Hamlet Moral Responsibility and Truth - A Literary Essay

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1116 Words
Date:  2021-03-24


William Shakespeare created and wrote the play Hamlet in the late 16th century. The drama was set in Denmark, where the main character Prince Hamlet plans vengeance upon his uncle Claudius. The evils that Claudius did included murdering his brother and proceeded to inherit his brother's wife. Prince Hamlet had preceded his father King Hamlet who had reigned in the kingdom for quite some time. The play has had a significant influence on world writers where some of the prominent writers and playwrights such as Johan Wolfgang Goethe, Charles Dickens, and James Joyce have derived writing inspiration. The paper focuses on the motives and actions of Hamlet, aspects of justice, morality, honor, truth, redemption, speeches and its comparison to Laertes and Fortinbras.

Trust banner

Is your time best spent reading someone else’s essay? Get a 100% original essay FROM A CERTIFIED WRITER!

Hamlet character analysis

Firstly, the paper discusses the motives and actions of Prince Hamlet in the play. The key motivation to Hamlet and his plans of vengeance was nature. To start with, scholars and researchers argue that human behavior derives motivation from nature while nature, which comprises the nature and characteristics of human beings (Abedi, 2014). From the above perception, the writer used his expertise through deep analysis of human thinking to put it down to the characters. Through the writer's inspiration from Mother Nature, he realized a lot of information and aspects that he incorporated in the drama, making it very influential in the contemporary world. On the other hand, the writer relates and links actions effectively in the play. The actions of Hamlet, which consisted of the vengeance he felt towards his uncle Claudius, seem to come from a truly social context. Evils such as murder and wife inheritances are prominent vices around the globe. From such applicable contexts, the writer composed a well-structured play in an attempt to address such prominent issues.

Hamlet's actions are morally wrong. The reason behind this is that my uncle's actions were initially wrong. Although, the revenge aspect, which is one of Hamlet's main themes, is wrong as two wrongs do not combine and make a right. In the first scene of the play, it is evident of Claudius' evil deeds. Quoting from the first scene of the drama, after Claudius killed his brother King Hamlet, he proceeded to inherit his wife, Gertrude and take the throne (Graf, 2013). In modern society, such acts happen quite often. It is hurting, but other parameters such as well-scoped justice would be fair consequences other from personal vengeance from Prince Hamlet. Although such actions have deeper feelings and are a drive towards the protagonist's actions, he should have looked for another manner to solve the dispute. Although Claudius deserved some punishment to face consequences of his offenses, there would be other moral alternatives other than Prince Hamlet's actions.

However, Hamlet's character still has room for redemption. To start with, one cannot justify his actions as morally right. Although his father's death affected him greatly, it was an aspect that drove him to emotions, feelings, and thoughts of revenge. As a reference to the play, his uncle had the guts to murder his father and inherit his mother (Abedi, 2014). The perspective could give one a huge quest for revenge and lead one to carry out related actions to Prince Hamlet's actions. The aspects of redemption advent at this point, firstly, it was a desire to get off the evil nature of his uncle through the actions Hamlet equated to justice. The kind of redemption to his actions would be praying to ask for forgiveness and seeking reconciliation parameters to the supernatural being him, and the Denmark, what is the setting of Hamlet, society worshiped.

The theme of truth in Hamlet

As evident from the drama, the truth is a dangerous factor in society. The chief reason behind this is that according to human nature, it is quite hard to ingest truth and factual perspective of happenings, as human beings seem to be prone to flattery. Quoting from the play, Hamlet's friends meet a ghost that resembles the protagonist's father, although they are hesitant to tell the protagonist about it. That is evidence of the way people are hesitant to tell their friends the truth as most people react differently to factual matters (Kolenchery, 2015). About the global context, most people just enjoy flattery and people who tend to hide some information that would cause the emotions and feelings. Human nature regards the truth as dangerous as it propels masses to doing evil actions in some perspective without clear speculation on issues.

Compare and contrast Hamlet and Laertes

Prince Hamlet shows heroism quite effectively in comparison to Laertes in Hamlet and Fortinbras. The reason behind this is despite his actions, he still took the throne from his vicious uncle and executed plans and actions to avenge his fathers death. On the other hand, Laertes the son of Polonius is also heroic to some extent. Both Hamlet and Laertes aimed at avenging the deaths of their fathers (Kolenchery, 2015). Laertes was to poison Hamlet as vengeance because Hamlet had mistakenly killed his father, where he never succeeded. What makes Hamlet heroic is his success and calculated plans of actions towards Claudius, which makes Laertes less of a hero. Who is Fortinbras in Hamlet? Fortinbras was a prince in the Norwegian kingdom. Although the kingdom was subordinate to Denmark's kingdom as Denmark had won over Norway. What about the Fortinbras and Hamlet comparison, since the kingdom of Norway was subordinate to Denmark, it made Prince Fortinbras less of a hero as compared to Hamlet. For the above reasons, Hamlet dominates being a hero over Laertes and Fortinbras in the perspective of heroism.

Ophelia: Hamlet character analysis

Ophelia in Hamlet was not much of a hero. However, she played a critical role, as she was the daughter of Polonius. Her father refrained from marrying Hamlet at first. Her brother also sways her from the idea through showing her the demerits of seeking for the attention of the prince. However, a good number of feminist criticizers argue out that her role was marginalized as she a female in the play. However, she was a good character, and she contributed well to making the play a success.


To sum up, the play was enjoyable and creative, which were milestone factors that made the play one of the most influential in the society as it depicts aspects experienced on a societal viewpoint.


Abedi, H. and Pourkalhor, O. (2014). Revisiting Shakespeare: A Study of Human Nature in Hamlet and Macbeth. International Journal of English Literature and Culture. Pp. 1-8.

Kolenchery, G. (2015). Procrastination: A Psychological Disorder in Hamlet's Character? Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL) Pp. 1-3.

Graf, E. (2013). Gertrude's Role in Hamlet. Eastern Michigan University. Pp. 1-49.

Cite this page

Hamlet Moral Responsibility and Truth - A Literary Essay. (2021, Mar 24). Retrieved from https://proessays.net/essays/hamlet-moral-responsibility-and-truth-a-literary-essay

Free essays can be submitted by anyone,

so we do not vouch for their quality

Want a quality guarantee?
Order from one of our vetted writers instead

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the ProEssays website, please click below to request its removal:

didn't find image

Liked this essay sample but need an original one?

Hire a professional with VAST experience and 25% off!

24/7 online support

NO plagiarism