The United States of America came up with a controversial military strategy to curb the spread of communist ideologies across continents. Therefore, they devised a completely new technology that the Japan government was not conversant within a bid to portray its military superiority over the Soviet Union as well as call off the Second World War. Again, a limitation in Truman's options in the event of the war fueled the urge to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki even further. The explosion triggered by the bombing resulted in huge loss of lives and sicknesses that are inflicted by radiation beside massive damage of property and cities (Walker,2009.) However, Justifications of bombing Hiroshima and Nagasaki remains a bone of contention. The paper is an analysis of the justifications put forward to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Firstly, the Atomic bomb aided in an unexpected call off of the Second World War. Therefore, an end to the suffering of millions of people of both American and Japan descent as it caused a quick surrender to of the Japanese. The bombing was necessary since there was an urgent need for a powerful weapon that would cause a quick surrender of the Japanese (Engdahl,2011). As such, thousands of lives of the Japanese and Americans lives which would have been lost in the event of the continued war were saved. For this reason, the bombing saved more lives than it took. Although deliberate killings of innocent civilians go against the principles of just war, the immediate deaths caused are relatively more than the lives saved by ending the war. Bomb developed at Hiroshima, the second one at Nagasaki made it develop a feeling that in case they continued with the war the entire nation would be completely destroyed. Ironically, war is perceived as an inhuman act, and the same are nuclear bombs, but they led to the ultimate end of the Second World War. Therefore, Emperor Hirohito of Japan was moved by the destruction caused by the bombs and they also feared that the United Nations might be having more bombs in store hence calling for an end of the war. Millions of people held captive by the Japanese oppressors were also freed. Ending the war implied that Invasions had to be curtailed and thus ushering in a new era of peace (Selden, 2015).
The bombing can be justified as it prompted global disarmament programs. The programs prompted many states to start advocating for nuclear disarmament. Weapons tailored for mass destruction had already revealed to the world how devastating they could be. As a result, public campaigns were conducted calling for disarmament, and international federations were formed in a bid to curb nuclear weapons (Selden, 2015). As a result, a series of treaties were signed as well as sanctions being placed on nations in an attempt to ban the devastating outcomes of an atomic bomb. The movements against the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction have in turn promoted global peace federations. Today, the campaign against weapons of mass destruction prevails and has enabled the recent efforts of disarming North Korea.
The bombing also caused an advancement in warfare technology. For instance, more developments were witnessed in weaponry technology. Scientist realized that the creation of atomic weapons is possible as they realized that the chemical breakdown of atoms of uranium would result in an atomic bomb. For that reason technology on weapons of massive destruction has widely been studied prompting to improvements in the technology of detectives. Again within a while, Japan developed an interest in learning about the nuclear bomb that devastated its cities and needed to acquire it also. The urge of Japan processing superior arms and nuclear bomb expertise fueled to an arms race.
The bombing can be termed as a violation of the principles of a just war. The sense that, the state of affairs as at that time called for a weapon that would attack the means of production as well as the transportation network makes it justifiable. (Selden, 2015). As such, there was a need to attack the roads, railway lines, shipyards as well as bridges. The facilities are arguably available in cities, and therefore, Hiroshima and Nagasaki were potential points of interest. To paralyze the economies that supplied military support to Japan the United States of America organized the bombing to these cities resulting to a complete wipe off of the military and industrial targets that reinforced the reiterating capacity of the Japanese both overseas and at home. Invading the legitimate military targets of Japan meant an end in the war.
The nuclear bomb is also justifiable as it resulted in a stop of the Soviet Union from pressing demands on Europe. When all troops left Berlin, the Soviet Union started acquiring adequate space which was termed as the iron curtain and which would take decades to fall. The Soviet Union relied heavily on Japan for military expertise. However, the devastating impact of the atomic bomb led to an instant stoppage of any ambitions of the Soviet Union prompted the Russians to back down from the demands of being involved in the Pacific theater. The nuclear bomb altered the nature of American politics as well as posing a huge influencing the direction that the cold war assumed.
In conclusion, the idea of dropping the bomb was justified as it performed the task it was designed for. The main task being that of creating better results for both Japan and America. According to the United States of America, the bomb was the best alternative that would yield maximum social benefit. Bombing proved to be less costly and would result in little immediate damages than it would in the long run. The United States saw it that a conventional war would lead to more loss of lives, unlike the nuclear bomb. The bomb as a choice was therefore only the best alternative as at that moment. However, dropping the second one at Nagasaki lost its justifiability. The devastating impact of the incident at Hiroshima ought to have laid a platform for Truman to understand that Japan was indeed not far from giving in. Consequently, the bombing japans cities was a way of avenging the American's fallen soldiers and controlling the USSR. The effectiveness of the strategy to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki was aided by the continued era of geopolitics and revenge. The bombing also came alongside a warning to Japan to give in, but it was declined (Rotter, 2008). To enforce the Japanese surrender, therefore, the United States of America dropped the bomb. On the other hand, the United States of America should have given japan adequate time to surrender in a bid to quell the impact of the bombing.
Engdahl, S. (2011). The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York, NY: Greenhaven Publishing LLC.
Rotter, A. J. (2008). Hiroshima: The World's Bomb. Oxford, England: OUP Oxford.
Selden, K. I. (2015). The Atomic Bomb: Voices from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. doi:10.4324/9781315700236
Walker, J. S. (2009). Prompt and Utter Destruction: Truman and the Use of Atomic Bombs against Japan. Sydney, Australia: ReadHowYouWant.com.
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