Paper Sample on Self-Care: Essential Practice for Attitude & Well-Being

Paper Type:  Report
Pages:  6
Wordcount:  1488 Words
Date:  2023-09-30


Self-care is any activity that is done purposely to maintain our sensitivity, psychological, and physical well-being. An essential practice enhances attitude and diminishes nervousness. It is also a fundamental basis of a respectable association with oneself and other people. Personal care is a general term used to define the proper sanitation to improve self- appearance, respect, and avoid diseases (Riegel et al., 2019). It includes oral, skin, hand, physical exercise, and clothing hygiene. Currently, the solution to avoiding diseases is through the observance of personal care.

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Self-care comprises enhanced health and lowering death rates, illness, and medication expenses (Birk et al., 2019). It is thus the approach of maintaining personal welfare through well-being promoting routines and managing diseases. In hypothetical theories of personal care upkeep, self-care and self-monitoring are quantified. Self-care includes the good conduct that a person practices to ensure good health while self-monitoring is an observation of the body progress this is done when a person has been ill and is recovering. (Whitaker et al., 2015) Both are subjective by understanding, responsiveness, anticipations, and personality.

Self-Care Incorporates

Self-care incorporates the health providers in the cure, prevention, and control of chronic diseases (Al Subait et al., 2016). Records have high numbers of male than female, whose major activities are taking drugs and at the course of the day they do not remember or they lack time for sanitation (Dar-Odeh et al., 2016). Fungal infections on the skin develop through a lack of proper hygiene. Many students have skin infections due to a lack of attention to personal care. Skin sanitation is still the focus of many researchers. It is also compressed by the level of awareness alleged by Saudi students in the U.S.

Self-care habits among older individuals are interior and outwardly adapted to behaviors. Interior actions include awareness and expertise learned to influence clear objectives of self-upkeep. It comprises having adequate nap and relaxation, eating a well-adjusted meal, and physical exercise frequently (Riegel et al., 2019). Self-worth is a personality's intimacy in his or her skill to implement goal-directed conduct. The stronger their distinguished self-respect is, the more dynamic and tenacious are their determinations. People with higher self-worth are better able to implement their self-care routines. Self-respect is fundamental for improving well-being upholding activities in teenagers, youths, and adults.

Human Understanding

In human understanding, self-care is oral, skin, hand, physical exercise, and clothing hygiene. Oral well-being is an essential and principal element of general fitness and welfare. The core mouth illnesses comprise dental corrosion, gum infection, and mouth malignancies (Yao et al., 2019). They are widespread lingering illnesses that distress a significant percentage of equally the youngster and grown-up people throughout the ecosphere (Sujatha et al., 2015). Hand sanitation has been defined as the foundation and starting point in all infection regulation sequencers. (Peyman & Pourhaji, 2015) Hands are vulnerable in touching bacterial and fungal microorganisms that we hardly notice with our eyes.

Besides, scholars need to comprehend the meaning of personal sanitation when interacting with others as it will prevent the transmission of infections (Awan et al., 2016). Unfortunately, there is a gap in the literature concerning the steps taken to improve these factors among Saudi students in the U.S. (Ayala et al., 2018)The current research aims to identify the difference that exists in self-care knowledge and attitude between the American and Saudi students in the U.S. It is an essential consideration since the results will help in improving the hygiene practices of students, thereby dealing with the spread of infectious diseases in the Universities.

Instrument and Procedure

This survey was done using an anonymous online survey through google systems assessment (Sharon et al., 2018). This was designed to provide unlimited access for any participant who felt to take part, without being identified with names. The study was processed online reaching out to many students in different institutions in the U.S. The study accomplices were manipulated to enroll others in the survey on the website, there was a section indicating invite a friend either, through WhatsApp, or Facebook. The surveys were sent to accomplices in WhatsApp groups, sent into Facebook platforms of other U.S campuses, and inscribed pieces of mail to the scholars to ask them to respond to the review and distribute it to their allies.

