Essay Sample on Motive: The Driving Force Behind Human Needs & Actions

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  4
Wordcount:  986 Words
Date:  2023-01-28


Human beings are surrounded by a series of needs that recur in life, making it a habit of a continuous fulfillment of every obligation that emerges. However, behind every need in the human cycle, there is critical indexing of vents, which dictates, which events or needs that get the priority to ensure that they are looked for. The behavior, which is accompanied by an immense effort towards the act, is defined as the motive, or influencing force that pushes one to achieve what one wants. In other words, the concept of motivation is embedded in a series of motivation theories, that affect the hierarchy of needs, dictating which events require a higher degree of a priority than the others. In other words, motivation theory significantly affects the rate of motivation.

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Motivation can be addressed from different angles of life, where the variation of evert form of motivation can be critically evaluated to help understand the fundamentals of motivation. For instance, there is an intrinsic motivation of accomplishment or success for any student who starts college. The motive behind striving and enduring the demanding curriculum is to ensure that one has a rewording certificate of achievement of accomplishing the school. Never the less, the need for better employment in the field of practice may be though to be as one of the driving factors that significantly influence the strength of motivation.

On the other hand, motivation can also be assessed from previous successive stories from people who have already achieved in a similar domain. Through this, the success from the earlier people acts as a framework, of observation and guidance to ensure that one focuses on the main objective, despite the protruding challenges and obstacles that may emanate within the domain of practice.

What are Motives?

According to Harrigan, and Commons, (2015) a motive a psychological state of arousal that influences how we behave. In many cases, a motive is a leading factor behind every action we take. This is attained after psychological interest in meeting the demands of any need. For instance, a thirst or hanger is a psychological motive, which triggers us to eat or even quench the thirst. In many cases, the motive arouses by hanger, which leads us to eat, also may trigger another simultaneous set of events such as thirst during eating, which shifts our psychological attention into drinking water. On the other hand, yawning is a psychological motive that can be accessed to give a better description and relation between satisfaction and sleep. In many times, yawning ushers in rest, especially to the toddles, a step that may be similar to the adults, who bore and sleep after a heavy meal.

In many cases, a motive can be defined as an intervening variable, since it is thought to be residing within the conscience of a person, which triggers or intervenes between a stimulus and an action. Since an intervening variable is not easily observed, it calls for critical observation of the behavior to conclude activities related to a person.

Biological Approaches (Theories) To Motivation

The neural activities on motivation are significantly affected by different approaches to motivate behaviors that help humans react to any situation. This refers to both happy and painful moment, which a human can critically respond to it according to the form of the motive behind it. According to Cook and Artino (2016) study, the instinct theory insinuates that motivated behaviors are as a result of biological instincts. On the other hand, the Drive Reduction theory suggests that motivated actions or behaviors seek to curb or reduce the growth of driving tension triggers, through different sensations such as pain or hanger.

The dense network of neural patterns plays a critical role in coordinating different body organs and patterns. This includes a swift response triggered by the stimulus. The biological theory of motive, in this case, regulates the levels of motivation through a dense neural pattern, which recognizes a set of events and activities in the neural system. In conjunction, the psychoanalytical theory also suggests that all triggered behaviors follow a concise fundamental driver, which sustains them from death.

Behavioral and Social-Cognitive Theories of Motivation

The influence of individual experience is greatly affected by the social cognitive theory (SCT), that describes the influence of behaviors from others, and the surrounding environment (Cook, and Artino 2016). In other words, the act of a person can significantly influence the actions or behavioral practice of another person. For instance, positive behavioral methods attract many people, which in return may influence them to behave similarly. Role models, leaders, and celebrities, with positive behaviors, have a higher impact on the acts of others within the community or even society. By instilling positive social behaviors, it is possible for one to change any negative practices in society.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theoretical framework that describes human motivation approaches. The theory describes the levels of methods and satisfaction of steps which are necessary for each stage of comfort. Each level begins with basic, needs of life that can be achieved within the environmental factors. The motivation of Maslow's hierarchical needs is attained based on the achievement of one stage or level of the hierarchy.

Maslow's Hierarchy That Provides the Most Influential Motivation

Psychological needs, which include food, water, and rest, is a fundamental approach when dealing with human beings. The motivation behind this level helps an individual to work out to the top-level slowly. This is based on the need to understand that basic needs, provides an individual with an opportunity to leave, and adjust to other needs within the hierarchy.


Cook, D. A., & Artino Jr, A. R. (2016). Motivation to learn: an overview of contemporary theories. Medical education, 50(10), 997-1014.

Harrigan, W. J., & Commons, M. L. (2015). Replacing Maslow's needs hierarchy with an account based on stage and value. Behavioral Development Bulletin, 20(1), 24.

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