Research Paper on Social Effects of Urban Planning

Paper Type:  Research paper
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1286 Words
Date:  2022-06-05


According to Gomez et al. (235-245), urban planning entails a technical and political process which focuses on development and proper design of the urban setup. It is imperative to note that the urban planning helps organize the infrastructure located in the urban areas to cater for the higher human population in the urban environments. The design in the cities involves the transportation, distribution networks, communication, and the general public welfare. On the other hand the urban planning also deals with the social housing and settlement which is a major challenge in the urban areas. Notably the major aim of the urban planning is to protect the exploitation of the environment as well as maintenance of the social-cultural activities.

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Imperatively, the improper social planning in the urban centers has dramatically increased the ultimate level of illiteracy; this has been registered though research analysis which reveals the massive contribution of the level of illiteracy to the regional human capital. However, the higher population in the urban centers calls for a well-structured system of education, where the where the learning institutions are made available to cater for the rising population. It is important to note that the literate people are` often easy to train and therefore have higher socioeconomic status as compared to the illiterate counterparts. They tend to enjoy better employment opportunities which are a key facilitator to the economic stability in a given region. The sustainable development and the higher mobility supported by the relevant skills and knowledge acquired through learning. It is, therefore, an essential mandate of the planners to immensely employ the appropriate strategies in the planning and general designing to avail the required facilities which can support the higher population which yawns for education in the urban settings.

On the other hand, (Alberti168-192) affirms that the poor urban planning put a lot of pressure in the higher population on the scarce resources available thus rendering the entire community in the health challenges. Imperatively, the following health problem such as the constant outbreak of diseases is because the city planning has a poor drainage and sewage system which exposes raw sewage which propagates the speed in which the individuals contract the disease in the environment. Additionally, the pressures mounted on the little available resources in the urban centers by the higher population allow the population experiences acute food shortage derailing the entire population. The inability of the urban planner to fully equip the urban settings with enough food reservoirs renders the higher community to develop malnutrition and food-related disease. The overall implication is a total reduction in the entire population.

The incapability of the urban planners to avail all the social security measures to cater for the periodic urbanization has significantly lead to the upcoming criminal activities in the urban environments. The increasing criminal organization which causes terror and damages of properties and loss of lives is the problem that has been brought majorly by the poor planning and inappropriate designing in the entire urban settings (Alberti168-192). On the same account the poor planning often experienced in the urban environments doesn't provide the required employment opportunities to cater for the increasing population. It is clear that the higher community requires the source of income which lies on the appropriate planning of the city operation, the inability of the city planners to fully implement the recommendation on the social effects of city planning, has an ultimate contribution into the massive unemployment in the urban settings.

The urban planning involves effective designing of the activities in the city to help ease the social, cultural problems rampant in the urban areas. However, the metropolitan plan itself exposes the entire urban community into several societal problems. Such effects include appropriate designing of the housing which does not concur with the rising number of people in the urban centers. The higher population in the urban center interacts with the environment through the consumption of the social amenities such as water, land, energy, and food. The higher rate of waste in the urban center's interns results into immense pollution in the environment which affects the health and quality of life of the urban population (Gomez et al. 235-245).

According to Chace et al. (46-69), the city planners usually fall short of the required standards in the overall planning and designing of the city activities. Causes an acute sanitation problem which affects the health status of the entire population, the low level of access to water in the urban slums and the poor service quality which is due to lack of water reservoir due to seasonal and regional water scarcity pose difficulties to the access to the source of water. The higher percentages of water used in a unit of time are higher than the amount the planner's reserve in the design plan. This intern causes the water scarcity resulting into the outbreak water-related disease in the densely populated urban slums. This lack of continuity in the water supply results in poor sanitation causing health complications in the long run (Chace et al. 46-69).

Significantly, Bowler et al. (147-155) stated that the poor planning in the urban slums had been linked to the enormous global warming which poses a severe threat in the lives of both plants and animals in the society. Notably, the acute changes in the climate as result of the global warming often affects the health status of various individuals in the urban slums. The effects of global warming on the health status of individuals in the urban areas is a common problem through a direct acting effect of the heat waves, air pollution and the general ecological relationship of organisms in the entire metropolitan setting. Alternatively, the global warming caused by the inefficient planning on the best appropriate way to dispose of the waste materials emit the carbon-related gases responsible for the depleting the ozone layer. This immense variation in the weather conditions causes enormous health problems such as diarrhea diseases and some other related infectious diseases Bowler, et al. (147-155)

Long et al. (536-544) affirms that Poverty in the urban slums is caused by the poor planning of the necessary infrastructures to provide the needed source of employment to the demanding population in the urban areas. The absolute poverty registered is a condition usually associated with lack of basic human needs such as clean drinking water, proper sanitation facilities adequate education and information. The ultimate result of the poor planning of the city resources subjects the entire population an extreme condition of poverty accompanied by diseases, illiteracy, and malnutrition leading to low life expectancy.


In conclusion, the urban planning is a right approach to dealing with the immense social problems which affect most people in the urban areas. However, the poor planning also subject the entire population to the socio-cultural complications such as absolute poverty, poor sanitation which causes the health risks, and the massive global warming. On the same account, the higher population creates the urban slums which enforce enormous settlement problems which act as a source of all social-cultural issues in the urban areas.

Works Cited

Alberti, Marina. "The effects of urban patterns on ecosystem function." International regional science review 28.2 (2005): 168-192.

Bowler, Diana E., et al. "Urban greening to cool towns and cities: A systematic review of the empirical evidence." Landscape and urban planning 97.3 (2010): 147-155.

Gomez-Baggethun, Erik, and David N. Barton. "Classifying and valuing ecosystem services for urban planning." Ecological Economics 86 (2013): 235-245.

Chace, Jameson F., and John J. Walsh. "Urban effects on native avifauna: a review." Landscape and urban planning 74.1 (2006): 46-69.

Long, Hualon et al. "Effects of land use transitions due to rapid urbanization on ecosystem services: Implications for urban planning in the newly developing area of China." Habitat International 44 (2014): 536-544.

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