Enlightenment is the cause of war regarding ideas of nationalism which lasted for almost thirty years and resulted in the enforcement of human rights. These rights include the right to life, freedom from any restrictions, freedom of opinion and expression and the right to work and education. This essay tries to view what factors led to the age enlightenment of the mentioned rights. There are various factors which contributed to its which shall be discussed in the essay. Religion split from the Catholic faith to Protestants led by priest Martin Luther King led to its rise.
Firstly, the research tries to look at how protestant reformation led to enlightenment during that era when Luther marched at Saint Peters Basilica Rome. It is enough to say that it is from him that made people have the feeling of freedom towards many things. The freedom of religion is seen to come from the split from the Catholic faith which rose from Luther's understanding of a bible verse which said "for therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith" this is a clear indication of how people should live by their faith, regardless of which religion.
Secondly, enlightenment could be influenced by the scientific world view. The scientific world being talked about is the European nations like the French and America. This was due to the revolution in those days which led to emerging of the right to vote. This is said to have caused the rise of the west, which is the development of the predominant global worldview. Enlightenment is also argued to be influenced by sciences and some other academic disciplines like the humanities and social sciences.
Furthermore, some philosophers are said to have influenced enlightenment from the natural law which later became international law. This enlightenment resulted in coming up with rights like the right to life; this came up naturally from the perspective of God's creation and historical background. This right is enforceable even to date. There are several questions which ask about the emergence of government regulations, but as from Thomas Hobbes, it can be said to have risen from the obligation to obey laws to make life possible. He suggested that without these regulations the nations could be disrupted by wars. Right to equality is also argued to have risen from enlightenment when philosophers began to challenge the ideas like a state religion.
Markedly, there are various theories which are said to contribute to the enlightenment of human rights. These include; political philosophy, ethical theory and religion in the knowledge. Political theory is attributed to the success of politics the towards enlightenment era. This era is characterized by various political revolutions, which include, English revolution, American Revolution and the French revolution. Religion has enforced some authority through beliefs or so-called myths and mystery. It is through this theory that ideas of freedom and equality came into realization though it could not lack some criticism.
Research has found that even the ethical theory is more established from religion. This is by trying to obey Gods law to see and enjoy the afterlife. Ethics is defined as the doing of right according to the society one is based. Although there are some violent religious wars, it is a clear indication of the failure of involved religious doctrines concerning God and afterlife to establish a strong base for ethics. It is from this theory that moral justice came to enforcement due to proper grounding of ethical duties and understanding them.
The final theory which was back then reality is the religion and the enlightenment. It is from this where authority came to being since somebody took power to split his church from the Catholic faith. Some experts say that it is sometimes represented as the enemy of religion, though research argues that it is correct to see it as critically directed against various characteristics of faith. Research clearly shows that Christian beliefs in particular and controversy occupy a particularly central place in the enlightenment. In a different perspective, the rise of Protestantism in western Christianity plays functional role in generating the culture.
Another point worth noting is that though the right to equality, it has not been enforced well since after the French revolution, the legal status of women remained inferior to that of men even though women fight for it to date. Research shows that; women used the declaration of the rights of women in the year 1971 to address male chauvinism. Another inequality experienced is when transgender was granted rights among the Jews while in the United States considered it as a private matter.
In conclusion, this essay tries to look at how enlightenment has led to raising human rights. Although some causes influenced the human rights to be taken positive, others did not make the necessary contribution like earlier said about equality among women. This essay, therefore, recommends further enlightenment which will lead to the rise of more human rights through research of other appropriate or efficient methods. The study also supports a scrap of the legally enforced laws which are deemed unethical like the use of marijuana or other hard drugs. The correct ones but sounds ethical should remain and further be improved where necessary. This essay, therefore, tries to stand with the enlightenment of human rights from the era of Luther to that of French and English revolution.
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