Robbie Robertson in Globalization Is Not in the West discusses how globalization comes to our society and how it issues the challenge to expand and deepen democracy. Robertson further demonstrates the worldview of globalization and the way how we understand it. Furthermore, he mentions the historic perspective of globalization and how it differs from the way people see it today. The main idea that Robertson expresses is that globalization is not an unchecked process. The mutual interconnection of societies leads to the creation and manipulation of environments that people change. He also mentions the 3 effects of globalization people have experienced. The first wave of changes is the interconnectedness between China, Mongolia, and Europe. The second wave is the industrialization and the expansion of global products in the markets. The third wave is the end of many former ruling classes and the destruction of empires. The author Robbie Robertson identifies the challenges of globalization regarding human interconnectedness. He further specifies that these three challenges can cause globalization and increase the dynamic of human development. Every wave of globalization has its consequences. As for the first wave, the interconnection between China, Mongolia and Europe leads to the intercontinental trade that provokes the creation of new environments where people can expand their activity. This interconnectedness is not only the process that stimulates civilization and economic growth. It also accelerates such processes as urbanization because people occupy and work new lands. Moreover, it affects the growth of the population, change the way of humans nutrition and increase the worldwide product distribution.
As for the second wave, it has her own impact because it can be described as an era of industrialization. The huge growth of population generates new dynamics of development. A wide variety of technologies supports greatly the economy and proves to be highly profitable. High incomes also stimulate the military sector of the state economy. The success of the colonization and industrialization provokes the propensity for conquests but the leaders of the states do not realize that humans well-being and security depends on social powers.
The third way of globalization changes the rules that exist in societies and develops their democracy. This process prepares the ground for stability and international collaboration. Nevertheless, the process of democratization is very challenging. Firstly, it is difficult to expand the process of democratization in the global sense. Secondly, democracy should advances in the environment with favorable conditions. Thirdly, like every process, democratization introduces diversity that may give rise to instability.
To sum up, the author reviews various ways of globalization. He states that this process is rather challenging because it is always difficult to live in the period of changes. Robertson comes to the conclusion that globalization is a comprehensive process that affects every sphere of life and the society at large. The author demonstrates different viewpoints on the globalization and gives the historical background of this process. He strongly believes that the third wave of globalization that provokes democratization is the most significant one because only democratization can lead to stability and capacity to build reliable multicultural interconnections. Moreover, it develops skills that assist to control complex societies. Democratization is the process that can influence greatly the process of globalization and improve the dynamic of human development.
Robbie Robertson. The Three Waves of Globalization: A History of a Developing Global Consciousness. London & New York: Zed Books, 2003. Print
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