Understanding the magic of language is central to the interpretation of embedded meanings of spoken and written texts. Grammar is, by far, the building block of things through speech and text, and the ability to communicate depends on using text or speech to design an appropriate communication situation. Undoubtedly, the manner of speech or text presentation creates a very case of communication. Therefore, the use of language in tandem with actions is a process that describes the essence of spoken and written texts. While the two may seem different and similar to some extent, differences and similarities do exist. Importantly, the definition of spoken and written texts in their settings reveals the following.
Spoken and Written Texts: Differences
The spoken text by President Donald Trump utilized comparison aspects in his speech during the national teacher day, like in the case where he said, "I'm a tremendous believer in education” (The Whitehouse 2020). Based on this approach, it creates an interactive social purpose defined by visual and audio-visual, verbal, and textual media on the audience. It defines the agent that represents information in spoken and written texts. Consequently, approaches that define the meaning of spoken and written texts typically contain an aspect of "a social event” occurring in multiple-layers of communication, where a variety of media are in action. Therefore, the interactive attribute is the essential quality in the spoken and written texts, that is, an agent for information dictates meanings in spoken and written texts—notably, the presence of cohesive sentences and the communicating agents' utterances. Consequently, the social purpose in language usage depicts the differentiating factor between spoken and written texts.
Moreover, the written text on the medical perspective entailed various parameters like the antibodies, diabetes types, and how the cell fights the disease (University of Geneva, 2020). Questions arise during the analysis of spoken and written texts regarding what they should study in both spoken and written texts. Notably, the analysis of spoken and written texts involves the study of agents or persons involved in the communication process to depict the flow of communication, as well as the mode, and the use of various instances for example in the text where the cells are described as engulfing the foreign bodies during the fighting process. Consequently, grasping the meaning in discourse required a collective analysis of the above three essential elements of spoken and written texts.
Text, on the other hand, represents information in any form, traditionally on the printed or written form. Unlike spoken and written texts, an agent of information is not the primary factor in text analysis, making the text a non-interactive entity. Consequently, there is no aspect of conversational speech into text. It implies that readers grasp meaning depending on the facts contained in the text in the form of paragraphs which occur in an orderly sequence. Importantly, upholding grammatical cohesion is a critical factor in the text (Hultgren, 2019). Additionally, the analysis of text requires awareness of grammatical and linguistic aspects of the language. Consequently, the grammatical aspect of cohesive sentences determines how text imparts information, forming the basis of text analysis.
Similarities between the Spoken and Written Texts
The definitions of spoken and written texts reveal immense differences, but the nature, agent for information, and form or medium are the main distinguishing factors. However, analysts agree that the existence of discourse without the text aspects is contestable. Noteworthy, spoken, and written texts represent the communication of information that requires the use of sentences (Hultgren, 2019). Therefore, the use of sentences for the communication of information is the fundamental similarity between spoken and written texts. The following section presents a fundamental puzzle that faces every new analyst of spoken and written texts.
It is not possible to research studies on spoken and written texts without getting its text dimensions. Importantly, both spoken and written texts use sentences to communicate information despite their many differences (Crawford, 2012). Additionally, explaining any aspect of spoken and written texts requires the possible negation of the same aspect in the text. For instance, saying that spoken and written texts have an interactive social character requires opposition that text is non-interactive.
The interchangeable nature of spoken and written texts raises analytical confusion, depending on the context of use. However, the two terms are distinctive components of communication and linguistic studies based on the interactive aspect each possesses. An agent is crucial to spoken and written text analysis, as opposed to text, which is non-interactive.
Crawford, W. (2012) "Grammar Analysis Techniques," The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics. DOI: 10.1002/9781405198431.wbeal0461.
Hultgren, A.K., 2019. English as the language for academic publication: On equity, disadvantage, and 'non-nativeness’ as a red herring. Publications, 7(2), p.31. Available at: https://www.mdpi.com/2304-6775/7/2/31
NPR Choice page (2020). Available at: https://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/09/25/494740056/donald-trumps-plan-for-americas-schools (Accessed: 21 June 2020).
The White House (2020). Education Available at https://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/ (Accessed: 21 June 2020).
University of Geneva, 2020. Cells that change jobs to fight diabetes. Available at: https://phys.org/news/2020-10-cells-jobs-diabetes.html (Accessed: 21 June 2020).
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