Restructuring and transformation within the health care system apply to broader issues within the health sector that seeks to improve, create, and bring changes in the health care sector. Individuals and target groups form the focus of any given health care reform in the community. As a means of societal change and progress, health care delivery and improvement aimed at making the greatest impact within the health sector, such as health insurance, accessibility to health facilities, and provision of affordable health services to the citizens. Any health care policy aimed at a target group or community comes with its significant weight of impact to which the target group is intended. Specific policies such as providing more care, insurance cover, and improving health care quality in many cases entail significant changes to both the target group and the citizens as a whole. Policies within the health care sector, therefore, have the significant impact of influencing change, build an individual, and steer a particular growth trend within the society. The health care reform act as a health policy program has the net effect of building upon an individual, community as a whole and a given target group.
As a system in public administration, Chapin (2014) argues that the health care restructuring has the significant effect of moderating behavior, changing a team's perception, and altering attitude. The health care reform act prepares the target group towards adopting a healthy conscious in the society and towards a particular course of action of well-being, thereby influencing their behavior, accessibility to health services, mode of operation, and attitude towards their health issues. In the first case, the target group is prepared towards focusing on the new policy framework and all it requires to accomplish the tasks outlined. Chapin maintains that an emphasis on the structure has the significant effect of altering behavior in addition to changing their thought process towards the health care structural make up (2014). The target group is therefore empowered to lay more emphasis on the task of seeking for health care and focusing their attention, concentration, and mindset towards aligning with the policies such as sustainability, accessibility, and their rights to seek affordable care services. On the other hand, as the target group focuses more on the policy, individuals within the group have the opportunity to learn, grow, and inculcate disciplinary measures that come along with rolling out the health awareness initiatives as outlined in the health care program.
Implementing any health care reform policy comes with the mandate to sustain health development, growth, and adherence to a particular code of conduct that has the positive effect of instilling group collaboration, organization, and management. Health care policy, therefore, has the strongest impact of coalescing individuals towards a mutual interest of the society and collective benefits such as affordable care and accessibility to health care services (Kolstad & Kowalski 2012). Additionally, individuals, therefore, find common ground in which they hone their skills such as leadership competencies, talents, and mutual coexistence and cohesion within their locality. The health care reform policy outlined therefore puts members of the target group into one joint forum enabling them to tap into their individual and collective strength of well-being. As an organization and community, the health care arrangement helps the community members to access low cost health services and high quality, attention from medical practitioners (Kolstad & Kowalski 2012). While it helps individuals focus on their strengths, it has the positive effect of bringing out the best in and amongst the target group members. For example, people talented in a given field such as coaching and counseling will have the opportunity to sharpen their skills as they practice and use their abilities within the health care structure.
Affordable health care frameworks and policy have the positive effect of improving community involvement on social, economic, and political agendas of the country. Additionally, it helps strengthen community adherence to health practices and group network towards healthy living, which in turn improves social governance, hence building the social capital of the individuals. According to research, promoting participation in community-based policies such as health care reforms by groups or persons, promotes social capital, opens up the social networks of the community, and enhances social engagement. Wider social engagement in the health care structure has the net effect of bringing group members into one, promoting a collective participation, and identity (Chapin 2014). According to Chapin, research reveals that the implementation of a given health care policy entails an in-depth community and group participation, a fact that helps individuals recognizes them with a particular unique identity. For example, the implementation of the health insurance policy has the most significant impact of changing the accessibility of health care of the target groups especially in their areas of residence. Physical closeness, common perception, and the common belief of undertaking the health care restructuring have the positive effect of bringing participants together thus promoting and enhancing group strength and potential.
At the group level or individual level, effective participation and involvement in health care program implementation come with the net effect of building a culture amongst the group members and individuals. On the other hand, according to Nigam & Ocasio (2010), culture has the positive effect of outlining collective intellectual accomplishment and at the same time enhancing positive behavior within the community. Nigam and Ocasio maintain that groups often get the opportunity to define their beliefs, laws, art, knowledge, habits and capabilities (2010). It thus has the net effect of bringing harmony and mutual coexistence within the society.
Chapin, R. (2014). Social Policy for Effective Practice: A strengths approach. New York, NY: Routledge.
Kolstad, J. T., & Kowalski, A. E. (2012). The impact of health care reform on hospital and preventive care: evidence from Massachusetts. Journal of Public Economics, 96(11), 909-929.
Nigam, A., & Ocasio, W. (2010). Event attention, environmental sensemaking, and change in institutional logics: An inductive analysis of the effects of public attention to Clinton's health care reform initiative. Organization Science, 21(4), 823-841.
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