Literary Analysis Essay on Heart of Darkness

Paper Type:  Critical thinking
Pages:  9
Wordcount:  2248 Words
Date:  2023-01-09


The novel, Heart of Darkness it is a journey down to core of the human soul (reflected in the metaphor of the trip down the river to the heart of Belgian Congo), and the deeper you go, the worst it gets... until the very end, where it is summarized so succinctly and accurately by the simple phrase: "The horror, the horror." The novel was written by a Polish-British, Joseph Conrad in the year 1899. Joseph Conrad was born in the year 1857 and died in 1924. Imagery, in other words, symbolism, is the act of speaking to things by images, or of contributing things with a representative significance or character. An image is an item, activity, or thought that represents an option that is other than itself, frequently of an increasingly theoretical nature. Imagery makes quality perspectives that make writing like verse and books increasingly significant.

Trust banner

Is your time best spent reading someone else’s essay? Get a 100% original essay FROM A CERTIFIED WRITER!

The title of the novel Heart of Darkness is itself very representative. It implies the focal point of the dim landmass or the focal point of a wickedly detestable individual. The term comprises of two things heart and haziness and them two are intensely accused of physical and good proposals that set us up for something past our standard desires. The heart is a limited and strong thing and dimness is vast and does not have any presence (it is the nonappearance of light). The writer in this way needs to find something limited in unending or at the end of the day importance in an inane thing (Watts). The expression can likewise allude to the Heart of Africans or Africa or to the murkiness that exists in the core of white individuals.

Symbolism of Light and Darkness

The emblematic significance of light and dimness assume the focal job in the novel Heart of Darkness. As indicated by the perspective on Marlow and Kurtz, African individuals are in dimness. There are such a significant number of murkiness symbolisms in the novel for example before Marlow starts to talk, the sun is setting and foreboding shadows hang over the stream, the sewing lady sits outside the entryway of haziness, weaving dark fleece, Marlow portrays to his shipmates that Kurtz has a place with the intensity of dimness, and so forth. The entire novel is loaded up with the emblematic parts of light and murkiness. The estimating is that the individuals who have spoken progressively about taking care of the issue of dimness are secured with the extremely profound mist of haziness. We effectively state that Marlow has had the core of murkiness, Kurtz has had the core of dimness, however them two state that all Africans are living in haziness (Chrisman). Everybody discusses the finding of light, however have just haziness.

What strikes us immediately with the two knitting women is that these women appear to speak to the Moirae-the antiquated Greek embodiments of destiny. Two of the three Fates turn the life-string of every individual; the third Fate cuts the string when the opportunity arrives for the man to pass on. The Fates, being immortals, have prescience and accordingly can see each man's destiny. Indeed, take the way Marlow contrasts them-old, youthful; slender, fat; uncanny, bright. The Greek origination would in general think the three Fates as being youthful, moderately aged, and old: the youthful one speaks to birth, the center one life, and the former one passing. And after that there's that Latin citation toward the end, which signifies "They who are going to kick the bucket salute you." Traditionally, that is the welcome made to the head by censured Roman crooks, fighters, or any other person who was, you know, going to pass on (Levin). Since the Fates control life, it bodes well for Conrad to toss this in. Yet, that drives us to the most significant inquiry: the end result for the third Fate? Which one's missing-life? birth? Is this a sign that something's turned out badly?

Symbolism of Flies and Lucifer

Flies have been symbolizing putting to death as far back as flies stuck around dead bodies (along these lines, until the end of time). Somewhat more as of late than "everlastingly"- yet in addition quite a while prior-the demon got the epithet "Lucifer," which the vast majority interpret as "Master of the Flies." (We're almost certain William Golding had perused Heart of Darkness.) In Heart of Darkness, flies prominently show up when an operator passes on in Chapter One ("In the enduring buzz of flies the back home bound specialist was lying completed and numb," and when Kurtz kicks the bucket: "A consistent shower of little flies gushed upon the light, upon the fabric, upon our hands and faces."(Achebe, 23)

Symbolism of Ivory

In the Heart of Darkness, Kurtz represents the dark nature in human beings. It also explains how it changes a person to a completely different person.

In Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad frequently utilizes obscure depictions, leaving a melange of conceivable implications in the peruser's lap. One special case to this pattern is Conrad's emblematic utilization of ivory. Inside the casing of the story, his references to ivory can clearly be viewed as a portrayal of the white man's ravenousness. Towards the finish of the book ivory comes to symbolize the overflowing abhorrence that trickles from the core of haziness. In Heart of Darkness ivory assumes a double job in centrality. On one hand it is illustrative of malevolence and insatiability, and on the other, it is delegate of the measures taken to get it in any case (for example abuse of blacks). Conrad's utilization of ivory so as to symbolize haziness is additionally with regards to his periodic inversion of the hues regularly connected with great and insidious, white and dark (Clarke). Ivory as a material is one of the most flawless and whitest found in nature, while Kurtz's soul is absolutely dark.

Breakdown of Society and Symbolism of Rivets

The novel, in many ways, is about how society breaks down in the places where the rhetoric of a society meets the harsher truths of the real world. Imagine those rivets as the rhetoric holding the "civilized" way of life together. When Marlowe finds his boat he finds it a wreck. A ruined mess that needs rivets. But no one knows where the rivets are situated. There were plenty up river, but moving them down river turns out to be extremely difficult. The very idea of moving rivets down stream seems unrealistic and implausible to everyone but Marlowe. The symbolism here is a subtle way of getting you used to the idea that the idealism of civilized society is becoming more and more impractical, if not outright false, as Marlow leaves civilized society and enters the older, more primal society of the jungle (Firchow). In other words, it simply symbolizes a lack of progress in the company's part.

