Education is an instrument that facilitates the integration of the young generation into the logic of the present system. It brings about conformity through the practice of freedom with critical thinking in men and women as well as creatively discovering the need to participate in transforming the world. The Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed, is an educational textbook that provides the instructions for achieving adult literacy as a manifesto for a new person and an exhortation to social and political justice. Therefore education is a call for revolution outlined through the achievement of the social transformation. Pedagogy of the Oppressed reveals the naive attempt to combine the elements of Marxism and Christianity. Therefore Paulo Freire created an emancipatory approach to education that entails the understanding of the systems of the oppression while transforming individuals. The mainstream pedagogy is based on insisting on true knowledge as well as expertise that exists within people. Dialogue is, therefore, all that is required to transform the world with critical questioning, love for humanity, and critical reflection and action, all of which arise through education. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed, therefore, sees education as a practice of freedom. However, Feire contrasts with education as a practice of the dominion.
The Pedagogy of the Oppressed unveils the world of the oppression with the praxis, which is committed to its transformation. The Pedagogy of the Oppressed formulation for Freire is a problem that stems from the oppressed consciousness, which was through the beliefs, ethics, fears, and motives that drove their behavior. Several individuals still live in the world marred by poverty added to the threats posed by war as well as nuclear proliferation. In Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Freire offers enduring and significant ideas on the importance of developing critical consciousness, which is essential for affirming project humanization. The necessity of dialogue is revealed as an essential tool for social progress for human freedom. Throughout the text, Freire has been found contrasting with oppression and liberation. The poor are oppressed by virtue of their poverty. However, they have accepted the situation and fear freedom due to the risks it carries, including the potential conflict. The situation for real oppression, as well as mass poverty, leads to fear and destruction of humanity with the violent suppression of fellow human beings (Freire, 2013). As a result, Freire provides an understanding which allows the poor to have an overview of the structural reasons for poverty while liberating themselves. Freire believes that education entails an act of depositing information that differs from reality. Therefore, the students have a role that is limited to receiving, filing, and storing information. It is known as the banking concept of education and entails monologues that are designed for making the students passive receptors of the fragmented reality.
The critical tool for achieving liberation in education is evaluated in the Pedagogy of the Oppressed. The construction of the individuals and living through the experience. The conventional education is designed to render the student a compliant object to be controlled. Overcoming the reality is based on several concepts, including the dehumanization. The education system for the oppressed is co-opted in the imperative economic system that entails inequality and growth. The oppressed groups are obliged to translate the concerns into another language (Off Netflix, 2020). As a result, the term oppressed is for the potent and designed empirically for the identifiable group of people. The power of the oppressed becomes stronger through their freedom. It allows them to attempt to soften the power of the oppressor that is manifested through false generosity. Achieving this is based on the continued opportunity to express the generosity of the oppressors by perpetuating the injustices. For efforts to transform the oppressed conditions are opposed to adapting the problems based on the learners contending for it through dialogics that attempts to unveil reality. The attempts are essential for liberating the oppressed through monologue education with the shift from dependence and manipulation. The liberation has to be actuated through Conscientizacao. It has to be an active subject of its liberation with that capacity and willingness to dialogue.
Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed, reveals the oppression perceptions which are limited by their conditions thus cause problems and lack sufficient liberation condition. The liberation for the oppressed can be achieved by solving the perception motives that are making the oppressed to struggles. Therefore the accurate perception has to involve actions, although they can have some limitations that include mere activism, thus require reflection for it to be a praxis. Therefore, Freire evaluated the actual reflection that has an impact on the action with praxis being defined as the reflection and action for transforming the world. When the oppression occurs, the oppressed see it through elaborated myths, which can be suppressed through new ways of manipulation for keeping it in control. Freire used such essential tactics for presenting the oppressed based on their progress possibility. The tactic of the welfare programs distracts the oppressed from what oppresses them and the solutions to their problems. The tactic elements entail the cooperation stemming from communion based on dialogue and communication with unity for liberation as opposed to manipulation.
Freire, P. (2013). Pedagogy of the oppressed. In The Applied Theatre Reader. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203891315-58
Off Netflix. (2020, March). CRIP CAMP: A DISABILITY REVOLUTION [film].
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