Israel-Palestine conflict ensued in the mid-20th century. Israel and Palestine have failed to come up in reconciliation despite the long-term reconciliation and peace process in Israel with Jordan and Egypt. The conflict was perpetuated by fundamental issues of mutual recognition, security, land, and control of Jerusalem, water rights, Palestinian freedom of movement, borders, Israel settlement, and Palestinians right of return. The conflict started in the late 1800s when Zionists decided to colonize the land of Palestine. The violence culminated in 1947-49 during the Israels ruthless War of Independence. In 1967, Israel launched another war and seized more of the Palestine land. In efforts to end the conflict, an Oslo peace process was initiated in 1993.
In the late 1800s, a political Zionism group began in Europe. The group had a goal of creating a Jewish state in any part of the world. Its leaders decided to inhabit in the land of the people of Palestine. Zionist leaders used various strategies to take over the Palestine. Among them included encouraging Jewish immigration to Palestine, convincing governing state to power them up, buying up the land as well as the violence. The activities raised the Jewish land ownership from 1% to 6% in the 1930s. The violence culminated further in 1947-49 Israels ruthless war of Independence. The Israel forced committed thirty-three massacre and vandalized 531 Palestinian towns. The war expelled over 750,000 Palestinian thus recording the highest number of Palestine refugee.
In June 1967, the Israelites launched another war and stole more land from the Palestine. Israel occupied the Gaza Strip and West Bank where they build the settlement for Jewish Israelites. More than 24,145 Palestinian homes have been demolished since 1967. The land that was confiscated by Israel was initially occupied by Palestine Christians and Muslims. The control of Jerusalem also perpetuated the conflict. Jerusalem is viewed as an important setting for both historical and religious narratives. During the six-day war in 1967, the Israel captured the East Jerusalem, which initially was in the control of Jordanians. Israel issued a new law in 1980 which stated that Jerusalem is the capital city of Israel.
The intifada, which was the Palestinian uprising moments against the Israel occupying Gaza and the West Bank. The intifada lasted for an approximate four years from December 1987 to 1991. The uprising was started at Jabalia refugee camp following a collision between an Israel Defense Forces truck and a civilian car. The accident killed four Palestinians. The incident raised a protest movement consisting of civil disobedience, general strikes, and economic boycotts. The intifada ended following a Madrid conference, and its conclusion was marked by the signing of Oslo Accords in 1993. The two conflicting party signed an agreement which concluded that Palestinian Authority should assume administrative responsibility in Gaza and West Bank for the next five years. The Britain government was granted a mandate over the territories of West Bank, Jordan, Gaza Strip and Ottoman Empire.
To sum it up, it is clear that various factors motivated the Israel-Palestinian conflict. The battle recorded the highest number of a Palestinian refugee in the history. The conflict started in the 1800s following Zionism. Despite the many years of being the victims, Palestine had their uprising moments during the Intifada. The land of Jerusalem administration also perpetuated the fight as both the parties felt that they should own the city of Jerusalem. The signing of Oslo accord calmed the conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelites.
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