Brief Explanation of View (2-3 Sentences)
Critique - State Your Position on the View (2-3 Sentences)
Biblical Passages to Support Position
This is an eschatological view that places the events in some of the books of the Bible as events that will happen in the future. These books include Revelations and Daniel. This view holds that all prophesies will be fulfilled in the future. This view is the fundamental belief for most Christians. We believe that judgement and the events of eschatology will happen in the future. Isaiah 2:11-22
1 Thessalonians 4:155:11
The inaugurated eschatology is used to describe a belief in which the end times came to fulfillment with the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. This means that the eschatology is already here but in real sense it is yet to be consummated. This is proven in Christians waiting to resurrect while the Scripture says that we resurrect in the risen Lord. (Charles Dodd) It slightly contradicts the futurist view by promoting the belief that the eschatology is already here. The only difference is that this view the eschatology is only waiting to be consummated and fulfilled. (Col. 3:1). Since, then, you have been raised with Christ, set your hearts on things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God
(Rom. 8:1) There is no condemnation now for those who live in union with Christ Jesus.
This is an eschatological view that the eschatology has been fulfilled in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. It is a belief that advocates that instead of having a doomsday in the end times, the eschatology was fulfilled in the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. This view holds the belief that the kingdom of God is already at hand. This means that one should not hope for a future kingdom but rather live the moment because the kingdom that has been predicted is the one we are living in now. Matthew 12:28 But if it is by the Spirit of God that I drive out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you.
Mark 1:15 The time has come, he said. The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the good news!
Demythologization of Eschatology
This refers to a term that was brought up by Rudolf Bultman. Refers to a situation in which the word of God is interpreted in order to make it acceptable to the modern world. Every individual is entitled to one's own understanding of the Bible. This means that one is able to use the scripture to fit their understanding of it. (1 Cor. 1: 23) For consider, what have the philosopher, the writer and the critic of this world to show for all their wisdom? Has not God made the wisdom of this world look foolish? for it was after the world in its wisdom failed to know God, that he in his wisdom chose to save all who would believe by the simple-mindedness of the Gospel message. For the Jews ask for miraculous proofs and the Greeks an intellectual panacea, but all we preach is Christ crucifieda stumbling block to the Jews and sheer nonsense to the Gentiles, but for those who are called, whether Jews or Greeks, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God. And this is really only natural, for God's foolishness is wiser than men, and his weakness is stronger than men.
Eschatology and Theology of Hope
Eschatology is believed to the ending of the world as we know it to be. The theology of hope is the hope in salvation for the believers that will save them during and after the eschatology. This hope is based on the Christian faith and the belief that Jesus died and resurrected to save mankind. I believe that eschatology indeed is the understanding of the end times and the worlds ending. The theology of hope is a source of hope for us who believe in Christianity since we know that we are not all doomed and there is hope in salvation through the Risen Christ. But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.(Luke 21:36)
(Hebrews 9:28) So Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.
(1 Thess. 1:10) and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, Jesus who delivers us from the wrath to come.
Eschatology and Ethics
This is a discussion that arises from Helmut Thielickes work of Theological essays. He emphasizes the need for a Christian to understand the existence of conflict between the Church and the present age. This is based in affirmation of the New testament. It is important for us as Christians to realize that the present age and the future of hope is in existence. They are concurrent in our present lives and may conflict. It is therefore wrong to fully concentrate on the future yet the present shares the signs predicted for the future. Helmut T, Theological Ethics,(1958-1964)
This view is based on the belief of administration of and happening of events under the order of divine authority. It advocates the belief that there will be a secret coming of Jesus where the believers will be saved and the non-believers shall be judged. I believe that the dispensationalist view is a comprehensive view of the eschatology. By giving a wholistic approach to both the events leading to eschatology and the events that will happen after eschatology, this view brings to light what a Christian should expect during the end times. (1 Thes. 4:16-17) For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord.
The significance of eschatology.