Accomplices were accessed with the Cognizant Agreement custom. It stated, “I am a graduate student in the master’s program of Public Health at East Stroudsburg University. I am welcoming you to take an assessment for the study. This assessment is voluntary. There are no adverse penalties if you do not want to participate. If you start the assessment, you are allowed to change your mind and stop at any time. What I will do is to ask questions about your understanding and attitude of self-care practice. The survey will take less than 10 minutes. I don’t anticipate any potential risk associated with your participation in the study since your responses will be anonymous.”

The consent was given to state that nobody would be victimized and the study was introduced for the students’ welfare, the research goal was to assess the different occurrences in self-care knowledge and attitude between the American and Saudi students in the U.S dealing with the spread of infectious diseases in the Universities (Hamadah et al., 2015). A note was placed at the top of an online survey to remind students not to share evidence - “All assessment answers are unidentified. Please do not share identifying data in your responses.” Open-ended questions were asked, the interrogation considerations were well-defined with little vague linguistic - “How do you employ your self-care practice?”

Research Design

The online assessments ware conducted in less than 10 minutes to conclude. The assessment covers seven demographic queries, followed by 32 KAP questions. The queries were mixed in that it contained short and long answers and multiple choices. A convenience study model was used to manage this research. It structured observational investigation and examination of information from a survey model at a given point in time. It was suitable for the survey questions as the information was obtained swiftly, instantly, and cost-effective. A snowball sampling approach was involved. In this technique, the study accomplices were to enroll others in the research to obtain the right sample characteristic (Tyrer & Heyman, 2016). It did not use probability, but rather, the participants were recruited based on how well they suit in the research.


The study sample targeted undergraduates from the institution of higher education in the U.S. The participants included 382 Saudi students and 382 American students. The focus was based on those aged 19-28years. Both genders were contacted to facilitate a study of how males and females identify sexual characteristics (Cruz & Bashtawi, 2015). Furthermore, the research sample included students enrolled in different disciplines. This source population was suitable for the study questions and hypotheses that had been formulated as it considered the Saudi students, as well as ensuring that both genders were equally involved.


Al Subait, A., et al. (2016). Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to oral health among -university students in Saudi Arabia; A cross-sectional study. The Saudi Journal for Dental Research.

Awan, K. H., Alrshedan, A., Al Kahtani, M., & Patil, S. (2016). Water pipe smoking among health sciences university students: Knowledge, attitude and patterns of use. Saudi Dent J; 28 (4): 189–93.

Ayala, E. E., Winseman, J. S., Johnsen, R. D., & Mason, H. R. (2018). US medical students who engage in self-care report less stress and higher quality of life. BMC medical education, 18(1), 189.

Birk J.L, Kronish I.M, Moise N, Falzon L, Yoon S, Davidson K.W. (2019). Depression and multimorbidity: considering temporal characteristics of the associations between depression and multiple chronic diseases. Health Psychol., 38 (9) (2019), pp. 802-811

Cruz, J., & Bashtawi, M. (2015). Predictors of hand hygiene practice among Saudi nursing students: A cross-sectional self-reported study. Journal of Infection and Public Health. 187

Dar-Odeh, N., Alnazzawi, A., Shoqair, N., Al-Shayyab, M. H., & Abu-Hammad, O. (2016) Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking Among Dental Practitioners: Prevalence and Health Perceptions. Tob Use Insights S40568. 9: 29–33.

Hamadah, R., Kharraz, R., Alshanqity, A., et al. (2015). Hand hygiene: Knowledge and attitudes of fourth-year clerkship medical students at Alfaisal University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Cureus, 7(8): e310.

Ozgur, C., Kleckner, M., & Li, Y. (2015). Selection of statistical software for solving big data problems: A guide for businesses, students, and universities. SAGE Open, 5(2), 2158244015584379.

Peyman, N., & Pourhaji, F. (2015). The effects of educational program based on the health belief model on the oral health behaviors of elementary school students. Modern Care Journal, 12(74-8).

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Paper Sample on Self-Care: Essential Practice for Attitude & Well-Being. (2023, Sep 30). Retrieved from

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