Democracy is the system of governance that allows citizens to choose their leaders. This system allows the governed to take actions on politicians who are misgoverning the citizens. However, there is another system of governance where citizens are denied the right to choose their leaders. In this type of governance, non-democratic regime, leaders result from a small group in society. There is a difference in the way education is offered between these two systems; this is measured by the number of funds allocated for education, educational opportunities, and the literacy rate of the citizens. With the great transition of nations from Autocratic system of government to democratic states, the subject of the level of education has become a broad research area for scholars who are curious about the contribution of the government in education and the rate of attendance in schools, and the quality of education offered. Education promotes democracy since people can make a better electoral decision which is why education is a cornerstone in establishing a stable and functioning democratic government. Researchers hold that democratic countries show higher levels of education. The paper investigates the impacts that democracy has on education through the tools of measure used, that is, the literacy rate, educational spending by the government, and school attendance.
Education and democracy are vastly related; in this prototype, school teaches persons to interrelate with each other and raise the profits of public involvement especially in voting and consolidating. In the comparison between democracy and dictatorship, the previous has a broad latent base but provides scrawny motivations to its protectors. Dictatorship, on the other hand, delivers stronger motivations to a narrower base. Education increases the benefits of public assignation and builds support in a democracy. Increase in education causes the likelihood of successful democratic revolutions, reducing that of the unsuccessful anti-democratic revolutions. According to the greatest democracy advocate, Amartyar Sen (2004), "politically free citizens, whether rich or poor are dispossessed of basic liberty and fundamental component of good living." This indicates that people are denied the right to quality education that is an essential tool for a better life. The Nobel Prize winner also emphasizes that democracy provides security to people by allowing them to hold the leaders accountable for their decisions. Therefore, politicians elected by the people offer great incentives to follow the desires of the people to be re-elected(Edenbrandt, A. 2010). Thus, democracy creates better education chances for the poor.
Education is a valuable tool for a better future of children in the parents' perspective. Provision of high-quality teachers and nearness of schools are the main priorities for the low-income parents who are unable to afford private schooling for their children or send them to study abroad. Majority of voters in a country are the middle and lower class citizens; democratic governments should spend more money on education, and achieve higher school attendance and literacy rate among citizens in the long run. The argument lays a belief that majority ruled democracy favors the poor and middle class while the dictatorship regime favors the elites(Glaeser, L. E., Ponzetto, A.M. & Shleifer, A. 2007). This is because, in a dictatorship regime, the main objective of the government is not to fulfill the desire of all the people but to fulfill that of a certain group of wealthy citizens who influence the economy of the country. The difference between the two governance system's participation in education can be evaluated through the literacy rate, school attendance, and the level of government spending.
The introduction of multiparty elections showed a positive relationship with the level of gove4nment spending in education and redistribution of resources. This increase was chiefly directed towards primary schools, while higher education remained untouched. Both Democratic and Autocratic systems are believed to allocate resources for their selfish reasons; thus, government spending is directly related to the people who favor it the most. Most democratic countries spend more funds on education, which might be seen as a selfish action of gathering votes in the next elections, while non-democratic ones spends little funds on education, since the most influential allies afford to take their children in private schooling institutions for better education, more so, more funds are allocated to universities. In Latin America, countries tend to spend more funds on education in education and health than Autocratic countries in the same region.
Human development through the rate of literacy and life expectancy is affected by democracy. Democracy has a tremendous positive impact on literacy rate. A cross-section time-series FGLS recession investigation was performed to cover the period 1970-2003 (Feu, J., Serra, C., Canimas, J. et al. Stud Philos Educ 2017). The recession included interaction variables to look for the effects that income, inequality and literacy rate has on democratic effects on human beings. The results of the investigations showed that democracy has a positive impact on the level of social development, in terms of literacy rates.
