Key Aspects of Early Childhood Development - Free Report Exampe

Paper Type:  Questions & Answers
Pages:  4
Wordcount:  1032 Words
Date:  2023-12-29

Describe early patterns of growth and appropriate nutrition for young children.

Physically, when a child is born up to three years, height and weight drastically go up. The body proportion of the child also changes. In this period, socioemotional skills such as peer relationships develop. Within three to five years, the child's fine motor skills advance, and so do his physical attributes. Between the ages of five and eight, motor skills become better while there is a drop in physical development. Breast milk is ideal for a baby. Vegetables are pivotal to baby health; thus, smashed potatoes or carrots can be given to a baby who has started taking solid food. Mashed banana is also a good fruit for the child. Mashed beans or peas can also provide the baby enough protein. For carbohydrates, the child can take rice cereals mixed with breast milk or milk low in fat.

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Identify and explain the significant motor milestones and summarize the numerous motor development theories and the impact of culture.

One of the vital motor milestones includes the rolling over by a child. It is followed by the baby crawling, which starts around one to three years old. After that, the child begins walking and talking. Firstly, child development's cognitive theory encompasses the sensorimotor stage, pre-operational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal active stage. In the sensorimotor stage, infants get to know the world through their movements. In the pre-operational stage, children use symbols to represent to portray objects. In the concrete operational stage, the child's thoughts are more organized and logical. Lastly, in the informal active phase, a child comes to conclusions after analyzing some principles. Secondly, the neural maturation theory says that as the central nervous system matures, so do the motor functions. In the dynamic system theory, the task at hand is looked at before the brains send a signal to the different parts of the body on which move to make. Culture plays a pivotal role in developing a child as people's way of life impacts a child.

Review in detail significant mortality risks in young infants and discuss the role of immunizations in health.

One of the primary causes of mortality risk in young infants is congenital disabilities; congenital disabilities are structural defects that prevent the infant's body from functioning correctly. Congenital disabilities can be caused by drinking a lot of alcohol or even smoking. Suffocation contributes to infant deaths. Another reason is a low birth weight, which means the infant's body parts are not well developed; immunization helps fortify a child's immune against. Thus when there is an outbreak of such an ailment, it will not affect the child.

Discuss changes in cognition in early childhood and evaluate Piaget’s theoretical approach for this area. Describe, in detail, Piaget's six sub-stages of sensorimotor development.

In early childhood, the cognition changes start with pre-reading skills, followed by language, vocabulary, and numeracy. Sensorimotor development is categorized firstly into reflects act. The reflex act occurs in the first months after birth; for instance, if you place your finger on a baby's mouth, he will suck it. Secondly, there are the primary circular reactions. Here the baby will react to things that give him pleasure, such as sucking his thumb. Thirdly the secondary circular reaction where the baby repeats actions that he likes. For instance, the baby wants the sound of hitting the table. Fourthly, is the coordination of secondary schemes? Here the baby can crawl up to where the table is and switch it to get the sound. In a tertiary circular motion, the baby tries to bring different pieces that he broke together. Lastly, is the symbolic thought where a baby starts creating objects using his mind?

Discuss, in detail, the sequence of early language development.

In pre-linguistic language development, a child cannot manipulate sounds well to make words. Firstly, the natural sounds a baby makes, such as crying, are known as the vegetative sound. It happens when a baby is 0-2 months of age. It is followed by laughing and cooing, which occurs when a baby is 2-5 months. When the baby is 4-8 months old, he starts vocal play. In this stage, the baby can make a string of consonants and vowels. Lastly, there is the babbling stage, which begins at 6-13 months. Here a child can utter a series of consonants e.g., dada.

Describe the development of significant changes in the expression of emotions and temperament in early childhood. Be sure to identify the three temperament styles outlined by Thomas and Chess.

Emotions and temperament in early childhood highlight how the child is growing from being dependent on autonomy. A child can thus react negatively or positively, depending on how he feels. Thus through emotions, a child can communicate. When a child is six months old, an emotional bond forms between the child and the caregiver. According to Thomas and Chess, a comfortable child can always adapt to new experiences with ease and still be in a good mood. A difficult child, on the other hand, cries often and is not welcoming to new experiences. The slow-to-warm-up child finds it hard to adapt, and his activity levels are low.

Discuss Ainsworth's Strange Situation experiment. Detail the four styles of attachment and explain why attachment is essential to development. What is the difference between stranger and separation anxiety?

The strange situation experiment explores the rapport between a caregiver and a child. Its first category is secure; here, a child will analyze when the caregiver is present. The child has a safe place to turn to in case of any needs. In insecure, the child will not explore his surroundings no matter who is around. The resistant child is very clingy and shows discomfort even before the separation. Lastly, there is the disoriented who shows stress by having strained movements.

Discuss how siblings and peers affect the psychosocial development of young children.

It is through the interaction with siblings and peers that a child learns to interact with other people. A child can know how to manage conflict and how to show empathy. This is a vital social skill for a child, and it enhances his development.

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