The activities for health promotions and prevention of diseases in any given population whether directed at groups, individual or communities are a formidable task; hence, such endeavors usually require an organized effort which is associated with understanding that culture among other social forces which are significant determinants of health-related behaviors. According to (Collins, 2014), health, race, culture, and gender forms a significant part of how a relationship is framed amongst the people in the society. Culture also enables individuals to understand the given nature of relationships that will enhance people to thrive in the face of traumatic conditions they are exposed to face on the earth (Braveman et al. 2011). Hence, culture greatly affects how people think, feel, and perceive their health.
2. Discuss examples from your own personal and work-based experience that demonstrate both differences and similarities among cultures that are relevant to you.
Culture plays typically an integral part in shaping individual thought patterns, a person behavior as well as the relationship with others. Moreover, culture influences perceptions and expectations which will have the effect of impacting an individual work with co-workers and client (Braveman & Gottlieb 2014). Hence failure to recognize cultural difference can cause problems in the workplace. From my own work based experience, culture has its expectations, for instance, the role of service providers and the clients which influences the following; how service is being provided to the client, the expected professional behavior of the works in the organization. Also, culture has an impact on how the workers relate to the clients as well as coworkers. Moreover, culture may affect the relationship with coworkers in the sense of family involvement, body language and also gender preferences.
3. Relate the social and cultural ideas Collins O Airhihebuwa discusses to your community and practice
Collins O Airhihebuwa discusses the social and cultural approaches to the societies by using the PEN-3 cultural model. He analyzed the results showing the patients shared experiences ranging from none stigmatizing, to sentential to the context, to negative/ stigmatizing (Braveman & Gottlieb 2014). Hence, in my community, poverty is perceived as the aspect that exposes people to different health issues within individual or families in which the person come from. For instance, the detrimental of being raised from a low-income family is potentiated if the family additionally lives in a disadvantaged environment which is not in the middle-class community. Thus, poverty in my community is differentially and independently regarded as an aspect that can affect the health of individuals at different stages of life (Collins, 2014). These perceptions, moreover, can directly affect health as well as health promotions since every disease within the community is generally attributed to poverty.
4. What does Collins mean when he shares the following African metaphor: 'no man should ever enter his house through another man's gate'? How might this assist us in considering culture and health promotion?
Collins O. Airhihebuwa has used an African metaphor that indicates the various needs for the development of new approaches to thinking and the assumptions of a particular thought that we as human beings should unlearn (Collins, 2014). The metaphor may greatly assist in considering culture as well as health promotion by directly helping in determining whether the models and theories we regularly use in healthcare are the genuine ones. In several cases, engagements have been made specifically with the communities and cultures without prior understanding the nature of the relationship in those communities which is an aspect that can apply the need to include the new models in health promotions (Braveman & Gottlieb 2014).
Online Activity 2
1. Why is it important to target health promotion at a societal level?
Targeting health promotions at the societal level majorly helps in understanding the full relationship of the factors which translates to the centrality of culture more so within the society. The move can help in noting down the positive values just within the given community, and also the efforts that can assist in determining the issues which are faced as well as the solutions to these problems. However, this can significantly shape our understanding of the health issues in a more significant depth as well as the meaning within the context of cultures. According to (Collins, 2014) cultural health beliefs usually impacts how individuals feel and view their health as well as health promotions and mostly how they respond to certain information of healthcare interventions and lifestyle changes.
2. Describe how your prioritization of global health issues has been shaped by your personal experiences and feelings.
My prioritization of global healthcare has been influenced by the social factors which are majorly through social networks as well as the development of the government programs and mostly the legislation on global health issues (Bridges et 2014). Moreover, it's also essential to note that the media has played a vital role more so in shaping my prioritization of global health issues. It's evident through the defined organizational programs and also the access to agencies which are responsible for addressing the global issues. There is also the need for understanding the nature of the relations within a certain culture and also having little experience on the issues that affect society.
3. Often people know what they need to do to live a 'healthy' life, but they don't do it. Why? A key to reflecting on this question is to notice your first response, and then question it about what you are learning about social determinants of health and culture.
