The Comparison of the Paintings by J.M.W Turner and Paul Cezanne

Date:  2021-03-13 04:40:31
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In this essay, the paintings of palette will be discussed with comparison of the differences as well as the similarities. The palettes are compared to assess the differences as well as the similarities of the techniques and emphasis of the two. The first painting to be discussed will be J.M.W Turner, as English romanticist landscape painter. Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British colour-water landscape painting. He is commonly known as the painting of light as his work is regarded as a Romantic preface of impressionism. The second painting is Paul Cezanne, as a French artist and post-impressionist painter. He work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century to a new radically different world of art in the 20th century. He mostly used planes of color and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields.

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Historical and cultural context

J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851)

Born in 1775 in Maide lane, Joseph Mallord William Turnerm, was brought up by his father William Gay Turner (1738-1829), who was apparently a wig maker as well as a barber. His mother, Mary Marshall, turned out to be progressively ill and passed on in 1804. Due to family feuds, the young Joseph Turner was sent to stay with his uncle on his mothers side in Brentford, London. It was the point at which he initially showed a strong enthusiasm for painting. By the time he was going to school at Margate, he had conclusively created numerous drawings, which his father displayed in his shop shelves and window to attract clients. He later joined the Royal Academy art schools where he further learned to facilitate his skills and sharpen his techniques in the year 1789.

He turned into an English Romanticist Landscape painter, printmaker as well as watercolor. His style is unique and has established the framework for impressionism. In spite of the fact that Turner was viewed as a controversial person and figure during his generation, he is presently viewed as the craftsman who facilitated the progress of landscape painting to a level that it spurred the rivalry in history of painting. Initially, he was pre-occupied with architecture; however, he was encouraged to stick to painting by renowned architect Jnr. Thomas Harwick. He proved to be brilliant in his style which is mature. His work entails use of chromatic palette and extensively employed atmospheric washes of paint.

Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)

It is believed that Paul born on 19 January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, in the southern part of France. His father had a passion in banking thus he was a co-founder of one of the banking institution. Paul received a great support from his parents. He was supported financially at a tender age to pursue his passion. However, in the year 1857, he started going to Free Municipal School of drawing which was in Aix-en-Provence his birth place.

He turned into a fine and a celebrated French post-impressionist painter. He is popular for his amazingly various painting styles and techniques. His style extraordinarily influenced twentieth century abstract art. The sense of authority of configuration, composition, tone, and color that traverses his lifestyle is exceedingly superb and is a trademark as well. Today, his work has been acknowledged around the globe and his frequently sensitive, redundant, exploratory brushstrokes are obviously recommendable. Paul frequently utilized planes of shading and little brushstrokes that developed to result into complex fields. His works of art communicate on Cezanne's intensive investigation of his subjects, a searching gaze and a resolute battle to manage unpredictability of human visual observation. He earned much accolade from his peers, other artists as well as across the globe and was popularly know as the father of modern arts, who endeavored to build up a comprehensive synthesis for naturalistic representation, and conceptual pictorial order. A lot of his work was done in dull tones connected with a fluid pigment that appeared to be heavy positing the surly, sentimental expressionism of past generation.

Paul has inspired several generations of artist in the olden days and even in the modern days. He influenced the art of Fauvist, Cubist and consecutive generations of avant-grade artists.


J.M.W Turner was always up to being relevant and striving for greater subjects effects, he ignored the precise rendering of details and static scenes. He strongly believed that landscape could communicate massive range of historic, artistic, and emotional meanings. His paintings were infused with commanding impression. The subjects of many of his paintings focused the power of nature in a technique that was not previously portrayed. He facilitated the establishment of landscape painting-making human portrait.

Fall Fall of Schaffhausen, 1845 is one of his greatest pieces in my opinion. It is not very clear whether his intention was for the study of atmospheric effects. This painting has long been viewed as a depiction of the Val dAosta in the Italian Alps. Some scholars have argued that the painting is a colour background waiting final touches by an artist. Others have posited that it is a painting of the falls on Rhine River that he visited in 1841. The latter forms the basis of the study.

A quick look at water falls at river Rhine, Turner's watercolors depict tumultuous water just like the one at the falls. The ensuing mist of Schaffhausen is well elaborated by Turner in the painting. His painting lacked horizontal line as well as capturing the dynamism trough asymmetry. A close scrutiny of the painting indicate a strong directional force from the top right to the left. He used a tone of dull colors to make the contrast and the light sky differences manifest. It is more sensational to discuss the calming nature he displays in this painting.

On the other hand, Paul Cezanne was moved by nature in all its forms as well. Trees, moon, fruits, the forms of human. He ultimately came to regard various colors, the form and the line as establishing one and the same thing or attached elements for illustrating how the human eye experiences nature. He sought to make of his artistic practice a new kind of analytical discipline. His work remains true and real to an underlying architectural ideal.

The sensation with which Paul painted with is like Turners. His impressions on the painting were immense too. When he painted the hillside, their view was absorbed by shimmer of the light colours of the slopes. The uphill horizontal line is so manifest to depict the slope in the painting of The Uphil Road, 1881. It is quite remarkable that he directed his mind to the establishment of the weighty look of the slope and its sensation mass and voluminous look. He used colour and light just like Turner to bring out the form. He moderates the features in the painting to make all of them appear in medium state. His interpretation of nature is communicated in the foreground, he is synthetic and imaginative but in long run not abstract. The road is clear, it looks like an old terrain used by people on foot rather than auto mobiles. He painted it from nature; using oil on canvas to convey natures beauty. It communicates key-note of aesthetics sensational appearance. This picture reinforces the expression of realism and stamps the view more adequately in the mind of any viewer. In this piece he uses colours functionally and the warmth is clearly indicated. The green aspect of the painting is nature.


From the above discussion, there are much similarities as explained above as well as differences in the art works by the two palettes. However, the two paintings present important issues that are obscure. The sensation is the basis of their works as it is categorically manifest in the two paintings. At some point, the first discussed painting looks incomplete and some studies even postulated that it was his unfinished work as he was fond of completing them awhile after starting a piece of work. The other painting is a clear picture with houses, trees and even the road next to the hill. The two pictures speak a lot about nature and the calmness of nature. In my opinion, Fall of Schaffhausen may appear to depict the roaring state of a fall and this would be contradictory to the message of calmness of nature. All in all the two pieces of art work remains significant in the eyes of any viewer.


Collings, Mathew. "JMW Turner: Master In The Making". The Guardian. Last modified 2009. Accessed April 17, 2016.

Jones, Jonathan. "Paul Cezanne: Founding Father Of Modern Art". The Guardian. Last modified 2013. Accessed April 17, 2016.

"Paul Cezanne Biography, Art, And Analysis Of Works". The Art Story. Last modified 2012. Accessed April 17, 2016.

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