Do Media and Social Media Shape What We Believe - Research Paper Example

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Vanderbilt University
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Research paper
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The media is the source of information in the society today. It is also known as the fourth estate. The media is used for informing, educating and entertaining. The media uses different methods to educate people about the various issues in the society. They use different techniques. There are various channels of communication such as television, radio, print and the new media. The traditional media has become the mainstream, and the new media is facilitating the development in the society. The new media influences are as powerful as the traditional media. It impacts people and shapes the belief system both directly and indirectly.

As mentioned above, the media shapes the way people think and consequently what they believe by framing the information. The media gives priority to different news and keeps on reporting about it. This is known as highlighting. Framing involves how they report it. They media can report news using different angles. MCT (Pg 1) shows that the media influences the public opinion by how they develop the news and the news culture. For instance, the media can shape how people think by influencing one issue such as politics. The media influences different spheres in the society such as politics, economy, culture, education, religion, health and different issues.

The media can exaggerate details and use it to make people think in a certain manner. Also, the media can be a highlight and frame the information and use it to achieve its agendum. For example, the media can influence how people view relationships. The media can highlight and frame news in a way it shows how people relate and the issues people face in a while in relationships. The media can affect not only what people think about but even how they think about it as shown by Wolfsfeld (Pg 55). If the media highlights what relationship by consistently reporting about relationships. People will think about it and think about it using the opinion of the media. For example, if the media points out some of the common issues in marriages such as domestic violence. The media can encourage people to talk about it even while it is believed to be a taboo. This has been seen in the case where the world has awarded young children who ran away from early marriages. Early marriages were seen as a norm traditionally, but nowadays girls are running away and having access to rescue centers. This is achieved if the media articulates the issue of early marriages and how it has affected the lives of a young girl.


The media an articulate the role of education in the society. The people will be receptive and understand what it means for them when they are educated. This is how education has been embraced in Africa. Education was known to be a thing for the men, but this belief is changing since people now know even women can do it. The media highlights the power of an educated woman and how helpful it is for her community. This will encourage women to enroll in the different educating program and get an education. The belief will be transferred to the community and people will understand the role of education. Thus, the media influence the approach of matters in the society. Evidently, many women have received an education using the funding of different bodies that encourage women to sturdy. There has been the establishment of girl school. Also, the school where young women study even when they have children have been created to empower the girl child. This shows the power the media has on the different issues that shape the society.


The media influence the political arena of a nation. For example, I a presidential aspirant promotes policies that support the nation, the media can enhance his winning. For example, when President Barrack Obama was campaigning the media used its channels. The celebrities created songs that campaigned for him. In Rwanda it was different, the radio was the channel that propagated the political clashes that the country experienced. People believed that the other people were evil and deserved death. Thus, the media can even make people act according to the way they report their coverage as shown by Geoff Kemp (Pg 6). Thus, the media should use its power to support positivity in the society rather than animosity.


The media has played a big role in developing how people approach health. The media has made people understand the different health hazards and how people can avoid them. For example, the media has influenced how people live a healthy lifestyle. Women have been challenged to reduce weight and use have good shapes even after birth. Unlike in the past where people were not concerned about their body shapes. People now care about their weight and choice of food to eat. This shows that the place of the media in the society is a high place. People approach towards their weight has been influenced, and people embrace the different ways of living life in a healthy way.


Unlike in the past when religion was sacred and could not be pointed fingers at, the media has liberated people from such misconception. The people have a choice of religion and understand what they are doing. People can go to church and are in a position to understand what they want to know about spirituality. Hence, there has been the establishment of many churches in society. Also, the pastors who are cheating their congregation have been exposed causing people to be cautious about who leads them. The society has embraced the new churches that are accessed online, and people can now learn from their pastors from whichever place they are in. This shows how the media has influenced the people in the society.


The media has used entertainment as a platform to influence people more. They play music that causes people to have an emotion they want to achieve. For example, the different genres of music have been appreciated in the society using the different approaches that people have in life. People can now enjoy the music from a different part of the world. The people understand how they do it and the culture of people is spread. For example, people in Africa can appreciate the Jews culture even if they are not Jews. This is one of the factors that has facilitated the intermarriages of people from different cultures. Thus, the media has achieved its purpose in influencing the society.

The new media

The new media is the social media which includes podcasts, Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp, LinkedIn, emails and Skype. The new media has increased connectivity. Although it is a threat to the traditional media because it is fast and efficient. The traditional media has its place in the society. The new media has made it easy for people to collectively demand what they want. The new media is a facilitator for the society to air its needs. The traditional media cannot capture the whole of the society. The new media is like a bridge that gap as shown by Chat (Pg 2). The new media played a role in the society as well since people can now do things that were not possible before its invention.


Social media has managed to developed the business world with a significant impact. Social media is a market on its own for the business people. The social media has enabled people to access other products and has developed new products in the market. It has enabled people to achieve different goals in a lie with the business goals. This will be achieved through creating a positive image for their businesses online. The people can get new consumers and even keep their old clients. Social media campaigns have attained different goals for the society in large. Social media has improved the society, and its impact cannot be underestimated.

However, as much as the media has powered the media cannot control people. The people have a choice to make. The people can choose according to their gratification. Cruickshank (Pg. 3) shows that people do not consume media products if their needs are not met. This is true because people do not necessarily act in according to the way the media cannot influence them. The media do influence people, but it does not affect everything. This is so because if the media changed the society, then the people would be like robots however this is not the case.

In conclusion, the media has the power to change the society. Evidently, it has changed the society in the major aspects as shown above. The media has achieved different results using its various channels. It has also used the different methods to perform the different reactions in the society. The social media has also impacted the community positively as well. It has enabled people to articulate their needs, and theyve achieved goals. Social media as enabled has given power to the society and a choice for the information they want.


Works Cited

Chat, Seo. "Social Media and Society." Seo Chat (2015): 2.

Cruickshank, Jordan. "Uses and Gratification Theory." LinkedIn Share (2011): 1.

Geoff Kemp, Babak Bahador, Kate McMillan & Chris Rudd. "Politics and the media." Aukland University Press (2010): 6.

MCT. "Agenda Setting Theory." Mass Communication Theory (2010): 1.

Wolfsfeld, Gadi. Media and political conflict : news from the Middle East. Cambridge : : Cambridge Univ. Press, , 1997.



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