Paper Example on Erik Erikson's Theory

Paper Type:  Term paper
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1148 Words
Date:  2022-05-16


Concerning the general Erik Erikson theory of development, it is important to note that human life is determined by various factors which are identified to be contributing to the general behavior of individuals. Every human being possesses a personality which times can be identified to be associated with their genes. In everyday life, various circumstances pass unnoticed and are identified to be contributing to the general behavior of individuals. These events run from childhood to adulthood and that's generally how the theory of the development of early childhood development came to exist as it is explained by Erik Erickson. Technically, Erick Erickson is identified as one of the most popular theorists who existed in the twentieth century; with his Erik Erickson theory being one of the famous theory that is most talked about in the general theory of psychosocial development (Syed & McLean,2017). Focusing on the theory, it is identified to be describing some of the stages in which individuals are supposed to go through in life, with his theory being an inclusion of all of the nine stages altogether. However, the original theory incorporated only the eight stages of life with Erickson's wife making the focus on the ninth stage.

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Through Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, it forms part and parcel of human development with every stage taking place in an order that seems to be predetermined. Making focus on the first stage many things are in place to learn from with conflict and crisis forming a turning point in the life of any individual which is supposed to go through the process of reconciliation before one takes the next step of moving to the other level. It is important to note that if the conflict is handled in a good manner, the individual is identified to gain strength and ego so as to keep in line with the virtue. At this stage, in case the conflict is poorly handled then an individual is not only failing to build up a stronger virtue but either his or her ability to fulfill other later level is hindering the result diminishing psychosocial health or ego quality.

Dwelling on the First stage in Erickson's theory which is considered to trust vs mistrust, it is important to note that this stage is taking place at the infancy stage from the time of birth to a period of one-year-old (Knight,2017).Basically, the stage has a sole focus on trust, and it is identified as a level where one is hopeful about trust, not only to themselves but also to others in general. According, it is important the biological knowledge that an infant tends to gain trust at infancy stage where they grow to develop hope and start trusting since they incapable of doing anything to support their survival. in their daily life, they are viewed to be depending on other individuals to do something for them hence it is recognized as a stage in which they are growing to trust the caregivers and others, that others will be doing everything that they can to generally have their well-being taken care of. It is essential to have trust developed at infancy stage since it helps other individuals grow with the feeling of security as they are growing up.

One positive result that is achieved by an infant gaining serious trust in infancy is that is important since it offers a greater platform for individuals to develop and to generally grow with the feeling of safety and security in general. However, one negative result that would exist is that people will tend to be growing up with a general fear of the world.

Generally, we go through the general crisis of trust vs. mistrust at the infancy stage so as to attain the general virtue of hope. On the other hand, at the toddler stage, if the infant's emotional and physical needs are fulfilled in a caring and a generally consistent manner, he ends up growing with the knowledge that the caregiver or his mother can be trusted or counted on and come up with a trusting attitude on individuals (Greene,2017). In case the infant needs are not satisfied then the infant may end up transforming to be one of the fearful human beings and learns not trusting on individuals who are existing around him.

Some of the questions that keep coming on other individuals mind is that does this demonstrates that if one doesn't pick up their child whenever they cry will end up to develop a mistrust? In most cases ensuring that the infant's need is met doesn't mean that one will end up picking up whenever they cry or offering the infant what they want, whenever they call for it or even demonstrate the sign of wanting it. Notably, what is viewed to be more significant is the consistency that is put in place in meeting their general needs. However, an attitude of an absolute trust is dangerous and not desirable. On the other hand, being a middle-aged man with two children that are nine and ten years, one thing that has learned is that some of the parents who think that if one offers an infant with too much attention, they will end up getting spoiled are totally not true. However, when an infant cry, it is, as a result, the child needs something. Notably through this stage, when an infant cry, it as a result of the great need for something. What normally happens is that out of caregiving, that bond that is existing between a child and a parent is that bond that is making some of the later communication to effective(Illeris,2018).


It is important to note that spoiling is identified not to be a greater issue in infancy but generally in childhood. In most cases, over yielding to the demand of a child can end up coming up with a selfish and a spoiled child who gets it difficult to adapt to the general social expectation since they get used to managing things from their own means. In reference to Erik Erickson, a positive means of solving crisis for example trust vs mistrust ends up in a foundation for making progress to the next stage. Moreover, one cannot actually tell when a child is moving from one stage to the other next stage.


Greene, R. R. (2017). Eriksonian theory: A developmental approach to ego mastery. In Human behavior theory and social work practice (pp. 91-118). Routledge.

Illeris, K. (2018). An overview of the history of learning theory. European Journal of Education, 53(1), 86-101.

Knight, Z. G. (2017). A proposed model of psychodynamic psychotherapy linked to Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 24(5), 1047-1058.

Pound, L. (2017). How Children Learn-Book 1: From Montessori to Vygosky-Educational Theories and Approaches Made Easy (Vol. 1). Andrews UK Limited.

Syed, M., & McLean, K. C. (2017). Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development.

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