A detailed Fire and Life Safety Education Program Plan is vital as it ensures that the safety of the students and the staff is guaranteed at all times. When the students have ample knowledge on how to avoid or respond to incidences of fire, the risk of losing lives and destruction of properties is significantly reduced (McCarthy & Gaucher, 2004). An efficient education plan can prepare the students physically and psychologically on the dangerous poised by fire hazards. Fire education plan must provide a necessary and straightforward emergency procedure which can be followed to evacuate burning buildings. It will also train the students on the effective utilization of the available firefighting and protection equipment. Therefore, this education plan is paramount as it will ensure that the students gain knowledge and understanding of what is expected of them in case of a fire emergency.
The goals for the program
The most efficient way of avoiding loss of life and damages brought about by fire is by preventing the starting of such accidents in the first place. Therefore the primary goal of the program will be to train the students on the possible causes of fire in schools so that they can be able to avoid them. The second goal is to prevent damage and loss of life and thus promoting a safe learning environment for the children and other staff. By training the kids on how to react when small fires break out, it will help in maintaining calm and sometimes putting out the fire before it spreads to other areas of learning. The third goal of the plan is to impart essential lessons and knowledge of handling emergency situation beyond the classroom. The education plan will not be limited for school use, but the students can use the lessons learned at home and in other areas.
The topics to be taught in various grades and how the classes will be grouped.
Due to the extensive nature of the fire and life safety education program, the plan will be split into multiple units based on their grades of the students and their understanding capabilities.
Kindergarten- the first introduction unit in kindergarten will be called "introduction to fire safety." It will entail the use of a practical approach method that distinguishes what is hot and cold, and how to avoid the hot objects (McCarthy & Gaucher, 2004). Children will also be taught how to move to safe areas in case of a fire break out and the dangers of lighters, matches, and fireworks.
First grade to third grade- this will comprise of introducing the students to firefighters and taking trips to firefighting offices ("School Fire & Safety Education | Marietta, GA," n.d.). During the tours, the students will be learning about the fire safety and basic first aid to a fire victim. Students will also be taught about the hygiene, causes of fires and other general life safety lessons.
Fourth grade to sixth grade- education in this grades will take the student to the next level and prepare them to make proper decisions. The program will incorporate teaching the students on adverse impacts of arson ("School Fire & Safety Education | Marietta, GA," n.d.). On top of that students will be trained on how to positively impact their community through fire safety and educating their families on the same.
High school- the program will provide the chance to teach high school students the essential requirements of a public career in firefighting department. Students will also learn an in-depth demonstration of fire incidences and emergency response efforts which entails extraction and first aid to patients in the aftermath ("School Fire & Safety Education | Marietta, GA," n.d.). Students will further be impacted with how to observe a lifetime safety guidelines and be able to analyze and prevent a situation that can be dangerous.
In conclusion, the education plan will include at least one emergency fire drill per month which will be conducted within the school to prepare the students psychologically and physically in case of such an incident. Detailed school plan layout will be strategically placed in the classrooms, notice boards and social areas to show the students the safe zones that can be easily accessed in case of fire emergencies ("Fire Safety For Texans School Fire Safety Curriculum Guides," 2018). And to ensure that this plan in action for years, teachers will be trained on how to teach the fire safety lessons so that it can be eventually incorporated into the teacher's schedules with no additional cost. In that way, the safety lessons will be treated like any other units taught by the teachers at school.
Fire Safety For Texans School Fire Safety Curriculum Guides. (2018, February 1). Retrieved from http://www.tdi.texas.gov/pubs/sfmocurriculum.html. Accessed 20 July 2018
McCarthy, P. M., & Gaucher, K. A. (2004). Fire in the OR-Developing a fire safety plan. AORN Journal, 79(3), 587-600. doi:10.1016/s0001-2092(06)60910-1
School Fire & Safety Education | Marietta, GA. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.mariettaga.gov/1137/School-Fire-Safety-Education. Accessed 20 July 2018
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