Paper Example on Hegel and Marx General Conceptions of History

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1157 Words
Date:  2022-05-21

Introduction

After many years, the first idea of the conception of history was believed in bad reputation due to Hegel, who is acknowledged as its founder. He recognized himself as the type of theorist-God reconstructing for both human history and that of the entire world. Regardless of flaws in his idea as well as the manner he was inspired to stress too strongly the features he found in items, it was ultimately via him that the concept of philosophy was acknowledged as the philosophical subject. Hegel left a constructive task where the core issue was to discover the right conception of history (White, 20). This made various philosophers such as Marx to adapt and improve his conceptions of history. Thus, it is crucial to comprehend both Hegel and Marx conceptions by understanding similarities and contrasting views on their general philosophies of history with their motive forces.

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Hegel constructed a position and significance of conception of history to be acknowledged. However, at the same duration, he changed and damaged the history philosophy in a malicious manner. This was due to his energies to reconstruct it and the entire cosmos as self-movement via the eternal motive which to say, God, who portrays Himself and ultimately shows Himself in Hegel knowledge (Cohen, 12). This made every aspect of his conception to be deduced from some of the conflicts and oppositions of dialectics. However, the conception of history as it currently appears has a natural position in the core intuition of Hegel regardless of his persistence on reasoning. Just like in every famous philosopher, there was in Hegel a fundamental perception that dealt with reality, experience, and not just with the motive-made entities of his discussions. Furthermore, this simple insight has been explained as flexibility intuition and anxiety that are important in life particularly to the existence of man. Therefore, it can conclude that it is the perception of truth as history which is at perpetual change. Hegel was stirred to conceptualize this perception in a flawed model (Cohen, 13). This model is sophistry in both his idealism and the manner through which he chose to conduct rationalism to make people think as same as divine reasoning. This was through changing dialectics to complete understanding and absorbing the irrational in thinking as well as self-motion dialectical that is a revelation of life and reality.

Hegel also conducted a contemporary rationalism to its optimal. He created conceptions into complete supreme knowledge. Nevertheless, his conception of history was not simply philosophical. His conceptions attempted to take every theological history of human beings through modifying it into simple normal terms. Hegel attempts was an exertion to digest and integrate into thinking all theological and religious issues of mankind (White, 27). In his ultimate evaluation of idea of history, his conception and metaphysics were contemporary Gnosticism. Attempting to re-engender the entire reality by way of dialectics, Hegel engulfed experience of the universe in logical objects.

The Marxist conception of history can be complemented to be directly obtained from Hegel philosophy of history, with a conversion from idealism to materialism. Both Marx and Hegel shared similar concept and idol since, at the ultimate analysis, the dialectics of Marx were that of Hegel moved but from idea universe to matter world. Moreover, this Hegel descent is the only description of the first countenance of dialectical materialism. For Marx, matter itself was occupied and motivated by dialectical and logical movement. While positioned in another manner, in Hegel idealism conception, those of dialectician or logician are preoccupied with realism while in Marx conception there is matter or reality haunted by such dialectician or logician.

For Marx, characteristic of materialism differentiates his conception of history from that of Hegel's. This is by encompassing the study of social and economic aspects of man's life as well as the impact on his real life on feeling and thinking. For instance, Marx wrote in a direct contrast that Hegel conception of history was nonentity rather a conceptual demonstration of the German-Christian doctrine. This was in relation to the discrepancy between matter and spirit that is the world and God. Marx presented Hegel conception of history as assuming an absolute or absolute spirit that grows in a manner which humans are the only individuals that carry this spirit either knowingly or unknowingly (Cohen, 15). Therefore, according to Marx, Hegel adopts that a theoretical history which underlies experiential history. Thus, the mankind history is changed to abstract spirit history of man that transcends the actual man.

Marx explained his conception of history succinctly. He did this by describing the manner in which men generate their survival means relying on the kind of real channels they discover. This demonstrated that individual nature relies on material states which defines their production (Paggi, 5). Marx additionally made a distinction between his and Hegel conception of history through a project known as Feuerbach. He argued that the subject reality is what man apprehend via his senses and is comprehended only through contemplation. Henceforth, in contrast to materialism, idealism abstractly created the active side. Through Feuerbach, Marx was motivated to distinguish sensuous objects from thought objects. However, he did not comprehend that mankind activity was itself an objective activity (Paggi, 10). Just like Hegel, he views an object in its undertaking and process rather than a stationary object that may be described by finding the physical source within it. It should be precise that famous Marxist conception of history, materialism is erroneous. He further formed his materialism and compared it to the idealism of Hegel (White, 25). Marx's view assumes that the durable psychological motive in human gets money and earn more comfort materials. Therefore, if this was the primary drive in a man, it could persist the historical conception of materialism. The desire for property and money according to Marx then is more economically conditioned contrary to passion.

Conclusion

Hegel conception of history is centered on idealism. Although it had various flaws, he was still considered the father of philosophy. He created conceptions in supreme knowledge as his philosophies attempted adapt every part of the theological history of human beings. On the other hand, Marx conception of history is thought to be obtained for Hegel philosophy by converting idealism to materialism. Both philosophers shared similar idols. For Marx, matter in his philosophy was occupied and motivated by dialectical and logical movement. He contrasted Hegel philosophy by showing the German-Christian doctrine. He additionally explains his idea differently by describing the manner in which men generate their survival. Although both philosophers conception of history had similar and differing views, Marxist proved to have more flaws when he introduced an assumption of psychological motive in humans which continues his conception of history further introducing more flaws.

Works Cited

Cohen, Marshall, Ed. Marx, Justice And History: A" Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press, 2014.

Paggi, Leonardo. "Gramsci's General Theory of Marxism." Gramsci and Marxist Theory (RLE: Gramsci). Routledge, 2014. 113-167.

White, Hayden. Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Europe. JHU Press, 2014.

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Paper Example on Hegel and Marx General Conceptions of History. (2022, May 21). Retrieved from https://proessays.net/essays/paper-example-on-hegel-and-marx-general-conceptions-of-history

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