Poor eating habits can immensely elevate a person's risk of suffering from a stroke. Poor nutrition contributes to the attainment of excessive weight, which ultimately creates an excessive strain on the entire bodys circulatory system (National Stroke Association, 2016). Consequently, this enhances the risk of strokes occurrence.
Lack of physical activity elevates the risk of stroke occurrence (CDC, 2014). In the contemporary society, numerous people lack sufficient time to engage in physical activities due to the escalated economic demands. Prolonged lack of body exercise may render persons prone to the attainment of stroke.
Smoking and tobacco usage are great risk factors for stroke (NIH, 2016). This is because smoking thickens the blood and blood vessels, heightens clot formation and creates a plaque buildup in the arteries. All these can make persons highly susceptible to stroke.
Alcohol usage has been identified in numerous studies to be a leading risk factor for stroke. This is because too much alcohol increases the blood pressure, which is a leading trigger of stroke.
Stroke Prevention Methods for this Population
Controlling a person's blood pressure is one of the most effective strategies for preventing stroke. High blood pressure or hypertension can be controlled by avoiding stress, exercising regularly and good nutrition.
Persons should also lower the volume of cholesterol or saturated fats present in their diets. This can be achieved by avoiding meals with saturated fats as well as those containing trans fats. Fatty deposits or plaques accumulation on the walls of arteries may trigger the occurrence of stroke. Persons could also use doctors' prescriptions meant for lowering cholesterol levels.
Quitting smoking is also an essential stroke preventive strategy. Smoking also exposes nonsmokers to secondhand smoke, which could put them at risk of getting a stroke. Tobacco addicts should seek rehabilitation assistance meant at aiding them to quit smoking.
Managing diabetes can help the affected people from attaining a stroke (Harvard Medical School, 2015). This is primarily because persons living with diabetes are highly susceptible to stroke. Diabetes can be managed through regular intake of insulin and undertaking regular body exercise.
Maintaining a healthy weight can also aid in preventing the occurrence of a stroke. Overweight persons, in most cases, also suffer from high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels. The two are high risk factors for stroke.
All persons who are susceptible to stroke should also consume alcohol in moderation. This is because overindulgence in alcohol may result in ischemic stroke as well as hemorrhagic strokes due to decreased blood clotting tendency (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016).
Ways to Educate Persons on Stroke Prevention Measures
Posters are highly effective tools for educating the public on stroke preventive measures. This can be accredited to the following reasons:
Visibility: posters can be hung in numerous locations near the targeted population, where the enlightenment of stroke preventive measures is deemed essential. In most cases, posters are adorned with captivating visual representations of the primary subject being communicated. This makes them more noticeable by people, who are curious in reading the information depicted in the posters.
Active response: In most cases, people who view posters are those who are actively engaging in various activities in their surroundings (Tolliday, 2016). Such persons could be walking, shopping or merrymaking in recreational facilities. Others could just notice the posters out of sheer boredom. This means that the population segment targeted by the message represented in the posters in expansive. For this reason, posters can be effective in educating the public on the preventive measures of stroke.
Strategic location: the greatest advantage of using posters as educative tools on stroke prevention is that they can be placed at strategic positions. They can be put almost anywhere and seen by almost anyone. For instance, they can placed on notice boards situated in schools, shopping malls, churches and entertainment centers among others. Their ability to set at any chosen location makes them effective in teaching a large population segment.
Low costs: the average cost of producing posters is small compared to other forms of communication. This means that a health practitioner or a health institution can print thousands of small posters with information on the best strategies to prevent the occurrence of stroke. The printed posters can then be distributed to a large number of persons, who are highly susceptible to stroke.
CDC. (2014, March 17). Behaviors That Increase Risk for Stroke. Retrieved August 8, 2016, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): http://www.cdc.gov/stroke/behavior.htm
Harvard Medical School. (2015, October 09). 7 things you can do to prevent a stroke. Retrieved August 08, 2016, from Harvard Health Publications: http://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/8-things-you-can-do-to-prevent-a-stroke
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2016). Stroke. Retrieved August 08, 2016, from Mayo Clinic: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/stroke/manage/ptc-20117267
National Stroke Association. (2016). Lifestyle Risk Factors. Retrieved August 08, 2016, from National Stroke Association: http://www.stroke.org/understand-stroke/preventing-stroke/lifestyle-risk-factors
NIH. (2016, February 01). Brain Basics: Preventing Stroke. Retrieved August 08, 2016, from National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/preventing_stroke.html
Tolliday, D. (2016). The Advantages of Posters. Retrieved August 08, 2016, from Chron: http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-posters-63269.html
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