Lung cancer is one of the chronical diseases that has gradually affected most of the American residents due to its late diagnose of the disease and the ability to stay in the body system without detection until its late stages. Even though the United States is one of the nations that highly integrates the use of technology in the healthcare facilities, Lung cancer has been one of the struggles that the country has explicitly struggled with to ensure that the epidemic is under controlled. Even though new measures have been put in place, this paper seeks to focus on the prevention measures that have been used in the past as well as the newly adopted measures to ensure that the nation is fighting with the epidemic.
Historical Approach to Prevention and Control of Lung Cancer
In many occasions, both active and passive smokers are in the great danger of suffering from lung cancer due to heavy tobacco consumption. Through this, most of the people diagnosed in this condition may be under two categories with most of the patients having a longer history of smoking cigarette (Spiro & Silvestri, 2005). On the other hand, passive smokers under the similar working condition have been diagnosed with the condition despite their distance with to the active smokers.
As part of fighting the epidemic in the nation, the law that prevents exposure of people to smoking at the workplace has been one of the highly utilized laws in the past, which prevented people from smoking at the workplace as a way of reducing the risk of spreading cancer. Through this, the risk of spreading cancer due to uncontrolled smoking has been used as one of the past measures to control cancer in public. Through this, active cigarette smokers are also limited to the amount of cigarette one consumes in a day hence reducing the overall cigarette consumption in a day.
On the other hand, the taking of a balanced diet and encouragement to exercising are among the prior prevention methods that have been widely used in the previous stages to ensure that The US takes control of the situation. Through this, the citizens were being encouraged to conduct regular exercises as well as taking a well-balanced food to ensure that there are minimal chances of the spread of the disease.
The Current Approach Used in Preventing and Control the Disease
On the other hand, the use of technology to ensure that lung cancer is curbed, by all means, the government has undertaken different measures to ensure that fight against lung cancer is the concern of every American citizen by conducting social education as one of the key components in fighting cancer. On the same token, campaigns against lung cancer, which have been conducted to different parts of the nation have been one of the modern means in ensuring that the public is aware of the harmfulness of the epidemic. In addition to the above, the government has intensified financial support towards lung cancer as a new strategy of fighting the epidemic, which is measured through the technology improvement in the healthcare system.
Today, the use of ultrasound(sonography), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scans) and positron emission tomography (PET scans) have been the leading factors in diagnosing the early stages of cancer, through which surgeons can arrange for surgery before cancer spreads to other parts of the body (Eldridge, 2018). Through this, it is clear that most of the diagnose made are accurate to detect the spread, hence becoming more natural to understand the magnitude of damage.
Despite the milestone steps that have been taken to ensure that the situation is under control, it is clear that cooperation between both the patients and the medical practitioners is the key to ensure that the case is controlled even with the modern ways of preventing the situation. With the encouragement for early diagnostics, it is clear that patients' condition will be detected at early stage, a step that will help curb the situation.
Eldridge, L. (2018). 10 Tips for Lung Cancer Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.omicsonline.org/history-of-cancer-ancient-and-modern-treatment-methods-1948-5956.100000e2.php?aid=273
Spiro, S., & Silvestri, G. (2005). American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1164/rccm.200504-531OE
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