Criticism and Analysis of Hamlet

Paper Type:  Literature review
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1130 Words
Date:  2022-02-12


Hamlet is one of the most confused characters made by William Shakespeare. He is a crazy genius who makes vagueness and suspicion with his unmatched discourses and musings. Hamlet's speech " to be, or not to be, that is the question" in Act 3, Scene 1, which featured Hamlet's raw emotions about the passing of his father. Hamlet felt profound agony about the passing and considered suicide all through this monologue. He was at crossroads pondering whether to live or not. However, in the long run, he chose that ending his life is a transgression. Shakespeare utilizes allegorical gadgets, irony, and personification to think about an incredible advantage and of his demise and the general topic of extreme choices to make all through the content.

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In one of his monologues, Hamlet states "to be or not to be that is the question," which can be termed as an antithesis that gives the audience a view on the general fundamental thought, which is extremely basic leadership. Shakespeare's utilization of the antithesis demonstrates Hamlet's uncertainty and how extreme of a choice it is. All through the entire monologue, Shakespeare utilizes allegories to portray passing as rest. Hamlet states, " To die: to sleep; No more; and by a sleep to say we end; The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks; That flesh is heir to, 'tis a consummation; Devoutly to be wish'd" (Shakespeare 63). The significance of how solid he felt about never again living was splendidly shown through the allegory of dulling demise down and contrasting it with sleep. Likewise, in this speech, Hamlet says, "For in that sleep of death what dreams may come," which adds profundity to the general topic to extreme choices by representing how Hamlet sees demise and what conceivable beneficial things may occur (Shakespeare 63).

The treachery by his mother tosses Hamlet into a stun, and for a minute, he discovers a self-destructive mood where "The uses of this world" (Shakespeare 15) appear to him " How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, Seem to me all the uses of this world!" (Shakespeare 115). Hamlet would have murdered himself if God had not made a canon. "His canon 'gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! " (Shakespeare 15). After Hamlet finds reality with regards to his father, he experiences a horrible period, which is comprehended as an antecedent to insanity by the actors and characters.

The audience and characters expect that Hamlet's facade is planned and passing to disguise his genuine distemper from other people as well as himself. His insanity might be a natural want to get some distance from the nerve-racking consideration of himself and his conditions. However, he may have turned disturbed not long after his father's passing. Hamlet admits to Horatio that he sees his father in his fantasies, giving proof that Hamlet's madness could have at first come about because of the grief after his father's burial and the quick remarriage of his mother. From the start of the play, the audience never gets acquainted with Hamlet's ordinary conduct; they just observe his despairing, his resentment, and his alleged madness. Nobody can guarantee that Hamlet was acting conventionally in the beginning and afterward turned distraught. No one can state whether Hamlet is distraught or that his brain functions normal. Hamlet's surprising character is incomprehensible and has a considerable number of characteristics that ramify themselves in numerous ways, some being sound and some unhealthy.

Everybody sees Hamlet diversely and has purposes behind that point of view. Claudius is sure that Hamlet represents a risk to his authority and suspects an ulterior motive since Hamlet hints a few times that he knows the murderer. On the other hand, Polonius believes he will imperil everybody in the kingdom, Gertrude and Ophelia trust he is merely going through a stage that will, in the end, be gone. Hamlet's conduct towards Ophelia is frequently observed as unpredictable; however, his affection is enduring. He affirmed he cherished Ophelia and that " I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers

Could not, with all their quantity of love, Make up my sum. What wilt thou do for her? " (Shakespeare 126) During the battle with Laertes in Ophelia's grave and possibly declines to show her affection when she returns his letters and handouts to guard herself against Claudius, who she alleged would use her as leverage if he discovered Hamlet adored her. The equivalent can be said for Ophelia. Even after Hamlet commands her to "Get thee to a nunnery" (Shakespeare 65), she won't accept that he is a crazed lunatic withdrawn from the real world, but a man who has been turned insane by circumstances and thoughts.

The dramatization in the play isn't just Hamlet's misconceptions and internal conflicts with reality itself yet additionally his narrow mindedness with other individuals' numbness of the circumstance wherein they are inundated. Hamlet is incensed with Gertrude (his mother) for not admitting that she took part in his father's death and that she committed infidelity intentionally. Hamlet reassures himself with the way of thinking that amidst the clamoring scene around him, he is the only rational individual when really, he simply wouldn't like to assume liability for his activities. He can't bear to feel powerless when he has a sacred obligation approaching over his head. Hamlet executes the King finally to vindicate himself and not his father. This brings up the issue of whether Hamlet pursues the mission for vengeance as a demonstration of obligation or want.

Hamlet sees this crucial as a commitment than a longing, which is made crystal clear when he vows to " I'll wipe away all trivial fond records, All saws of books, all forms, all pressures past, That youth and observation copied there" (Shakespeare 31) and make his father's decree his first need. Likewise, Hamlet considers suicide when his ethical quality clashes with his motive to kill Claudius and in the long run, addresses the expectations of the soul, figuring it may be " It is a damned ghost that we have seen, And my imaginations are as foul" (Shakespeare 69). Hamlet doesn't aimlessly pursue the sets of the apparition and chooses to test his uncle's guilt by reenacting the homicide in a play, in this manner postponing the execution, and demonstrating indeed that Hamlet would not like to slaughter Claudius. Hamlet longed to leave Denmark. The main thing that shackled his opportunity and constrained him to " suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune" (Shakespeare 63) was the ethical commitment to his father.


Hamlet could have counteracted his demise the off chance that he had been composed and resolute as his counterpart Horatio. Hamlet's contrived insanity is the thing that made him so special. The intelligent analysis, the thoughtful creativity, and his splendid plans are what made him remarkable and a man of expertise.

Work Cited

Shakespeare, William. "The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark." 1999, pp. 1-142.,

Cite this page

Criticism and Analysis of Hamlet. (2022, Feb 12). Retrieved from

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