Socialization is the gradual learning of the rules, customs and regulations of a society by a baby. Sociologists refer to it as the ability to inherit cultural beliefs and ideologies from one's society. It is about learning the key processes of the society (Mitchell, 199).
Socialization agents are the social organization structures and techniques that regulate the behavior of individuals in a society. The society has four socialization agents. These agents include the family, academic institutions and peers as well as the media. Different societies have different socialization agents.
The family is the most important socializing agent in most cases. In a primitive society, it is the most important socialization agent. A family is the human concept of a person who is linked by consanguinity, resemblance and co-residence. It is the main agent of children socialization in many communities (Rosenberg, 672).
Socialization can begin and stop at any time. Some social scientists have created distinct stages of socialization. These stages include the oral, anal and oedipal socialization stages, as well as teenage. These stages are dominated by the family as the main socializing agent. The oral stage is when an infant does not interact with the entire family, but is a part of the mother's circle.
At this stage, the newborn does not identify its mother. Anal is the second stage and usually starts after the first year. It ends at three years. Anal stage is when the infant differentiates his mother's role from his own. This stage is when the child begins to understand fundamental issues of his society. The Oedipal stage begins when the infant is approximately four years old.
This stage sees the child become a fully integrated member of society and recognize his place in society. The last stage, the adolescent stage, begins in puberty. This is when the child wants to be free from his parents. This is when he decides on his career and who he will marry. He learns about the taboos in his community at this stage. This paper will focus on the family as the greatest socialization agent (Berns, 316).
Socialization: The Role of Family, Community and Friends
For most people, the family is their first step to socialization. It helps young people integrate their culture and identify themselves with their communities. It also provides the family with their social status. These members are taught about the dangers of early sex and how to avoid them. The society's young members often socialize with their families by learning their routines, and setting signals for what they want (Mitchell 296).
Family is an agent of socialization. This can be seen by the fact that young people grow up in a vicious circle, in which they are taught to love those who subjugate and strike them. Thus, the family is the first cell of society. The family is the first cell of society. Children begin to look after their siblings and parents to find ways to socially interact. This influence remains a powerful one in their lives.
Socialization has become highly dependent on the influence of family members. Socialization is a fundamental element. It doesn't matter how large or small the family may be. By watching their parents, young people learn to be friends with other people. They also learn to be respectful in conflict situations. They learn to get what they want from others.
The way their families view the world is how children are socialized. The nation may be seen as an insecure location, a place to learn and train, a place to love and support oneself, or a place where one must take care of oneself. These lessons change throughout the life of an individual. However, the impact of the family as an agent for socialization never diminishes (Berns 398).
The family is an agent for socialization. It provides the person with the skills and practices needed to participate in societal activities. The family is a key to cultural and communal stability.
It involves understanding how things work in society and developing emotional connections with community members. Socialization gives society members the ability to perform certain tasks within the society through the family. Socialization agents are most effective if they can be contacted by their closest relatives.
Family members provide love and care to their children. This fosters the child's social, emotional and physical development. The most important factor in the child's development is his or her parent. The interaction with family members helps the child develop social, acquaintance, loyalty and patriotic skills. Socialization becomes extremely difficult for a child who doesn't have a family to help him in his early years (Rosenberg, 672).
Family's primary function is to bring people into being, both socially and physically. The family experience of each person will change over time. The family is the primary unit of orientation for children. It is the social center of children and plays an important role in their culturalization and socialization. According to parents, the family is the core unit of procreation. Its goal is to bring together children, acculturate them, and give birth (Mitchell, 199).
Family has an impact on any community's social relationships. It is the social building block of any community's structure. It is also used to promote sociological change by establishing patterns of exchanging ideas. A family has a set or beliefs that guide how family members should interact and exchange ideas.
Two fundamental principles are the basis of family patterns that encourage ideas exchange. This refers to the value of communication and how the family unit tries to maintain a balance between different beliefs and attitudes (Rosenberg, 672).
The establishment of a family unit that is cost-effective in a community with sexual distribution of labor, matrimony, and the consequent relationship between people is essential. Though the original meaning of the family was blood associations, intellectual ananthropologists insist that the concept must be understood metaphorically. However, many communities recognize the family through other contexts, such as genetic detachments. (Berns 398).
The integrity of a state's maleness is what determines its veracity. It can actually be reproduced if the correct sex hierarchy is established and reproduced. This process is aided by the family. It unites all males and women in a society into a larger group in which they can be productive.
The family is the best institutional setting for carrying out a modern state's war effort. As a building block in the construction and elevation of the state, the family is understood as an agent of socialization. The family is a fundamental building block in the state's creation and elevation. It has its distinctive traditions of rebirth following times of deceit and decadence (Rosenberg, 672).
The family is seen as a safe place that provides complete fulfillment in modern society. It fosters intimacy, love, and trust in people who might otherwise be afraid to face the dehumanization process. Family is a refuge of warmth and compassion that resists the harsh world of trade. It protects its members from the outside world (Mitchell, 199).
In a customary society, the family is the main economic unit. However, this monetary role has slowly decreased in modern times. The family still has a huge influence in America's agricultural sector as well as many other areas.
It is still difficult to determine the relationship between socialization and artistic values, as well as the financial role of the family unit. Both national and religious organisations may be affected by family units. Young people in any society have a surprising respect for women and tend to question strong dictatorial leaders (Berns, 398).
As the ethics of family achievement have created new structures, the protective nature of the family is in decline. The family today is more rewarding than protecting. It is able to provide what is most important, but not in other communal arrangements. The ancient family organizations were well-developed. Because they didn't have to deal with problems such as separation and undisciplined kids, families were stable and happy.
A decline in family institutions is indicated by high rates of family division and births outside of wedlock. The purpose of marriages is no longer to be organized, but for financial gain. Children do not contribute to the family's profits. This increased love is a sign of a society's shift towards emotional implementation and family associations. This change actually leads to the demise of the family institution (Mitchell, 199).
Berns, Roberta. Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support. Belmont: Cengage Learning, 2010. Print
Mitchell, Barbara. Family Matters: An Introduction to Family Sociology. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press, 2008.Print
Rosenberg, Michael. Introduction to Sociology.Routledge: Routledge Publishers, 1983.Print
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