Essay on Moral Obligations of Psychological Researchers: Safeguarding Human Participants

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  2
Wordcount:  411 Words
Date:  2023-01-29


Psychological researchers have the moral obligation of safeguarding human participants from harm. Nonetheless, the vital issue under investigation for psychologists is that they understand that they have the responsibility of respecting the dignity and rights of the research participants (Schwartz, 2016). For psychologists, the ethical guidelines for research are written by the American Psychological Association. The goals of these codes are protecting the psychologists'' reputation, the reputation of the psychology profession, and the research participants.

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Roles of the Institutional Review Boards (IRBs)

The IRBs or research ethics committees offer protection for the human rights participants, which is also applicable to psychological research. IRBs achieve these protections through periodic and advance independent reviews of whether proposals for social experimentation are ethically acceptable (Grady, 2015). Additionally, IRBs check the potential biases of the clinical investigators. Through the IRBs, there are assessments of the compliance with the laws and regulations aimed to protect the human subjects used in psychological research.

Implications to the field of Psychology

In case a code of ethics does not exist, psychologists will always violate the human rights on the side of the research participants. Psychology is a very complex field, where social and individual values are ill-defined, and so is the desire of playing fairly. Without a code of ethics, there are no rules which provide consistency and direction (Grady, 2015). Psychologists will not be dedicated to producing the professional standards that guarantee the practical methods for identifying and resolving moral issues.

Ethical Considerations Regarding Parenting Styles

While there is proof that a specific parenting style is connected to a pattern of behavior, other crucial variables such as the temperament of the child play essential roles. Ethical issues include the cultural and social factors which play vital roles in child outcomes and parenting styles (Goyal, Wice, & Miller, 2017). When researching parenting styles, it is essential to respect the autonomy of the child and the parents.


Goyal, N., Wice, M., & Miller, J. G. (2017). Ethical Issues in Cultural Research on Human Development. Handbook of Research Methods in Health Social Sciences, 1-14. Retrieved from

Grady, C. (2015). Institutional review boards: Purpose and challenges. Chest, 148(5), 1148-1155. Retrieved from

Schwartz, M. S. (2016). Ethical decision-making theory: An integrated approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 139(4), 755-776. Retrieved from

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Essay on Moral Obligations of Psychological Researchers: Safeguarding Human Participants. (2023, Jan 29). Retrieved from

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