Essay Sample on National Museum of China: Revolution & History in Beijing

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1174 Words
Date:  2023-01-25


The National Museum of China is situated at the eastern side of Tiananmen Square and opposite the Great Hall of the People in the city of Beijing. The key reason for the museum is to create awareness and teach individuals about arts and the times past of China. The museum is controlled by a body known as the Ministry of Culture of the people's republic of China ("National Museum Of China, Revolution And History Museum, Beijing"). It is among the third biggest art museum in the globe in which it has a sixty-five thousand gallery space in it. The museum officially opened its doors to visitors in 1959. However, the museum was well-known in the year 2003 after the two the Great hall of the People was joined together with the museum in which since then has been one of the most visited museums globally.

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History of the National Museum of China

The construction of the arts center took place in 1912 in which it developed from the National History Museum to the pace of Beijing known as Guozijian. The museum later was transferred to Women which is popularly known as Meridian Gate and later to Duanmen famously known as the Upright Gate found in the Forbidden City. After the People's Republic of China was formed, the government later decided of constructing a new museum which was to be located to the east on the side of Tiananmen Square in 1958 ("National Museum Of China, Revolution And History Museum, Beijing"). This later led to the birth of the Museum.

The Museum was constructed on the grounds of the initial Museum of Chinese History and the initial Museum of the Chinese Revolution ("National Museum Of China, Revolution And History Museum, Beijing"). The National Museum was later established from the National History Museum which was built in the year 1912. The Museum of Chinese Revolution developed out of the preparatory office of the central Revolution Museum, which was established in the year 1950 ("National Museum Of China, Revolution And History Museum, Beijing"). The preparatory office was eradicated in the year 1960 when the Museum of the Chinese revolution was unveiled and was later opened in the year 1961 in July.

During the year 1969, both the Exhibition hall of the Chinese revolution and the Museum of Chinese history were merged to form the Revolution and History Museum of China. However, in the later year of the 1980s, the two museums later went back to their initial buildings. In the year 2007, after its inauguration in the year 2003, the museum was closed down to pave the way for its renovation in which it was reestablished again in the year 2011. After the renovation, the Museum was double the size of the initial museum. The displays presented after the reopening were subject to the road to transformation once it's reopening in which it marked the party of the 60th birthday of the People's Republic of China in the year 2009 as its initial display in the new National Museum of China.

Important Artifacts in the National Museum of China

Si Mu Wu Ding

Si Mu Wu Ding is one of the artifacts found in the Museum It is a cooking vessel which was found by the farmers around Anyang village in the 1400-1100 BC in the year 1939 from the Shang Dynasty. The cooking vessel is importantly known for its weight in which carries the honor of being the heaviest bronze to be discovered weighing 832.84 kg. The vessel was later dedicated to king Zujia of the Shang Dynasty with the purpose of offering sacrifices to his mother (Wang).

Si Yang Fang Zun

Si Yang Fang Zun is another bronze artifact also found in the museum. It is a bronze wine cup which was also discovered in the late Shang Dynasty. This Bronze cup was discovered in a village known as Yueshanpu in the year 1938 (Wang). It is importantly known for its carved features of having goat heads in which it represents the enormous wealth and also eminent status.

Tang Sai Cai

Tang Sai Cai is an artifact in pottery form of a musician or a dancer riding on a camel. It is dated back in 618-907 AD from the Tang Dynasty. It was however discovered in the year 1957 in Xi'an. It is significantly known for its reflection of the economic and cultural exchange of China with the foreign states and the minorities during the Dynasty of Tang.

Jin Lu Yu Yi

Jin Lu Yu Yi is an ancient artifact which is stitched with threads of gold. It is well known for being in existence for over 2,000 years. It is significantly known from its owner who was Liu Sheng in which it is usually comprised of 2,498 pieces of jade and have a thread weight of more than one kilogram and having taken more than two years to be completed by one hundred craftsmen. It was discovered in the year 1968.

Hongshan Jade Dragon

This is the artifact, which is referred to as the Dragon of China in the National Museum of China. It has carried down its history for over 8,000 years. It was discovered in the Hongshan mountain. It is importantly known for its features such as having a body which is curly and having its mouth high and its hair dancing with the wind (Wang). The artifact is also a reflection of the jade art development pea of the jade of Chia in the simple society.

Consideration of People/Culture on the Importance of Locations of Artifacts

Most of the artifacts found in the National Museum of China were unearthed by people in the 19th century. Most of these artifacts were commonly used in the ancient dynasties such as the Shang Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty. Since the discovery of these artifacts, there has been representation significance of the artifacts to the nation of China by people and also different cultures related to the artifacts.

Some of the significant representation of these artifacts from their origin regarding people include artifacts such as the Si Yang Fan Zun which represents the enormous wealth and renowned status of the Dynasty of Shang from where it originally came from. The Sai Cai Qi is also an artifact which shows a representation of the economic and cultural exchanges of China with other states and also the minorities during the Dynasty of Tang as it was its origin (Liu).

These artifacts were all symbols of power from the different dynasties from which they came from. The most important thing that I found from their location is the way the artifacts brought the people of the different Dynasties together as the artifacts had different meanings in references from the Dynasties in which the artifacts belonged to.

Work Cited

Wang, Peter. "Top 10 Treasures Of National Museum Of China". China Whisper, 2019,

Liu, Xinru. "Ancient India and Ancient China." Trade and Religious Exchanges AD 1 (1988): 600. Retrieved from

"National Museum Of China, Revolution And History Museum, Beijing". Travelchinaguide.Com, 2019,

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