Educational opportunities are measured by the rate of primary school enrollment, the rate of completing 5th grade, and the rate of secondary school enrollment. The relative enrollment in secondary schools and the income level is positive, while the government's spending at this level of education is relatively small and of weaker significance (Dewey, J. 2004). Autocracies have a higher rate of improvement in enrollment for primary and secondary schools than the democratic countries. Although the enrollment in primary schools is relatively lower, the number of youths enrolling in secondary and university levels is higher, which shows an improvement in the enrollment rate. Democratic countries spend more money on education, but the vast amount spent does not result in higher educational achievements, demonstrating a greater focus on universities.
In conclusion, the system of government has high impacts on education. Whether positive or negative, the results are still undeniable and essential in achieving a stable country. Educated people have higher reasoning skills thus can make good decisions that are productive for the country. School increases the level of people's participation in government affairs such as making critical voting decisions in democratic countries. Democratic governance offers educational incentives such as funding to expand educational opportunities and improve literacy rates to a broad base of citizens, while the Autocratic system provides the incentives to a low number of citizens (Morrison, K. 2008). This determines the quality of educational achievements attained. Therefore, the significant difference between the two forms of government results from the quality of education offered to what number of people where democracy provides weak education for a vast amount of people, while autocracy provides a healthy level of education to a small group of people with influence to the governance system.
Edenbrandt, A. (2010). Does Democracy Promote Education? Handledare: Karin Olofsdotter Nationalekonomiska Institutionen.
The article examines whether democracy promotes education, and under what conditions. The study is based on theoretical models such as level of income, the equality of income, and the ethnical fractionalization and the impacts these models have on democracy and the level of education in a country. The article presents a panel data of the regression analysis performed with the level of education as a liberated variable. To give a quality analysis, the article discusses the factors in two measurements, and the results prove that the relationship between the rate of secondary school enrollment and democracy, while government spending on education shows mild association with democracy. The article also elucidates that low-income level in a country lessens the impacts that democracy has on education.
The article concludes that democracy is the right of citizens to elect their leaders and make choices on the representative who promotes their interests. The author states that education allows people to make better voting decisions and hold leaders accountable for their misleading. Low income and middle class are the majority of people in a country, and they are among those who have high influence in election results. Therefore, education is the best tool to ensure a quality future for children. The author stresses that the rate of enrollment and completion of school are positively related to democracy, while the government's expenditure has an overall weak significance on the results.
Glaeser, L. E., Ponzetto, A.M. & Shleifer, A. (2007). Why does Democracy Need Education? Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
The article explains the battle between democracy and dictatorship in the term of offering motivations to their protectors. The item motivates empirically and models a contributory device enlightening the association between democracy and education. The author of the article states that capitalism has an extensive prospective base, but it offers weaker incentives to the people. On the other hand, dictatorship offers more robust incentives to a narrow base of citizens. Education raises the benefits of public participation in support of an extensive base regime, that is, democracy, compared to the support for a dictatorship regime. The article suggests that an increase in the likelihood of a more successful democratic revolution opposing dictatorship reduces that of the effective anti-democratic upheavals.
The article concludes that the association amid education and democracy is vivid. The item also explains the connection between education, the costs and the benefits of political participation. Through socialization of youth in schools, young people undertake a political engagement which shows positive relationships between education and civic commitment. Education provides an affirmative civil act when persons decide on supporting a more or less political system. The author states that education increases the support of a democratic country from society; this is because democracy depends on individuals with high contribution benefits for its support. Improved education in a nation protects the country from possible revolutions thus preserving democracy.
Feu, J., Serra, C., Canimas, J. et al. Stud Philos Educ (2017). Democracy and Education: A Theoretical Proposal for the Analysis of Democratic Practices in Schools. Springer Netherlands,36: 647.
The project describes the concept of democracy in the educational sphere. The article gives extensive analyses of the theoretical discussion that occurs in the ground of social science where it defines the idea of democracy in four primary dimensions. These dimensions include governance, inhabitance, otherness, and ethos. The article also examines the four fundamental aspects in depth about a school setting to construct a broad and transversal, yet precise description, which is used to cultivate an independent project that contributes to a scientific debate.
Democracy involvement and complete education in the schools' setting were not used accurately which formed the basis of the research. The article states that the perception of democracy has been used in a variety of ways through the hegemonic schools' principle often originate from an impression of democracy w...
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