Literacy program in most cases might not be the most effective way of minimizing crime rate among juvenile offenders or used as the best correctional mechanisms. The process of juvenile correctional needs a system that is effective and will help the offenders transform positively in their lives. Besides, the program might not benefit the entire juvenile due to the limited resources and lack of enough teachers who will help in the program implementation. "Besides, it is true that most of the poor readers lack the motivation to study" (Drakeford, 2002). Additionally, not every juvenile will be willing to learn or accept education. With the increasing rate of congestion in the correctional facilities due to an increased in the level of crimes rates, hence implementing the program may not be that effective and possible. Besides, the correctional environment has never been that effective for learning process based on the several challenges and tasks that most of the juvenile offenders are likely to go through while in prison.
The Challenges Correctional Officials Are Likely to Face Implementing the Program
Academic programs implementation within the juvenile facilities face challenges such as youth incarnation and facility operations. They usually join the correctional setting with drug substance abuse addiction, skills deficits, and immoral behaviors, which result in educational programming difficulties. Alternatively, juvenile institutions provide limited support to offer suitable educational youth interventions. Major impediments in the correctional sectors include inadequate financial resources, overcrowding, and unsuccessful governance structures. Therefore, they provide ineffective care to the confines youth in their institutions. They are also secluded from various public schools and education reform activities due to insecurity and lack of togetherness in the juvenile facilities.
Besides, the juvenile correctional unit cannot usually educate youths with special needs because they have an ineffective screening process and evaluation (Lambie, & Randell, 2013). They also fail to execute instructional strategies to help tackle both the behavioral and learning problems. They fear to involve their guardians or surrogate parents, as many do not like exposing their disabled children to the public. Besides, they fail to sort out the intermediary services released to the community for youth. Many schools do not implement accommodation services for kids with special needs, as they are minorities (Chappell, & Shippen, 2013). However, they do not receive special education, which is appropriate and helpful in shaping their future. Moreover, education programs in most juvenile correction units are inadequate due to increased literacy skills. Resources limitation is the contributor to these problems as they prioritize on security issues.
The reasons behind minimal services provision in corrective facilities are lack of awareness in the educational rights to criminal youths. Many advocates start the class action lawsuit to challenge the juvenile practices in the education centers. The cases of troubled teenagers are increasing despite a decline in juvenile offending cases. However, many authority fights to implement appropriate juvenile education programs with quality services to help in confining youth.
The Possible Challenges the Illiterate Juveniles Face
One of the major challenges that the illiterate inmates are likely to face is communication problems. Communication remains one of the essential element of expressing oneself. Under normal condition, most of the illiterate individuals in prison will be having challenges and may not talk their mind as required of them. They rather decide to remain calm and not to commit another mistake. Additionally, most of these inmates are more likely to be aggressive in their behaviors and how they handle some of their issues or even how they associate with their friends.
Additionally, most of the inmates will not manage to follow the instructions when they are illiterate due to lack of better term to express themselves and to other people. Being illiterate is a major challenge in the correctional facilities given that most of such individuals would always find it so difficult to secure other significant opportunities that the offenders can easily get while in prison (Drakeford, 2002). Most importantly, illiteracy is associated with loneliness and where a person would always feel to think of committing a further criminal offense. Research also shows that the illiterate juveniles are more likely to commit further crime after the release given that some of them find it difficult to understand the nature and the possible problem with the need to be a law-abiding citizen.
The Outcome of the Study
Illiteracy among the juveniles remains a serious challenge that needs a proper address among the correctional facilities management. The department should implement better strategies that will help in the overall process of juvenile programs. One of the major points that I found out from the study is that the process of literacy program implementation remains a major challenge that the justice system should address given that the level of illiteracy remains to be higher. The program was never successful based on the various challenges that are associated with the program implementation and resource allocation (Mccluskey, 2017).I would ensure that the system of education is more effective by coming up with a program that seeks to offer more educational resources and facilities that will benefit juvenile offenders in their ways of life. Besides, I would advise that the department come up with a criterion that will help identify talents among the offenders and help them improve such talents more effectively.
Chappell, C., & Shippen, M. (2013). Use of Technology in Correctional Education. Journal of Correctional Education, 64(2).
Drakeford, W. (2002). The impact of an intensive program to increase the literacy skills of youth confined to juvenile corrections. Journal of Correctional Education, 139-144.
Lambie, I., & Randell, I. (2013). The impact of incarceration on juvenile offenders. Clinical Psychology Review, 33(3), 448-459.
MCCLUSKEY, M. (2017). What If This Were Your Kid?' Retrieved from https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/12/juvenile-solitary-confinement/548933/
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