Understanding interpersonal relationships need one to bring out various aspects of social connectedness. Social representation of people gives them their position in the socialization lineages and classifications. In the Ottoman Empire between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries emanates from the Turkish tribes from Anatolia community. The establishment of the empire was during an age of reason thus there was vivid evidence of social hierarchy among the people of different socio-economic status. People in the Ottoman Empire during this era applied critical sense on the social representation and explaining humanity using social hierarchy. On the other hand, in Jean Baptiste Poquelin Moliere's play, Tartuffe brings out the aspects of social hierarchy to show the various ways people have an unequal share of human characterization based on social stratification. The script play is depicted through the main character, the ruler. The Tartuffe shows social hierarchy in the family lineage which has brought an officer of the lord back to fulfill Orgon absent. In any case, in the protagonist, Tartuffe's, endeavor social hierarchy and class representation play a vital role in the justice system. This paper will seek to compare the elements of class, social hierarchy, and inequality in the Tartuffe and the Ottoman Empire.
In the development of the plot of Tartuffe, the protagonist struggles to persuade Orgon's capture, their differences in the social hierarchy and class stratification makes the Lord help Orgon; and contemplated that Tartuffe was the one to be charged and put to trial. Madam Pernelle discriminates her daughter in law and her grandchildren because she felt that they were from a lower social class and not fit for her son. She says "And you, his sister, seem so pure, So shy, so innocent, and so demure. But you know what they say about still waters. I pity parents with secretive daughters." (Moliere 1.1.11). Through the resentments, she was able to show her dissatisfaction with the type of people in her son's life showing social prejudice base on the social hierarchy. Madame Pernelle accuses her own granddaughter of being a liar and, perhaps some other less savory things. She presumes that she is guilty of something even though she clearly has no evidence.
Moliere efforts in employing class division, social stratification, and inequality in various ways different characters perceive each other makes the social standings on morality and ethics come out in the limelight. Moliere brings out inequality in the line of thought by the way he distinctively characterized different role players by the fathom of the situation postured by the play. As the play unfolds, there are actions by distinctive characters to utilize reason to persuade Orgon and his mother that Tartuffe isn't an enthusiastic and sincere person he depicts. For instance, Organ says "Under his tutelage, my soul's been freed, From earthly loves and every human tie: My mother, children, brother, and wife." (Moliere1.5.4). Furthermore, characterizing key role players on their nobility and correspondence to adhere to fundamental human rights, sheds light to the social classification of people in the society based on the positions Tartuffe and wealth possessed in the community.
Through social hierarchy, Moliere challenged numerous of the previous belief systems, one of which was numbness and showed inequality. Tartuffe embodies inequality characteristics through the character Dorine to show the elements of social hierarchy. Dorine is Mariane's lady-maid, in other words, somebody with a low social standing since she may be a part of the working lesson. Apparently, Dorine is termed insensible because of her position in low social status. Within the story, she is much more intelligent than Orgon conjointly a parcel more sensible. This appears that it does not matter what social lesson one comes from to decide their level of insights. Her closeness and acknowledgment by the family, with the special case of Orgon, appears that individuals can be seen for their possession of worth and esteem against the odds of inequality and social hierarchy. Dorine is somebody from a lower social standing than the family, but however, is able to socialize and get to know the family she works for better.
Throughout the play, social hierarchy is exceptionally clear when Moliere was depicting how an individual can permit sentiments such as feel sorry for or sympathy towards another human being to abrogate one's capacity to rationalize and realize that what the individual says. Social standings dictate how an individual act parallel to the chances that show an individual is genuinely a principled person with no concealed thought processes. He makes it exceptionally clear that when an individual permit feeling to supersede thinking, it is exceptionally troublesome to rationalize with that individual. Moliere did an extraordinary work of demonstrating this point with his story concerning Orgon permitting emotionalism to overcome his capacity to utilize reason and see the genuine character of Tartuffe indeed to the point that Organ is misplaced making him possess a family, fortune, and reputation.
Comparatively, in the Ottoman Empire, the aspects of the social hierarchy are depicted in some ways "Ottoman Social and State Structure," (Stanford 14). There is an inspiring discussion regarding social status within the Footrest Realm to show how different people of different social backgrounds are perceived in the modern Near East and Asia. Social researchers have created lesson models on the socio-economic stratification of Footrest society which includes more or less compatible hypotheses reasoning on why certain things and judgments were made in certain ways. Therefore, the Footrest Domain portray a bureaucratic state, holding unique locations inside a single authoritative and monetary framework of social stratification. The Empire was a profoundly centralized state that had two closely connected bureaucratic orders: the Administering Institution and the Devout Institution. There was a strict social arrange inside the Realm, which guaranteed that the specific obligations and benefits or rights of all subjects were settled and upheld by the state central and common organization. The Ottomans kept study registers as an instrument for controlling and observing the Empire. The Empire's structure guaranteed that all people within the Empire had restricted control. The starting structure expected that the Sultan himself had restricted control since he was subject to the sacrosanct devout law.
The authority of the bureaucracy and its interface over shippers and landowners also shaped altogether the Footrest property rights legacy to depict social inequalities among the Asia people. The Realm was structured so that to guarantee that an individual with financial control might not pick up political control. In order to take part in the higher bureaucracy, an individual had to be Muslim. Most Muslims, however, considered it unworthy to confine in exchange or fabricating their financial control in the society. Hence, it was fundamentally non-Muslims who locked in fabricating or exchange. Picking up wealth through financial movement, in any case, may not bring political control to producers or merchants since they were non-Muslim. This brought about in the limited influence of merchants and landowners within the Empire (Stanford 19). The need for political impact of these two classes driven to the foundation of exceptionally few teaches that advanced or secured land ownership or any other kind of private property amid the Hassock run the show. Conclusively, understanding the perceptions brought about in the two texts Tartuffe and the Ottoman Empire showed social hierarchy and classification of people in the society to show their strength through their social economic strength. People of higher economic status dominated the authority of the communities in thought and opinions downplaying the others.
Moliere, J.B.P. Tartuffe, Public Domain in Turlington, A, and Horton, M. Compact Anthology of World Literature Part 4. The 17th and 18the centuries.
Stanford Shaw (1976). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Cambridge: University Press, vol. 1 p. 13 - 28.
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