As human beings, we all have a cycle of life in which we are born, we live and finally we die. This cycle is identical for all people and one thing common in all things that were created; they all have an ending. Animals, human beings and all other creatures die, while other creations eventually die and decompose. All these natural events help in ones understanding of eschatology. Eschatology is summarised to mean the study of the end times as proven in the Holy Bible. It is a study that seeks to explain the eventuality and the destiny of humanity during the final days of the world. It is a theory based on what the Holy Bible teaches about the final days of the world and the events that would occur to show the signs of the end of time. All the events used to explain eschatology are found in the Holy Bible in both the old and the New Testament. Eschatology focuses on several events. These include; Heaven and Hell, Rapture, Resurrection of the dead, The second coming of Jesus Christ, Tribulation, The worlds ending and judgement and finally, a New heave and New Earth. The second coming of Jesus Christ is proven in many verses of the Holy Bible (Titus 2:13) which states that "we wait for the blessed hope - the glorious appearing of our great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ." (Revelations 22:621)[Job 19:25-27][Dan 12:2] [Isa. 26:19]. All these verses are brought into fulfilment when Jesus raises Lazarus. It proves that when one dies, there is life after death and the hope of resurrection. Many people believe that the end times are near because of the fulfilment of most signs in Revelations. The views are differed as some scholars believe in a futuristic eschatology, others The Inaugurated Eschatology and finally the Realized Eschatology
Theology of Hope
The Bible teaches us that God is a merciful God who loves the mankind. For this reason, the theology of hope seeks to give more understanding on eschatology and concentrates on God's merciful and forgiving nature. In Col 1:27, Jesus is given as the main hope for Christians. All our beliefs and hopes are in Jesus Christ who is regarded as our Lord and our Saviour. Christians are also encouraged to have hope in Rom. 8.24, 25, and in Heb. 11.1. These scriptures encourage one to be hopeful especially in the unseen and maintain a belief that ones hope forms the greatest part of a believer. Scholar Jurgen Moltmann of Germany has been said to be the most influential scholar in relation to the theology of hope. He uses the belief and concept of eschatology as his guiding principle. This theology begins with the resurrection of Christ (1st Peter 1:3). The theology of hope views eschatological events as current events and seeks to encourage mankind to seek trust in God since He is the only and ultimate saviour and redeemer. It is the hope of a believer that forms the basis of one's beliefs and faith and sustains one through the journey of life.
The Dispensational premillennialism view of eschatology.
This view is based on the belief of administration of and happening of events under the order of divine authority and was compiled by scholars Irvingites and John Nelson Darby. The term, however has been used in several verses in the Bible such as Eph 3:2. This belief is founded upon several foundations. First of all is the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, then the great tribulation and the second coming of Jesus Christ. The view advocates the belief that no one knows the day, time or hour that Jesus will come for His second coming. It states that there will be a secret coming of Jesus before the start of tribulation (1 Thes. 4:16-17) and then there will be a second coming after the tribulations (Matt. 24:29-31; 2 Thes. 2:8). During the rapture, The Holy Spirit and all faithful Christians will be taken away from the earth. This will give the antichrist the chance to rule over the world and take over. The anti-Christ will give the people a false sense of peace and lead a war against the chosen nation (2 Thes. 2:6-7; Rev. 13). Jesus will then return secretly to defeat the antichrist. The resurrection of the dead also occurs at this time. Judgement will then occur for those who will still be alive after the tribulation (Matt. 23:39; Rom. 11:26) and (Isa. 65:17-25). Those who will be resurrected will live in the New Jerusalem, with Jesus sitting on the throne and ruling over the new city. Satan is bound at the beginning of the millennium and released after the second coming of Jesus Christ. All non-believers and sinners who are not chosen by God on Judgement day are sent to eternal fire in hell with satan (Rev. 20:7-9).
The Holy Bible
Wilder.A Eschatology and Ethics in the Teaching of Jesus: Second Edition, 2014
Alister.E Christian Theology: An Introduction Fifth Edition , John Wiley and Sons, 2011.
Moltmann,J Theology of Hope: On the Ground and the Implications of Christian Eschatology, Harper and Row, 1967
Helmut T, Theological Ethics, (1958-1964)
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