Today writing has become a common art among most academicians. Most scholars have been publishing their work. Published work is not only available in books but also, on the internet. Published sources have benefitted most researchers in expanding knowledge and doing further research. Students rely on research others and use it for their academic advancement. However, they are restricted to abuse of intellectual property. Users of already published information are required to use paraphrasing and quotation skills to overcome offenses related to intellectual theft and fraud. The researchers must appropriately attribute their work the source (Dhammi, Ish, and Rehan 1). In this paper, it is essential to discuss, paraphrasing and quoting. Additionally, it is essential to analyze different passages and find out whether they are plagiarized or not. Moreover, in the last part of this paper, I shall paraphrase the passage on steroids.
Definition of Paraphrasing
Paraphrasing involves presenting ideas of different authors using different words and structures of sentences. Writers must ensure that they write the sentences using their own words the writer must acknowledge the authors' ideas by citing the source after paraphrasing the original work (Goodwin 1).
The difference between Paraphrasing and Quoting
Writers may paraphrase or quote words to incorporate their work the author's ideas. Paraphrasing involves putting passage of an author into different words and changing the structure of the sentences. However, the writer should not add quotation marks However, in quoting; the researcher uses the words used by the author including the grammar, punctuation marks and spellings. The write must put quotations around the words to help the reader to know the begging and the end of the quote. Moreover, when using quotes, one must acknowledge the author (Goodwin 1).
The Importance of Providing Attribution after Conveying the Research Materials into Different Words
When we use another person's ideas and we fail to provide attribution we practice plagiarism. Plagiarism is considered as a form of stealing and frauding intellectual materials. Citation enables writers to acknowledge that the ideas they present belong specified authors. Plagiarism is considered as a form of dishonesty and infringement of ethics in the world of academics. Many institutions warm academicians against plagiarized and provide severe punishments to the culprits. Editors reject manuscripts that are plagiarized.
The paraphrased passage in question 6 the paragraph has not been plagiarized. This is because the writer has used completely different words that derive e the same meaning with the original sentences. Additionally, the writer has acknowledged the source of the words.
However, in the sixth question, the secondary adaption part has been plagiarized. The writer has changed the meaning of the original passage. Additionally, the writer has only reworded the ideas from the original text without citation. The writer has committed Mosaic plagiarism. According to Jawal (1), mosaic plagiarism occurs when a writer mixes his own words with another author's ideas. In the passage, the writer does not cite the source of his ideas.
The passage in question 7 has been plagiarized. This is because the writer write has provided the citations. However, the writer has appropriately changed the structure and words of the ideas of the original work of the author.
In question8 the passage has not been properly written and attributed. The writer has not quoted the words that have been copied from the original passage. Additionally, there are no citations on the copied words on the paragraph.
Question 9: Paraphrase the following paragraph
The Use of Anabolic Steroids in Sports
Women's bodies normally produce only a tiny amount of testosterone. The huge increase in testosterone these women received let them develop muscles much bigger than women typically can, even during intense weight training. Upper-body muscle mass generally translates into improved swimming times, and these women showed dramatically improved performance. The Chinese women's swim team in the Los Angeles Olympics tried the same strategy. Again, their upper body mass increased, and swimming times decreased.
Application of Anabolic Steroids in Athletes
Women have a small biological capacity to secrete testosterone. Insertion of testosterone hormones enhanced muscle development, bigger than it would have been during the gym sessions. The large muscles have improved the performance of the sportswomen especially those who practice in the swimming. The strategy is evident among the Chinese women swimming team who did not only enlarge their muscles but also, increased the swimming speed. (Kiesbye, 2007).
To sum it up, paraphrasing and quoting are essential skills to all writer and academicians. Students rely on published source for research and to gather new knowledge. Through paraphrasing and quoting, students can avoid plagiarism will is a serious offense in the academic world. The skills enable researchers to integrate their opinion with other ideas from different authors. In both, paraphrasing and quoting, the writer must attribute the ideas of authors. It is essential to create awareness among scientists and scholars about plagiarism to ensure that they do not violate copyright law.
Dhammi, Ish Kumar, and Rehan Ul Haq. "What is plagiarism and how to avoid it?." Indian journal of orthopedics 50.6 (2016): 581.
Goodwin, Jamie. "What's The Difference Between Quoting, Paraphrasing, And Summarizing? - Professional Writing". Professional Writing, 2019, https://magoosh.com/pro-writing/quoting-paraphrasing-and-summarizing/. Accessed 12 July 2019.
Jawad, Fatema. "Plagiarism and integrity in research." JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 63.11 (2013): 1446-1447.
Kiesbye, Stefan. Steroids. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Internet resource.
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