Essay Sample on Iceland: A Model of Sustainable Energy Progress

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Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1324 Words
Date:  2023-09-17

In a period when environmental change is making it essential for nations around the globe to actualize manageable energy arrangements, Iceland presents a one of a kind circumstance. Today, just about 100 percent of the power expended in this little nation of 330,000 individuals originates from a sustainable power source. Furthermore, 9 out of each ten houses are warmed straightforwardly with geothermal energy. The narrative of Iceland's progress from non-renewable energy sources may fill in as a motivation to different nations looking to expand a lot of sustainable power sources. Was Iceland's change a unique case that is hard to imitate, or would it be able to be applied as a model for the remainder of the world?

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For sightseers unwinding in the natural aquifers of Iceland's renowned Blue Tidal pond, simply outside the capital Reykjavik, the issues of environmental change and energy security are not liable to consume most bathers' psyches. In any case, what numerous guests might be astonished to know is that the heated water they are sitting in is a piece of an astounding excursion by one nation from oil reliance to a world head in outfitting sustainable power source.

Iceland's staggering view, with its exposed, magma flung pads, snow-topped mountain ranges, ice sheets, volcanoes, and natural aquifers, is because of its area on one of the world's significant separation points, the mid-Atlantic edge. While this section is drawing in an expanding number of sightseers annually, the geological eccentricities of the nation likewise infer that Iceland the only nation on earth that can acknowledge attaining 100% of its power and warmth from sources which are sustainable. There is no national network in Iceland – outfitting the energy comes by means of the amazingly straightforward strategy for drilling almost one of the nation's 600 underground aquifer regions, and utilizing the steam that is discharged to turn the turbines and siphon up water that is then channeled to close by settlements.

Iceland's geothermal energy occurred coincidentally. In 1907, a rancher in west Iceland took steam from a natural aquifer that ran beneath his homestead through a solid channel and into his home a few meters above. A couple of years after the fact, another rancher turned into the main Icelander to utilize underground aquifer water for a warming, and broad dispersion of boiling water to warm homes started in the capital in 1930. Icelanders started to outfit their normal forces into the 1940s, yet we're all the while getting 75% of the energy from coal until the oil emergency of the 1970s constrained it to change its energy strategy (Cook et al., 2016). With increasing costs, the administration moved its concentration from oil to hydropower and geothermal warmth. It put financing and assets into looking for new geothermal asset territories and assembled new warming administrations and transmission pipelines from warm fields into towns, towns, and ranches.

Iceland is frequently called "the place where there is fire and ice." It is this blend of topography and northerly area that gives the nation its broad access to renewables. The island lies on the Mid-Atlantic Edge between the North American and Eurasian structural plates, a functioning volcanic zone that controls its geothermal frameworks. There is an 11% spread of sheets of Ice covering the nation (Shortall & Kharrazi, 2017). Occasional dissolve takes care of cold waterways, which run from mountains to the ocean adding to Iceland's hydropower assets. Moreover, the nation has gigantic breeze power potential, which remains for all intents and purposes undiscovered.

Iceland's economy, reaching out from the game plan of warmth and force for single-family homes to tending to the prerequisites of imperativeness heightened organizations, is by and large constrained by ecologically inviting force essentialness from hydro and geothermal sources. The principle uncommon case is a reliance on non-sustainable power hotspots for transport. The country's geothermal imperativeness gives society different focal points other than force and area warming. It is commonly used to condense snow off walkways, heat pools, power fish developing, nursery improvement, and food getting ready, similarly with respect to the making of magnificence care items, for instance, stock from Iceland's praised geothermal spa, the Blue tidal pond.

What made this little nation take on these immense pivotal renewables? Despite true objectives, it was not the centrality of renewables for natural change that incited this unforeseen development. The drive behind this change was essential—Iceland couldn't proceed with oil esteem instabilities happening as a result of different crises impacting world imperativeness markets. It required a stable and monetarily reachable private imperativeness resource for its withdrew zone on the edge of the Virus Circle.

The troublesome introductory moves in the direction of Iceland's practical new developments, both for hydropower as well as geothermal, were taken closely by business visionaries. In the mid-twentieth century. A certain farmer made sense of how to use the geyser's water spilling out of the ground to develop an unrefined geothermal warming system for his estate. Areas a tiny bit at a time-dependent on his flourishing inciting progressively efficient examination of the geothermal resources. To encourage help geothermal imperativeness use, the Organization of Iceland developed geothermal entering alleviation support in the late 1960s (Shortall & Kharrazi, 2017). The save credited money for geothermal assessment and test exhausting, while simultaneously giving cost recovery to shelled endeavors.

The set up legitimate structure likewise made it alluring for families to associate with the new geothermal locale warming system as opposed to keeping utilizing non-renewable energy sources. At the same time, Iceland began to concentrate on huge scope hydropower improvement, which pulled in huge global mechanical energy clients. The objective was to bait new ventures to Iceland so as to differentiate its economy, make employments, and build up an across the nation power lattice. It was the blend of these improvements that made the Iceland of our occasions.

In this regard, Iceland can be of incredible help, welcoming guests to see for themselves in only a couple of days the different parts of a perfect energy economy just as its commitment to bringing a nation inside a couple of years out of a significant money related emergency onto a street of recuperation, economic development, and low joblessness. The different ways that Iceland's economy benefits are: 1) Peep power and warming for families and organizations make the energy bill far lower than in different nations, expanding the assets accessible for different uses and ventures. 2) Long haul access to clean energy has substantiated itself a magnet for remote speculation, for example, aluminum and other mechanical organizations. 3) Fish cultivating with geothermal warmth changing the ocean and new water temperatures as per the requirements of various species; the latest model being the development of a 2,000 tons Senegal sole fish ranch inside the Reykjanes geothermal force park. 4) The travel industry has profited to a great extent in ongoing decades from different spas of which the Blue Tidal pond is the most popular model just as from open-air pools and another way of life results of the perfect energy change (Cook et al., 2016). Presently the greater part a million travelers visit the Blue Tidal pond consistently, soon double the population of the nation.


The entirety of this shows from various perspectives how the change towards clean energy and the vision of manageability have fortified the Icelandic economy; undoubtedly, one of the clarifications for our fruitful recuperation after the money related emergency four years back. The advancement of a spotless energy economy is a decent protection strategy against long haul challenges, which definitely will keep on following the money related emergencies of things to come, against making the downturns of financial cycles excessively difficult.


Cook, D., Davíðsdóttir, B., & Kristófersson, D. M. (2016). Energy projects in Iceland–Advancing the case for the use of economic valuation techniques to evaluate environmental impacts. Energy Policy, 94, 104-113.

Shortall, R., & Kharrazi, A. (2017). Cultural factors of sustainable energy development: A case study of geothermal energy in Iceland and Japan. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 79, 101-109.

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