Research Paper Example on the Impact of Food Sources on Obesity Risks Among Adults and Children

Date:  2021-03-29 18:57:22
4 pages  (1210 words)
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University/College: 
Carnegie Mellon University
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Annotated bibliography
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This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Title: The Impact of Food Sources on Obesity risks among Adults and Children.

Thesis: From studies on obesity and its relation to various foods consumed, there is a high risk of being obese from the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and high-salt diets. However, the consumption of foods in high dietary fiber and whole grains reduces these risks immensely. This research thus seeks to provide more information to support the notion that, the consumption of plant foods and whole meals reduces obesity risks among individuals.

Introduction

a) The introduction defines key terms and gives the reader a general of the research paper. The author introduces the article by providing statistical evidence from various sources on the prevalence of obesity among children and adults. Additionally, the author creates a connection between the studies and the topic.

b) The author states the thesis statement: From studies on obesity and its relation to various foods consumed, there is a high risk of being obese from the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and high-salt diets. However, the consumption of foods in high dietary fiber and whole grains reduces these risks immensely. This research thus seeks to provide more information to support the notion that, the consumption of plant foods and whole meals reduces obesity risks among individuals.

c) The author also includes the keywords used in the research paper.

Background

a) Statistical evidence: This section aims at giving more details on cases of obesity in different countries and among both children and adults.

b) A detailed discussion of the consequences of obesity

Foods that contribute to obesity among individuals

a) Impact of sugar-sweetened beverages on obesity risks among people: This subheading gives a detailed discussion on the effects of the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages to obesity risks.

b) The impact of high-salt intake on obesity risks among individuals: This subheading discusses on how high salt in foods leads to obesity.

c) The connection between sugar-sweetened beverages, high-salt intake, and their impact on obesity risks: This section will provide detailed information on the relationship between the sugar-sweetened beverages and high-salt intake. Further, it will discuss how they contribute to high obesity levels among individuals.

Foods that reduce obesity levels among individuals

a) Sources of Foods that reduce obesity risks: This section will give examples of foods that reduce obesity risks among children and adults.

b) Scientific Study of how Plant nutrients and whole meals influence the body: This section will give detailed information about how plant food sources affect the insulin and glucose levels in the body, which reduces obesity risks.

c) Food combinations: In addition to eating healthy foods, it is essential to have adequate information on how to combine different foods to maximize their benefits to the body. Furthermore, the body processes different foods differently. Additionally, food portions are an important aspect to consider under this section. A detailed discussion on how best to consume food sources is relevant to the reduction in obesity risks among adults and children.

Conclusion and Recommendations

a) Restatement of the thesis statement

b) The author summarizes all the important points from the study and shows how they support the thesis statement.

c) The author then gives recommendations: Particularly, this research recommends that individuals consume foods rich in dietary fiber to reduce obesity risks.

Annotated Bibliography

Bhathena, S. J., & Velasquez, M. T. (2002). Beneficial role of dietary phytoestrogens in obesity and diabetes. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 76(6), 1191-1201.

In this article, Bhathena and Velasquez try to discuss the role of phytoestrogens in reducing obesity and diabetes. According to the article, phytoestrogens are a combination of biologically active plant substances that contain a chemical structure identical to that of estradiol. Following nutritional intervention studies done on humans, it shows that the ingestion of soy protein linked to isoflavones and flaxseed rich in ligans increases glucose control and insulin resistance in the body. Particularly, Bhathena and Velasquez claim that studies show that soy proteins appear to moderate hyperglycemia and decline body weight, hyperlipidemia, and hyperinsulinema, which supports its beneficial impact on obesity and diabetes. However, the authors claim that it is not yet clear whether these beneficial effects are due to isoflavones, ligans or some other components. Furthermore, the diversity of cellular actions of these elements supports their beneficial effects on diabetes. Therefore, Bhathena and Velasquez call for further research to evaluate the long-term effects of phytoestrogens on obesity.

Brauchla, M., Juan, W., Story, J., & Kranz, S. (2012). Sources of dietary fiber and the association of fiber intake with childhood obesity risk (in 218-year-olds) and diabetes risk of adolescents 1218-year-olds: NHANES 20032006. Journal of nutrition and metabolism, 2012.

In this article, Brauchla, Juan, Story and Kranz provide adequate evidence that supports that the consumption of dietary fiber lowers the risk of obesity in adults. They argue that, obesity in children results from resistance in insulin, which disrupts glucose metabolism and eventually resulting in obesity and diabetes. According to the information the authors provide, results of research done from 1980 to 2010 supports that increased fiber intake reduces blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin in adults. Additionally, more studies show that increased psyllium consumption results in improved glucose metabolism. However, the authors argue that the research results are inconsistent due to the different effects of soluble and insoluble fiber. Notably, the current research suggests that cereal fiber and whole-grain intake decreases the risk if obesity and diabetes. The authors support this data by conducting further research that indicates that the consumption of cereal fiber and whole grains raise insulin sensitivity in overweight and obese individuals.

Grimes, C. A., Riddell, L. J., Campbell, K. J., & Nowson, C. A. (2013). Dietary salt intake, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, and obesity risk. Pediatrics, 131(1), 14-21.

The objective of this article is to determine the effect of the consumption of dietary salt, fluids, and sugar-sweetened beverage on weight status in Australian children between 2 and 16 years. Grimes, Riddell, Campbell and Nowson insist that it is a known fact that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes significantly to childhood obesity. They argue that, since dietary salt intake is a determinant of fluid consumption in adults, a diet in high levels of salt may predict the increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, which increases obesity risks. After their research, the authors linked the amount of salt intake among the Australian children to fluid intake, and they managed to predict the amount of sugar-sweetened beverage consumed. They then associated the sugar-sweetened beverage with obesity risk, which indicated a potential connection between salt consumption and childhood obesity.

Hu, F. B. (2013). Resolved: there is sufficient scientific evidence that decreasing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption will reduce the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related diseases. Obesity Reviews, 14(8), 606-619.

In this article, Hu argues that obesity has become a global pandemic. He supports this claim with current and projected statistics. According to him, sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are the single largest sources of added sugar and the top source of energy intake in the United States population diet. Therefore, Hu conducts a research to determine if a decrease in the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages can reduce the prevalence of obesity and its related illnesses. He reviews prospective cohort studies and evaluates randomized clinical trials (RCTs). According to Hus findings, there is a direct relationship between sugar-sweetened beverages consumption and long-term weight gain. Additionally, he proved that a decreased intake of added sugars reduces body weight significantly.

 

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