The social determinants of health usually influence the social relationships on how people make their health decisions as stated by Collins. Moreover, health, as well as the lifestyles of individuals in a given community, are primarily affected and influenced by a culture which explains how they view culture (Collins, 2014). Also, culture affects how individuals think, perceive, and think about their health and also it remains as the pillar of how people think, act and behave.
Online Activity 3
1. Do I assume a particular way of knowing about an issue, person or culture, based on what I have learned? What might be the problem? What thing might I need to unlearn? (Video slides 74-81)
My prioritization of the global issues is majorly influenced by the social factors through the social networks and also through the various developments of the government programs as well as the legislation on global health problems which is an aspect that majorly informs knowing (Bridges et al. 2014). Moreover, regarding of what have learned. I have mastered certain ways of understanding culture, people, and issues through various approaches. However, my failure to make links with the community and not necessarily knowing what I am doing serves a key indicator to for identifying an issue which according to me is an approach that needs to be unlearned.
2. What does Collins mean when he asked us to majorly focus our beginning any health promotion project by merely asking; what is this community doing well?
By merely starting any health promotion project through the identification of the positive elements which exists within the society as stated by Collins implies that the use of masters tools is not dismantling the master's house (Bridges et al. 2014). It will help significantly at the beginning with the positive which exists in the community while establishing essential programs in the community through escaping being a problem in addressing community problems.
3. in what ways do health professionals are involved as part of the problem when they show up to help?
As stated by Collins, the health professionals may become part of the problem when they are involved to directly help by not succeeding to notice and find some of the decisive element in our communities, an effort which requires a clear view of the totality of the experience in understanding the community (Bisits 2012). Also, every individual, community, gender, and society has certain positive elements which need to be highlighted on inner strength to inform the issues that our community faces. Moreover, failure by the health professionals to establish the positives attributes in the community may result in difficulties.
4. What difference does it make when the focus is on strengths to address problems for an individual, family or community?
Capitalizing on the strengths of a community to address problems plays a role in identifying enablers that may help to inform behavior as stated by Collins efforts that help in understanding the totality of the experience of a community to show the interest of what we want to become a part and how to address it adequately (Saini et al 2011). On the other hand, this engages the community and recognizing the need for determining the positive values within the community that is important for the process.
Online Activity 4
1. What evidence is there of interprofessional practice and collaboration in the two health promotion projects presented in the videos?
Both the Collins video shows specific evidence of collaboration as well as interprofessional practice. Since the shared understanding can be a great challenge as a result of different knowledge, background and ideas, both the teams show the importance of working together (Sain et al. 2011). In the first video, it indicates that many professional works together with the aim of offering workshop services hence the inter-professional practice is such integral as it helps solves many issues that could arise during the workshop on the spot. Moreover, the second indicates the evidence of collaboration, for instance, holding important meetings with different professions to identify an action that fosters problem handling.
2. Discuss how collaboration has assisted, or lack of collaboration has hindered each project and makes suggestions for change to collaboration to facilitate the success of the project.
Collaboration has since enabled the different professional to share the responsibilities which can help them to think outside the box. Hence, different professionals have different ideas on solving a specific problem as well as having those ideas together can enhance the approaches one can take when an issue arises (Wilcox et al. 2015). In the first video, workers are simply doing well and need to borrow some ideas from the second video for example; the workers can hold meetings frequently to enable them deliberately on the emerging issues and also share some ideas.
3. Discuss similarities and differences in the design and implementation of the two health promotion projects. How could each of the projects learn from the other?
The first video takes into account the idea of professionals sharing tasks and also working together. A good example is during a workshop whereby different workers take part in the workshop session. In the second video acknowledges the different vital capabilities of the workers and also a devised way of sharing the ideas through holding occasional meetings (Solar & Irwin 2010). Moreover, both videos recognize the value of teamwork and its applications. Also, there is the presence of holistic healthcare in both videos where the physical contact is highly encouraged by simply holding meetings as well as having coffee together.
4. What determinants of health are the projects targeting?
The first video of Collins is specifically t...
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