The American geography is of great importance to the primary development of peoples life as it influenced the development of economy and business in North America during the eighteen and nineteenth century. The structural and climatic face of North America described how the Atlantic coast which connected the North America with the outside world was significant during the eighteenth and nineteenth century (Mackintosh, 1923). Therefore, the greater part of the North America was accessible through the Atlantic coast. It is known that the Atlantic Ocean has facilitated the success of the North America economy and has also facilitated the execution of business in the same region. On the other hand, culture is also another aspect that shaped the North American economy and business.
Notably, the North America narrows to the coastal plains of the Atlantic and Pacific regions, and this is critical to the development of the economy and business. For example, the presence of the partial gaps of the Pennsylvania and Cumberland along the Southern part of the Shenandoah has played a significant role in the historical development of American Economy and business. This shows that it was possible for the Americans in such regions to transfer goods from where they were produced to the place where people were found. The French after following the westward path of St. Lawrence came to discover the basic fact of modern Chicago. In this region, the French tried to build a policy which was known as the grandiose policy but the policy could not pick up because of weak settlement in such the region. After the American Revolution, settlement in St. Lawrence Valley intensified. The intensification of labor in the region necessitated the French from Canada to move their goods to such regions. It was in this region that the French believed that they could get a market for their goods and services. Furthermore, because the settlement had increased, it meant that the French business men could source cheap labor to work in their farms and other business enterprises. Additionally, because of the intense settlement, the North American merchants found cheap labor and thus produced staples which could gain ready market in Europe (Chandler, 1995). What is more, the prosperity of the South American culture was based on tobacco, indigo, and other products as was seen in Virginia and other parts of the North America.
It is known that in 1763, before the revolutionary period, the North America was a free trade area and its exploitation was something that haunted many people from either Europe or other parts of Europe. As the quest for exploitation set in, the dispute between the authorities and the colonies were witnessed. It prompted the drawing of the boundary between the North and South America which made the North America a protected region up 1854 when the Reciprocity treaty that restored the free trade on a partial perspective (Mackintosh, 1923). The North America was seen as a huge business region during this period. This explains the importance of settlements in a particular region as the areas becomes the hotbed of business. Goods and services were taken to areas where people were found since they formed the basis for the market to such products and services.
Furthermore, during the 18th and 19th century, geography was significant with regards to transportation of goods and services from outside North America. The Atlantic region became the transportation gateway between the North America and other areas which included the Great Britain. On the other hand, St. Lawrence was an important area as served as a communication line between the North America and the outside world (Gavin, 2003). The Atlantic States that had commerce based communities depended on the Atlantic regions to reach the North America with their goods and services. The laws and customs developed by such communities facilitated the growth of North American commerce.
Moreover, the geographical structure of the North America also shaped the conditions and policies that guided the undertaking of businesses in the United States. The crop producers in the South and North America were favored by these trade policies and therefore, they could produce cheap goods and services that attracted international market. Thus, The course of the tariff history of the United States illustrates the changing policies which these conditions conditioned, (W.A Mackintosh Pg.8). The different characteristics in economics formed the base struggle between the South and North America, and thus the North America benefited regarding business as it gained tactics on how to impose tariffs for the general wellbeing of its commerce people. The conditions and policies are seen as significant to the economy of the North America as it made it powerful compared to that of other nations.
Even though, the opening up of North America to the outside world for economic gain was significant in the 18th and 19th centuries, problems such as the territorial conflicts were witnessed. These conflicts affected the smooth running of the business between the North America and the outside word. It is known that as U.S people spread across a vast region such as the Mississippi, political and new problems came up (Mackintosh, 1923). For instance, some of the South Americans argued that Mississippi and Atlantic regions are their territories and that the businessmen from the North America should not be allowed to cross such regions. Furthermore, the adoption of protectionists methods was also seen as a challenge to the economic and business growth in the North American region.
The culture was also of great significance during the 18th and 19th century as it shaped the economic and business organization in the North American setting. The language was used as a means of communication between the people of the North America and traders who visited the region from the European countries (Richard, 2010). The North American people's language were significantly influenced by the British who brought goods and services to such areas. Even though, the North American people had their culture before the industrial revolution, the culture was affected after the industrial revolution set in. For example, English was used as a communication language among the traders.
The way of dressing also influenced the growth of economy and business in the North America. As population intensified, people in the North America demanded different types of clothes (Richard, 2010). This necessitated the transportation of fashion from the European countries to the North American region. The leaders in the North America initially decided what people should wear in the North America to conserve their culture but with time, people had to make their decisions on the clothes to wear. The trade on clothes intensified and the traders had to cross to other regions to acquire and satisfy the needs of the North America people. As time went by, the trade intensified in the North America and people from outside had to bring their goods to North America as they believed that the region was a potential market due to increased population.
Aitken. H.G.J (1977). Myth and Measurement: The Innis Tradition in Economic History. Journal of Canadian Studies
Chandler Jr, A. (1995). The railroads: The first modern business enterprises, 1850s1860s. Historical Perspectives on the American Economy: Selected Readings, 8, 315.
David, Thelen (1999). Mexico, the Latin North American Nation: A Conversation with Carlos Rico Ferrat. The Journal of American History. Oxford University Press
Gavin, Wright (2003). Slavery and American Agricultural History. Agricultural Historical Society.
Mackintosh. W.A (1923). Economic Factors in Canadian History. The Canadian Historical Review. University of Toronto Press.
Richard J. Salvucci (2010). Some Thoughts on the Economic History of Early Colonial Mexico. Trinity.
Rosemary E. Ommer (2016). All the Fish of the Post. Resource Property Rights and Development in the Nineteenth-Century Inshore Fishery. Journal of the History of Atlantic Region.
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