The study sought to find out the extent to which academic Achievement of Key Stage three male students in an International School about self-concept and parental encouragement. The method that was used for the study was the descriptive survey research method, and the sample consisted of three international school male students who were selected at random using the random sampling technique. There was the development of the three-dimensional inventory of the behaviours of the students which was designed in 2009 according to Dr. Rastogi and Mukta Rani which were used by Harden Ojha and there was a finding that was made from the research and the research revealed that; There is a relationship that is significant between the self-concept and the academic achievement Key Stage 3 and also their academic performance examination marks of students obtained by them in annual examination of one previous class were indicated from the school records. The study has a number of objectives which will seek to reveal:
To what extent there is the relationship between self-concept and academic achievement of secondary school male students.
To what extent there is the relationship between self-concept and academic achievement of secondary school female students.
To what extent there is a relationship between fathers encouragement and academic achievement of secondary school male students.
To what extent there is a relationship between fathers encouragement and academic achievement of international school female students.
To what extent there is a relationship between mothers encouragement and academic achievement of International school male students
To what extent there is a relationship between mothers encouragement and academic achievement of secondary school female students.
Key words: Self-concept, Achievements motivation, academic achievement, Location and Management
The purpose of this research is to determine whether or not (and to what extent) significant relationships exist between Key Stage 3 male students academic achievement about self-concept and parental encouragement of UAE secondary international schools. The primary focus of the research is the necessity of parental involvement in the education life of a child and the impact of the parents involvement is determined through meta-analysis and also identifying the aspect of parental involvement that helps the student education and the components o involvement that are most crucial.
Education is paramount in any country as the educated human resource is an asset for any country and it is better to develop the human resource that a country will need from early stages of the new generation. Children can be set to develop realistic aspirations which pertain their lives. Academic achievement and the development of human resource in the children is the major aim of this research. There other things like self-concept and achievement motivation which are psycho-social variables which to a great extent affect the academic achievements of students.
Self-concept is the perception of an individual or how an individual view himself. This includes the perceptions, beliefs, feelings, and the students perception of his or her abilities and the status of the students in the outer world. Things like the appearance of an individual, physical appearance, dress, and grooming. The students with good self-concept accept other more as compared to the students with bad self-concept. The difference between self-concept of an individual and the actual experiences may lead to anxiety which may, in turn, lead to mental disorder. Achievement motivation is the attitude of an individual or a student to achieve rather than the achievements themselves and the achievements that a child makes academically is an index of the future of the child in the highly competitive world, and the achievement that a child makes academically is crucial in the educational process.
Delimitation of the Study
The sample for the study was confined to 4 students studying in an international school, and there were two males and two female students to allow comparison.
1. What evidence of the relationship between self-concept and academic achievement in UAE secondary school between male and female students?
2. What evidence is there of the relationship between parental encouragement and academic achievement of UAE international secondary school males and females?
Main research questions
1. Is there the significant relationship between self-concept and academic achievement of UAE international secondary school male students?
2. Is there a significant relationship between parents encouragement and academic achievement of UAE international secondary schools?
3. Do UAE students value education?
4. Do students value academic certification or achievements?
5. Is there a need to gain qualifications for male students that live in the UAE?
6. What is the particular influence of specific aspects of parental involvement?
7. Do the parental involvements programs work?
8. Which aspect of parental involvement that has the greatest impact on academic achievement?
The research is designed to assist the students to succeed in life. I have 25 years teaching experience and have always been at the forefront managing challenging situations especially that required more of one-to-one to stimulate student learning; I learned how to develop strategies to scaffold the learning so that students can access the curriculum more easily and effectively. This research will hopefully include a purposive sample that allows me to select the sample according to pre-set criteria that fit the selected sample. The two male and two female will be interviewed. This research will be done as we are currently facing problems with UAE students as our data shows that Emirati students are not at the same level as other nationals who are in our school.
However, I am interested to know whether this is just because the activities provided conforms with their learning ability, whether teachers have already had an underlying pre-concept to deter learning or even whether it is pure to the culture context in the school is situated. These are factors that could be explored during my study. It might also be that there are mixtures of factors for individual purpose. At this point, I am not sure as there is various research from outside the UAE that have various concepts about the topic.
The sample of the research will be drawn from one international secondary school in Al Ain Abu Dhabi where I am currently a resident. The sample will consist of 4 Key Stage 3 secondary UAE local students (2 boys and two girls for comparison reasons) using purposive sampling as the sample is selected by the research followed by a semi-structure interview with all participants (Both students and parents). I will allow the interviewees to have ample time so that they could converse freely during the interview sessions so that they feel comfortable. At the beginning of the interview session, the interviewees will be asked about their lives so that I will allow the participant to be more analytical later on throughout the interview. For the students, a specific profile will be used which allows the researcher to establish who will be chosen for the sample. The semi-structural interview will be used with the students. Consent forms will be sent to both the company involved in the study and also parents to acquire permission for both interviews. NVivo will be used to analysis the data.
Taking part in the research
Using purposive sampling as the sample is selected by the research followed by a semi-structure interview with all participants (Both students and parents). The interview will be 35min long, tape recorded but the actual time allocated is 1 hour due to any in corruptions held in an enclosed office at the school. I will allow the interviewees to have ample time so that they could converse freely during the interview sessions so that they feel comfortable. At the beginning of the interview session, the interviewees will be asked about their lives so that I will allow the participant to be more analytical later on throughout the interview. Questions such as:
Method of Study
The normative survey method was used in the present research to draw valid general conclusive from the facts discovered. The method was meant about what exists at present by determining the nature and degree of existent conditions. Hence the design was an export factor.
The sample for the investigation comprises 2 boys and 2 girls of class international school. The stratified random sampling procedure has been adopted for the investigation.
Two standardized tools have been used in the present investigation for determining the performance of the responses of the predicting variables. The criterion variable is the academic achievement. The instruments used for the predicting variables are childrens Self
The Concept scale of Ahluwalia (1986) and Achievement motivation scale of Bhargava (1994) will be used. For criterion measure, the students academic achievement in their former class examination was considered.
Techniques of Analysis:
Techniques of analysis for the present investigation include techniques for collection of data, scoring, interpretation of scores about the objectives stated and hypotheses formulated. A collection of data in regards to the two predicting variables was done through administration of relevant tools in the form of questionnaires and interview. Responses were collected in independent answer sheets and audio tapes. Some of the questions that the parents will be asked include;
1. Are your children happy at school?
2. Which is your childs favourite subject?
3. What subject would you prefer to have your child study? Why?
4. What is the highest academic achievement in your family?
I will then the independence of between self-concept and academic achievement
Correlation between self-concept and academic achievements Correlation between parents and academic achievements Conclusion
In conclusion, I intend to find out the significance of difference that I will observe among the four students who are my sample space and find out the Self-concept is an important attribute and a key to understanding the behaviour of individual children. Self-concept develops and gradually emerges. The child's self-concept is to a large extent the product of a child's experience at home and more widely, it develops greatly
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