Essay on Vladimir Lenin: Revolutionary Leader of Soviet Union and Russia (1870-1924)

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1300 Words
Date:  2023-07-24

Vladimir Lenin was the Party leader of Bolshevik as well as a Communist revolutionary of Russia from 1870 to 1920. The Bolshevik Party that he led was among the most volatile revolutionary activities of the twentieth century during the Russian Revolution of 1917. Lenin served as a Soviet Union leader from the year 1922 to the year 1922. Besides, he was the head of Soviet Russia until his death in 1924 (Hans, 456). Lenin transformed the broader Union together with Russia as they became the communist state party, which was ruled by the Communist Party of Russia. As a result, he came up with Leninism, which was a type of Marxism.

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Moreover, the Civil War of Russian that begun in 1917 to 1922, Lenin's regime conquered the left-wing and the right-wing anti-Bolshevik armies. He also oversaw the Poland-Soviet War from between 1919 and 1921 ( Editors). In 1921, Lenin promoted industrial development by a market-oriented New Economic Strategy to respond to widespread unrest, destruction, and famine. After 1917, a few non-Russian countries picked up freedom from the Russian Empire; however, in 1922, three were brought together in the new Soviet Union.

It is indeed true that the Soviet Union endured underneath the of Vladimir Lenin's leadership in the 1920s till his death in 1924. And this is because Lenin introduced many policies which he thought will help the Union of Soviet Republics ("Lenin's Implementation of Leninism in Russia and the Changes Made"). He had a belief that creating an armistice with Austria-Hungary and the Central Powers of Germany was the best reform to help withdraw from the 1st World War that was happening at that time. Lenin tried to remove Russia from the war, using his Peace Decree to set up an armistice, after confessing that the raging battle was a threat to his government. He later formalized the issue by completing the talks with the Brest-Litovsk Treaty. The Russians termed the pact a punitive one creating cessation, which was hostile. However, the unpopular agreement gave Germany extensive territorial concessions because it controlled the majority parts of the former Empire. After winning Russia's Civil war with the help of the Red Army, Lenin formed the Union of Soviet Republics, which comprised of Belarus, Russia, Transcaucasia, and Ukraine.

After the Bolshevik Revolution, Lenin and his recently socialist government propelled a few changes. They proclaimed the land from the ministry, the Tsar, the respectability, and different landowners, and separated it among the laborers to change the farming area and reward the workers for their faithfulness during the revolt. Lenin comprehended that the individuals who assisted him to topple the impermanent regime were commonly poor who could not stand to recompense for their guidance. He set out on giving free advice, particularly for grown persons. He comprehended that these people had been denied having the choice to examine and form, hence evening classes were introduced by Lenin for workers. This preparation recalled a substantial section for communism. In a like manner, Cheka, a commission to combat counter-annoyed and covert work, was settled (Hammer). The secret police force, Cheka, explicitly outlined any criminal activity toward capitalism to Lenin. The body guaranteed that persons who had not embraced socialism were to be removed from Russia or held indefinitely. The population of the body rose to 30 000 people to overcome all opposition (Hammer).

Besides, there was an outbreak of civil war immediately Vladimir took control of the government. And this was referred to as the War communism, where the red Guards and the White army under the Leon Trotsky's regime renamed as the Red Army conflicted. Power was secured by the Communist Party, which squashed the opposition. There was shredding off the Russian economy. It was easy for Vladimir to defend the civil war because the party of Vladimir put the political representatives in every military unit to stay away from mutiny. It, however, prompted the beginning of the Socialism war as a way of accomplishing economic dependability. The civil war led to deficiencies of raw materials for manufacturing, labor, fuel, and food. Laborers additionally left the urban centers to grow their food. The economic crisis confronted the Communist government in the USSR, making it to introduce a Communism war to assume responsibilities for the economy as well as set up the organized economy of the socialist.

Furthermore, the nationalization policy led to the transmission of equipment and land from individual custody to proprietorship of the administration. Food confiscated from the capitalists was used to take care of the industrial workers and the red Army. Significant industries and businesses were made to employ more than ten individuals. The nationalization of the communication companies and banks was done to give job opportunities to the Red Army. The strikes and individual businesses were prohibited and declared illegal and strictly controlling the workers (Hammer). The War Communist did not solve the economic crisis of the Russians. The production of industries dropped drastically with the country facing shortages in food leading to the movement of people from urban areas. The economic policies of the government faced opposition as it was accused of the declining situation in the economy.

War communism was particularly disliked among overpowering opposition, and peasant farmers to Vladimir's economic approach made him transform it. Vladimir wanted to recover peasant farmers' confidence in him and built up the New Approach for the economy. Presently, farmers were permitted to sell their new products in the public market. However, despite everything, land remained the nation's property. The government decided all costs of the products as well as taxing all the items.

There was the expansion of agronomic creation, and to reflect this development in manufacturing working environment, motivations and rewards were presented. Substantial enterprises were still under the administration's control. However, overseas investment and trade were supported. A national financial institution set up in the year 1921, gave cash in the form of loans to merchants and emerging developers, Vladimir started the planning of the commission of the nation, the Gosplan, to coordinate the money related to the nation's activities.

Devising a solitary monetary arrangement for the USSR and building up the strategies and requests for actualization was the primary assignment of the Gosplan. It was additionally required to facilitate the project creation and planning of proposals for various institutions of the economy, devising the measures of the nation for knowledge build-up, and selecting research that seemed necessary for executing the national economy. Sending and preparing of the vital faculty to accomplish its objectives was another errand.


The economy of Russia flourished until it arrived at a similar level of prosperity as France, Japan, the united states of America, and England. However, with exacting genuine communism and economic strategies executed, Russia had the capability of being affluent (Karl Marx). The drives of Gosplan additionally assured Russian that they could contend effectively in the Subsequent Universal War and become as probably the most grounded superpower worldwide, alongside the United States. The strategy of economic presentation spared the Russian economy. The workers were urged to create nutrition for the prizes turning out to be Kulaks. Vladimir's passing in 1924 led to an end of the NEP. Stalin condemned it for the creation of numerous groups of capitalists and restoring division of classes in Russia. The official strategy remained to be NEP until 1928.

Works Cited Editors. "Vladimir Lenin." HISTORY, A&E Television Networks, 9 Nov. 2009, Accessed 11 May 2020.

Hans Rogger, A History of Russia. By Nicholas V. Riasanovsky. (New York: Oxford University Press. 1963. Pp. xviii. 711. $8.00), The American Historical Review, Volume 69, Issue 2, January 1964, Pages 455-456,

Hammer, Joshua. "Vladimir Lenin's Return Journey to Russia Changed the World Forever." Smithsonian Magazine, 22 Feb. 2017, Accessed 11 May 2020.

"Lenin's Implementation of Leninism in Russia and the Changes Made." South African History Online, Accessed 11 May 2020.

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