Coursework Example: Diet and Activities for an Overweight Patient with Osteoporosis

Date:  2021-04-12 04:03:49
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2. What is the recommended calorie intake for this individual to maintain her weight?

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The recommended calorie intake for this individual to maintain her weight is 2,457 calories on a daily basis. The basal metabolic rate (BMR) of this individual is 1,585 calories.

Due to her allergy, she does not consume her daily required amount of calcium which has led to her diagnosis of osteoporosis. Even though she takes a calcium supplement, her physician has recommended she consume more than half her recommended daily intake (RDI) in calcium through natural sources.

2. What is her RDI for calcium?

Based on the individual's condition (osteoporosis), the recommended daily intake (RDI) for calcium will be 1,300mg per day.

Indicate 3 natural sources of calcium that she can consume that does not interfere with her allergy. *Note: Your answer cannot discuss using a lactaid supplement to prevent allergy symptoms.

The three natural sources of calcium that she can consume which do not interfere with her allergy would be green leafy vegetables, broth and fish with bones.

3.Describe what can occur if she eats too many foods with a high glycemic index without properly regulating her blood sugar and injecting insulin.

If she eats too many foods with a high glycemic index without properly regulating her blood sugar and injecting insulin, her diabetic condition is likely to be augmented which will in return increase her blood sugar level leading to a condition known as hyperglycemia which has adverse effects on the health condition of the patient.

4. Explain the role of insulin in terms of body's use of glucose.

Insulin is a hormone which plays a key role in the regulation and storage of the bodys amount of glucose. The hormone is released to the bloodstream by beta cells of the pancreas when the blood sugar level rises. Generally, insulin prevents the blood sugar level from getting too high (a condition referred to as hyperglycemia) or too low leading to a condition referred to as hypoglycemia. Insulin functions by signaling the liver, muscle, and the fat cells to take in glucose which is transported from the blood; in this case, insulin plays a role in helping the cells to ingest glucose to be used in the generation of energy. In the case that body has sufficient energy; insulin functions by signaling the liver to take up glucose transported through the bloodstream and store it as glycogen.

5. She enjoys foods with high sugar content and does not plan on giving those foods up. Explain what she can do to prevent what can occur in question 3 from happening in the future.

She can prevent her hyperglycemic condition from worsening in the future by taking her insulin or glucose-lowering medication as per her doctor's prescription. She also should avoid consuming too many calories which precisely include sugary beverages. Another preventive measure is by regularly taking exercises to stay active. She should lead a stress-free life and conduct regular medical check-up from her doctor.

6. Knowing she is inactive and she is overweight with osteoporosis, describe two types of light physical activity that she can participate in that will not increase her risk for bone fractures, etc.

The probable light physical activities that she can engage in with regards to her condition would include lifting, pulling or pushing free weights for example dumbbells for healthy bones and exercises on posture training such as yoga.

7. What information is mandated and regulated by the Health Canada to be displayed on manufactured foods? Be sure to include specific details and at least 6 examples.

The information mandated and regulated by the Health Canada to be displayed on manufactured foods include bilingual labelling, common name, country of origin, date markings and storage instructions, identity and principal business place, list of ingredients and allergens, net quantity, nutrition labelling, irradiated foods, legibility and location, standards of identity, and food additives including sweeteners.

8. What is the difference between health claims and nutrition claims? Provide two examples of nutrition claims and two examples of health claims that Health Canada allows on manufactured food products. You must be specific when providing your answers.

According to the Health Canada, a health claim is basically any representation in labelling or on advertising instances which states that a relationship exists between the consumption of a food (or an ingredient in the food) and the health of a person, while a nutrition claim is a claim about certain nutrients or substances contents in a food. Examples of health claims include adequate intake of calcium can reduce the risk of osteoporosis and excessive consumption of alcohol is harmful to your health. Examples of nutrition claims include low in sugar and high calcium content.

Part II

Using one food label from your home, locate and complete the following questions below. Use proper units of measurement for your answers. Make sure you use a label that has some amount of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. You are also required to submit a photo of the food label showing the Nutrition Facts Table and name of the product at the end of the assignment.

Food product name: Great Value Dinner Mix Macaroni & Cheese

Company/producer/distributor name: Wal-Mart Stores

Origin of manufacture: Bentonville

Serving size: 2.5 oz (70 g)

Total servings per container: 3

Kcal per serving (as indicated on the label): 250

Mg of sodium: 520

Grams of protein per serving: 8

Calculate actual kcal of protein per serving (4kcal/gm X gm of protein): 32

Grams of total fat per serving: 1

Calculate actual kcal of fat per serving(9kcal/gm X gm of total fat): 9

Grams of carbohydrates per serving: 52

Calculate actual kcal of carbohydrates per serving(4kcal/gm X gm CHO): 208

Calculate total calories per serving (fat kcal + CHO kcal + protein kcal): 249

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