Napping on the Night Shift: Articles Review Example

Date:  2021-06-24 03:09:30
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Napping on the Night Shift a Two-Hospital Implementation Project Analysis

In this worksheet activity, analyze the conclusions reached by the researchers in your final project article and compare them to the conclusions of the corresponding Reference Article from the provided list. Explain how the study you have analyzed contributes to scientific literature and speculate about further investigations that might take place because of this research. To complete this assignment, complete the following steps:

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1. Review the article you selected for the final project.
2. Review the corresponding Reference Article from the provided list.
3. Download and complete this Module Six Worksheet document. Compare your final project article to the article with the corresponding Reference Article. Address the following topics through the worksheet questions below:
a. Purpose, research question, and hypothesis
b. Research methods
c. Key findings
d.Major conclusions
4. Upload and submit your completed worksheet assignment.

Final Project Article

Reference Article

Full APA Citation Gail, W. (2016). Napping on the Night Shift. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 116(8), 13.

Edwards, M. P., McMillan, D. E., & Fallis, W. M. (2013). Napping during breaks on night shift: critical care nurse managers perceptions. Dynamics, 24(4), 30-35.

Purpose, Research Question, and Hypothesis

Compare the following elements for each article using your own words and complete sentences.

Purpose: What is the purpose of the study?

The study explored the perceptions of critical care unit managers and their experiences towards napping practices among their nursing staff operating on night shifts.

The perception and experience of napping on the night shift among nursing staff and potential benefits for workers' health.

Research Question(s): What is/are the research question(s)?

What are the perceptions of the critical care unit managers about the napping practices among nurses on a night shift?

How is napping during breaks on a night shift impact on the wellbeing of nurses and patients?

Hypothesis(es): What is/are the hypothesis(es) of the study?

H1. Nurses sleeping on the job often decreases fatigue and promotes responsiveness on nurses.

H2. There are mixed reactions and support for naps for night shift workers during night shift break.

The study unravels a clear-cut hypothesis of examining the impacts of nurses sleeping on duty in regards to nurses and care managers wellbeing.

Explanatory Variable(s): What is/are the explanatory variable(s)?

The explanatory variables include the time length that the nurses took during napping while on the night shift. The time length varied from 20-120 minutes.

The explanatory variable includes a napping duration which varies from 20-120 minutes.

Response Variable(s): What is/are the response variable(s)?

The response to the variable was to the probability that the nurses had a napping this time allowance had to be scheduled.

Night shift nurse sleeping reduces fatigue and allows the care unit nurses to refresh.

Research Methods

Compare the following elements for each article using your own words and complete sentences.

Observational or Experimental: Was this study observational or experimental?

The study was more experimental.

The study was experimental.

Population: What population are the researchers interested in?

The researchers were interested in the population of nurses working within the critical care unit.

The population of interest was the care managers and patients in a health care system.

Sample: What is the sample?

The sample constituted about 1030 critical care unit managers.

The sample was the nurses working in a health care unit.

Sample Selection: How did the researchers select their sample?

One method for selection included the use of registered Canadian Association of Critical Care UNIT (CACCN). They sent invitations to the participants via an online web based survey to their emails.

The selection of the sample was done through a web-based survey.

Data Collection Methods: How did the researchers collect their data?

The researchers used an online survey to approximate 1030 critical care unit nurses with active email addresses.

Data collection was done through an email under which the survey link was embedded.

Statistical Analysis: What statistical analysis did the researchers use?

The researcher used Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet and SPSS software in analyzing data. The study used descriptive statistics to report the evidence that related to perceptions of the managers and nurses break duration.

Analysis method used was identification of the data by a code after which the data was downloaded and entered into Microsoft Excel spreadsheet.

Key Findings

Compare the key findings for each article using complete sentences in your own words.

Major Results/Conclusions: What was/were the result(s) of the research question(s)?

The managers identified fatigue as a threat to nurse and patient safety. About 40% of the nurse managers were found to be aware that tiredness and fatigue on night shift caused errors affecting patient care.

Results of the research question were fatigue which was identified as a threat to the patients and nurses safety.

Comparison: Respond to the following questions in 2- to 3-sentence short paragraphs. Use complete sentences and your own words.

- How were the results similar or different between the two articles?

The results in both the studies were similar because in all, the fundamental outcome was how best can nurses manage the patients in a tight night shift. Fatigue was found to be the biggest drawback in all the studies.

- Based on the findings of the two studies you have looked at, do you think there is a relationship between the explanatory and response variables? What statistical results are you using to support your decision?

There is an existing relationship between the explanatory and response variable. In both cases time, the span of nurses sleeping on night duty played a role in the alertness of nurses.

- How does this study further our knowledge of the topic you are reporting on?

It is important to ensure that the care managers get a well stipulated time off to nap within the night shift as napping breaks restores the responsiveness of the caregiver to the patients.

- Based on this information, what new questions arise? What other studies need to be done in order to determine if there really is or is not a relationship between the variables of interest?

The new arising question would be the timing duration for a nap and the napping facilities availability.

The other studies need to focus on the remuneration and job development in the plight of caregivers.


Edwards, M. P., McMillan, D. E., & Fallis, W. M. (2013). Napping during breaks on night shift: critical care nurse managers perceptions. Dynamics, 24(4), 30-35.

Gail, W. (2016). Napping on the Night Shift. AJN The American Journal of Nursing, 116(8), 13.

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