Symbolism of the Sketch and the Blindfolded Woman

At the focal (central) station, Marlow sees a sketch which was really painted by Kurtz. And afterward there's the entire issue of the lady, and we definitely realize that Marlow appears to sequester ladies into romanticized jobs outside the domain of bleak reality. This lady is separate to the point that she's a canvas, and she's so outlandishly hopeful that she isn't genuine. On to the blindfolded, burn conveying part-sounds a great deal like equity, isn't that right? Possibly. A few people contemplate daze Europe endeavoring to convey light to Africa, which would fit in with Kurtz's entire great radical topic. One thing we're certain of: conveying a light while blindfolded sounds like a genuine flame danger (Watts). This, on second thought, may very well be Conrad's point.

Heads-on-Sticks as Symbolic Imagery

The heads-on-sticks symbolize Kurtz's inordinate severity and they're the last piece of information we have to choose that Kurtz is distraught. The presence of these heads-on-sticks is the realistic peak of the book, which comes helpfully near the plot peak. We've seen some quite awful things up until this point, yet the heads on sticks take the cake Marlow doesn't come directly out and state, "Goodness, and incidentally, those elaborate handles were really heads." No-he strolls us through it, demonstrating to us his response: "its first outcome was to make me toss my head back as though before a blow." But despite everything we don't have a clue why, even after we discover that they're "emblematic." truth be told, we don't discover that they're heads until part of the way through the section. Along these lines, it's intriguing is somewhat, similar to, no major ordeal pretty much this (Achebe 26). As though to symbolize the way Marlow battles awfulness with amusingness, he reveals to us that these "dark, dried, depressed" heads are "grinning persistently" in their "jocose dream of everlasting sleep." Which, let's be honest, wouldn't generally be the language we would use to depict separated heads.

Symbolism of the Accountant

The bookkeeper or the accountant symbolizes the Company as it needs to be seen. He dresses richly in spite of the warmth and the destitution of the dark local African laborers encompassing him, underscoring the Company's demonstrable skill. He's constantly drenched in his bookkeeping books, steadily finishing his work, which speaks to the Company's commitment to flawlessness and greatness (Peter).This person truly is Employee of the Year-particularly when his solitary reaction to the moans of a collaborator is to whine about how it's difficult to do math when somebody's withering over the room. His varnished boots help us see precisely how tricky and disturbing the organization is.

Contrasting Kurtz's Widow and Mistress

Kurtz widow is the image of the credulous understanding most of the British back home had of the life, conditions, and even outlook of those in the Congo. She remains unaware of Kurtz, what he has done, and who he truly was, just envisioning that it was something respectable and courageous, while the dividers themselves shout out with dismay at the unfeeling lip service. She is additionally an extraordinary complexity to Kurtz's mistress in the Congo, who speaks to everything the widow doesn't; a sensible comprehension of life conceived of cruel experience, a renunciation of womanliness, and a flooding quality and essentialness (Chrisman). They are immediate contrary women, both picked by Kurtz, a component of the distinction in conduct he displayed in the Congo and England, and for sure, that the two grounds drew from him.

Symbolism of Women

Women symbolize constancy, decency and immaculateness (Levin). It is their potential for speaking to the integrity in mankind that the two men see as being worth sparing, particularly in the wake of having seen the revulsions of insidiousness. Notwithstanding, it is the capacity of society to whitewash these detestations and state that they are done for the sake of advancement that enables the abominations to proceed.

Interpretation of "The Horror"

"The Horror" is the dream of human progress that we as humanized individuals are not or less savage. Indeed, as the book delineates, we are really fit for being progressively savage as a result of our innovation and our dismissal for the regular world. "The horror! The horror!" was Kurtz's final word yet Marlow misled Kurtz's life partner by saying that her name was the extraordinary man's final words (Clarke). In any case, in the specific situation and imagery of the book Marlow really comes clean by translating those final words. The life partner speaks to the hallucination of progress that Kurtz left behind. Note that this last scene was in the waterway Thames of England, the core of development.

At the point when Marlow moves over Thames River he finds Opaline Haze that makes it troublesome for him to see past. Opaline Haze in the creator's point of view, portrays something more profound. As indicated by Claude Monet, "poor blind Idiots. They want to see everything clearly even through the fog."Marlow as well as attempt to see past the haze or at the end of the day in obscurity. Kurtz sees cash and solace in Africa, unconscious of the way that he is going to kick the bucket. Marlow, in the first place, is interested about going to Africa unconscious of the reality what the British are doing there. Coming to...

Cite this page

Literary Analysis Essay on Heart of Darkness. (2023, Jan 09). Retrieved from

Free essays can be submitted by anyone,

so we do not vouch for their quality

Want a quality guarantee?
Order from one of our vetted writers instead

If you are the original author of this essay and no longer wish to have it published on the ProEssays website, please click below to request its removal:

didn't find image

Liked this essay sample but need an original one?

Hire a professional with VAST experience and 25% off!

24/7 online support

NO plagiarism