Basic Tenets of Solution Based Therapy - Essay Sample

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  4
Wordcount:  943 Words
Date:  2022-10-15


According to O'Connell (2012), the Solution-Focused Brief Therapy is a method that is used to analyze pathology, problems and past events which concentrates on coming up with various solutions to the current problem to help in exploring an individual's hope to find a solution to one's problem in the future. One basic tenet of this approach to therapy is that its main purpose is to come up with a proper solution to a certain problem rather than solving the problem. The second principle of this method is that a small change will always result in a bigger changer. The third tenet of SFBT is that the solutions of the clients are not related directly to any problem that has been identified either by the client or the therapist. The other basic principle is that the problem does not happen every time. There are times when problems could have, but they did not. The fifth tent of this approach is that the focus of therapy should be based on the desired future of the client rather than the current problem or past conflicts.

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Individual, Couple and Family Dynamics

The use of this approach helps the therapist to understand the individual, couple as well as family dynamics (Ratner, George, & Iveson 2012). When a person is being treated using this theory, he or she will be asked about various issues that affect him or her which could have probably led to the development of a certain problem. As the therapist analyses the client, he or she will gain a lot of information that contributed to a problem. This element will help the therapist to understand the individual, couple as well as the family dynamics.

Core Therapy Techniques

The core therapy technique employed in the SFBT is the use of questions. The clients will be asked various questions that are related to his or her problem so that the therapist can understand and come up with a proper solution. The second therapy technique of this method is presupposing change. Presupposing change is used by the therapist to help the client develop a positive attitude to their problems (De Shazer, & Coulter 2012). The third technique that can be used in this theory is to do one thing at a time.

Comparison and Contrast

The similar issue between this theory and other that have been learnt this semester is that they are used to solve various problems that a client has. These theories are composed of various steps that have to be followed to achieve the required results. The other theories that have been learned in this situation are designed to solve the problems that the clients have. The Solution Focused Based Therapy has been developed mainly with the sole purpose of providing immediate solutions to the issues that are experienced by clients.

Interface with Various Elements

This theory has a significant relationship with various elements (Walter, & Peller 2013). The first is the interface with the gender. The SFBT technique tends to overlook gender and women will be treated with carefulness as compared to men because they are believed to be associated with different sorts of problems. Secondly, this theory has an interface with class whereby individual of a high class will receive help while the low class will be treated as normal. The interface of this theory and race is that individual from a race that forms that majority groups will be treated cautiously compared to the minority group. The other interface of this technique is with the culture. When a therapist is dealing with a client from his or her cultural group, he or she will attend to that person well. This theory has an interface with the spirituality of an individual so that the therapist will help a client to solve his or her by observing the spiritual values of an individual. The last interface in this theory is sexual orientation. The therapist when solving the problems of people with different sexual orientation, he or she will provide the solutions that treat every person from different sexual orientation as the same. The lack of these interface with the Solution Focused Brief Theory would lead to the application of theory on the way that would not be fair to all the people. Some people would be discriminated due to the various issues that are identified with them.

Reaction to the Theory

My reaction to this theory is that it is an effective theory. This theory has been developed with the sole purpose of providing solutions to the problem that affects a client. Most clients who are faced with different sorts of the problem require appropriate solution so that they can solve these problems. The techniques that have been employed with this theory are effective, and they guide the therapist to provide appropriate solutions to the problems within a client. This method is effective because other methods are focused on problem-solving. Problem-solving is a long step that has to be followed by the therapist to able to deal with the condition of a client. Therefore, when the solution-focused brief therapy is used, their main aim is to identify the problem and develop a solution for it. Also, this theory is associated with various interfaces that helps it to be employed accurately to the clients. I would recommend that most therapist should employ this technique as it is effective compared to the others.


De Shazer, S., & Coulter, M. (2012). More than miracles: The solution-focused brief therapy.Routledge.

O'Connell, B. (2012). Solution-focused therapy. Sage.

Ratner, H., George, E., & Iveson, C. (2012). Solution-focused brief therapy. London: Routledge.

Walter, J. L., & Peller, J. E. (2013). Becoming solution-focused in brief therapy. Routledge.

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