The numerous Chinese revolutions between the 1920s and 1960s are not without misconceptions. There have been reforms in China that have shaped the economy and the culture of the people of China. The post-Mao Era, Cultural Revolution and the leap forward are historical moments of China. The numerous revolutions in China had both negative and positive ima pacts in the country. Mao's development strategy of triggering a subsequent revolution in China was backed by a mass of peasant's farmers in the country. The revolution programs in China were brought about significant hardship in the country. The hardship was more in the rural areas of China as compared to the urban areas. The purpose of this essay is to explain reasons behind Mao's revolutions, and the continuities if find in Mao's writings between the 1920s and the 1960s.
Why Did Mao Focus on Shifts?
Mao Zedong was a communist and advocated for movements that facilitated communism. The communist party of China came under the full control of Mao Zedong in 1927. Once Mao Zedong took full control of the communist party of China, he triggered several revolutions to bring real development in China. Therefore, the first reason for shifts in China during the era of Mao Zedong was trigger change in the country. It is apparent, the Mao Zedong administration was following soviet as their role model. The Soviet Union was popular for promoting peasant farmers and investing in heavy industries (Mao, 1919).The era of Mao Zedong was also aiming at introducing industrialization and investing in peasant farming. Mao was fond of copying styles of revolutions from another economist of the era. For example, after the split of Soviet in the 1950s, Mao triggered revolution through developing Maoism and the splitting of Marxism-Leninism. Mao did not like the peaceful coexistence between the capitalist and communist in the Soviet Union. As a reaction to peaceful coexistence between the communist and the capitalist, Mao initiated another form of revolution where he strengthened the communist culture in the country. Besides, Mao Instituted the Cultural Revolution and the great leap forward to give powers to the communist culture the more.
The individual revolution in China had reasons and vision that triggered the change. For example, the shift to leap forward was to trigger industrial developments in China. Moa Zedong had an intention to transform China and make it a better place for development. The change in the country during the era was a sign of development. The leaders of the era did not want to remain behind other countries in the development and therefore any development agenda in one country was copied by other countries (Mao, 1919). Though the developments brought by the revolutions in China were beneficial, there were unavoidable negative impacts on the populations. For example, the great leap forward resulted in deaths of many Chinese because of starvations.
Moa initiated the Cultural Revolution in China to overthrow the enemies. The revolution was good for the people of China through the country had to lose the lives of many people because of persecutions. It is apparent from the history of the Chinese government that the present leaders aimed at changing the country to be a better place than they found. For example, after the death of Mao, the succeeding president brought the idea of socialism to oppose the communism triggered by the predecessor. The aims of every Chinese president are to bring change and to bring success from the previous regime. From the example, in the 1940s during there was a need for enough food the increasing the Chinese population (Kau et al., 230. As a result, the president advocated for the great leap forward facilitating the issues of irrigation projects to increase the yields. There was an increase in the food consumptions in the region because of the population pressure and therefore the need for a project that facilitates the increase the food productions in the country.
The constant shift in the Mao's regime was a response to the subsequent unrest in the country. The urban and the rural population of China were not satisfied with the food shortages that led to the server hunger in the country. There was also a great level of dissatisfactions in the country due to mismanagement of the government project coupled with harsh weather conditions in China. As a result, there was a need for better policies that would help in reducing the continuous unrest in the country of China.
Continuities in Mao's Writings
The continuity of reforms in the country of China was a result of peasant protest in the country. The harsh weather condition in rural China led to the shortages of the grain. The development policies in China did not favor the uniform development in the urban and the rural areas. As a result, the Mao regime had to advocate for reform to contain the constant protest in the region. The merge between the Chinese party and the Communist Party of China was signed on f continuity in reforms in the country. The relationship between the communist and the people of Chain was built through the successive process of trial and era. The many trial and era in the country of China was a stress for the popular support because there were many attempts of rectifications. The many attempts to bring s cohesive reforms led to the many reforms in the country.
The continuity found in the Mao is writing results from the future goals and the accomplishments. In this case, the farmers advocated for the creation of the irrigation projects to counteract the effect of the harsh weather in the region. In the past, there was team station that the farmers will shoot, and rebel against their leader because of the unequal developments in the country. For this reason, when the communist government resolved to invest in the irrigation projects, the community was supportive because it was to benefit the people in the future.
Many projects were not fully accomplished by the previous regime in China. As a result, the community was supportive to ensure completion of the previous projects in the country.
The sign of continuity in the Chinese reforms is the social climate in the country. The reforms in the Chinese system of government were catalyzed by the supportive citizens. It is apparent that during the Mao regime the college students, the high school students, and the army units were supportive to the farmers during the busy seasons. The unity of all the4 sectors of China's economy was a sign of continuity in China's reforms. The change in the regimes, one government to another in China is a sign of continuity.
Kau, Michael YM, Susan H. Marsh, and Michael Ying-mao Kau. China in the Era of Deng Xiaoping: A Decade of Reform: A Decade of Reform. Routledge, 2016.
Mao, Zedong, and Stuart Schram. "Mao's Road to Power: Revolutionary Writings, 1912-49: v. 5: Toward the Second United Front, January 1935-July 1937: Revolutionary Writings, 1912-49." (2017).
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