Healthcare, in this case, refers to an organized way in which professionals in the medical field maintain the health of the whole body of HIV patients. The type of care provided to every patient is heavily dependent on the condition of the patient. There are three modes of healthcare.
Primary care focuses on health equity which brings about social policy that extends beyond traditional care (Lundy & Janes, 2009). The primary objective of primary care is to provide local care to HIV patients because most of the professionals in this type of care are generalists. Generalists cover a wide range of social, physical and psychological problems, unlike specialists who specialize in treating a specific disease. Primary care has increased in the developed and developing world due to increase in chronic diseases. World Health Organisation specified the five strategies needed for primary care to reach its goals.
Seeking collaborative models of dialogue in policy
Integration of health in all sectors of the society
Organization of health services according to services and the needs of the people
Increase stakeholder participation in healthcare in formulating healthcare policies
Medical specialists such as gynecologists, cardiologists, and dermatologists provide this type of healthcare. These healthcare professionals do not have direct contact with the patients since the system uses the referral system to access these type of healthcare professionals. Patients need a referral from primary care to access secondary healthcare services. There are two types of health care systems in this category:
The district health care system. Its focus is on childcare and maternity care. In this case, the concern of this system of healthcare is the safe delivery of children if the mother is HIV positive (Looman, O'Conner-Von, & Lindeke, 2008). Healthcare institutions remain open for 24 hrs and receive emergency services.
County healthcare system. Access to these hospitals requires referrals from district and community health system. County hospitals provide the services of gynecologists, general surgery, obstetrics, and general medicine.
This type of healthcare is also known as specialized consultative healthcare. It works by referral from the primary and secondary healthcare system. It works by offering specialized consultative healthcare for inpatients that require advanced medical investigation and treatment. Examples of tertiary care services include are burn treatment, cardiac surgery, cancer management, neurosurgery, complex medical and surgical interventions (Healthcare Technology, 2016). The primary provider of the tertiary healthcare system is the national health system which is made up of regional hospitals and national hospitals. The regional hospitals get referrals from the county hospitals and work as training centers.
HIV AIDS Health Care Delivery Vulnerable Populations Act
An Act of parliament that is providing solutions and measures for the control, prevention, and healthcare delivery models which are appropriate for Vulnerable Populations.
Short Title and commencement
This Act is called HIV AIDS Health Care Delivery for Vulnerable Populations Act
The solution for delivering Healthcare to vulnerable populations
The answers to the delivery of health care to HIV/AIDs patients as a vulnerable population are:
Approaches should focus on early identification to promote prevention
HIV care must include a consideration which is preventive and appropriate to all vulnerable people.
Test and treat strategies need to focus on timely initiation of antiretroviral therapy and early HIV detection
The treatment as prevention approach needs to focus on who is at risk of either at risk of transmitting or acquiring HIV, especially those who have multiple sexual partners.
The HIV patients should have direct access to all levels of healthcare delivery without the requirement for referrals from lower modes of care.
Resources that will be needed to support the needs of HIV patients include:
Clinical infrastructure in areas with high rates of HIV infections to promote prevention and reduce the new rates of HIV/AIDS infections.
Capacity building and integration of geriatric service networks in the healthcare institutions dealing with vulnerable populations.
A particular unit is made available for HIV patients at all levels of healthcare starting from primary to tertiary care.
Special budgetary allocation for dealing with HIV/AIDS patients.
Healthcare Technology. (2016, August 1). Healthcare: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Retrieved from triotree: http://triotree.com/blog/healthcare-primary-secondary-and-tertiary-brief-description/
Looman, W. S., O'Conner-Von, S., & Lindeke, L. L. (2008). Caring for children with special health care needs and their families: what advanced practice nurses need to know. The Journal for Nurse Practitioners, 4(7), 512-517.
Lundy, K. S., & Janes, S. (2009). Community health nursing. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
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