Mosaic Floor Tile Fragment
Mosaic design in the floor has emerged one of the most outstanding arts as far as floor design is concerned. The traditional of mosaic tile design is to create floor patterns when tiles are laid in a way that a design is achieved. Mosaic floor are abundant and the present several chunks of the mosaic designs which are engraved together to achieve several patterns. Designers have traditionally added colors to a section dye that is molded to. Quilt and tile makers develop their artistic designs to reflect on the layers, which involves adding mosaic tile. The step relates to a quilter first layer where cement prior to the tile is being pressed. The mosaic floor design is converted into quilts using fabrics and piercing or applique techniques that are blended with each other to produce a lasting design effect. Mosaic design in floor has a profound impact on the feelings of the user. While it common knowledge that art creates warm feelings, Mosaic in floor creates feels of romance and tranquility, which makes the user feel secure and comfortable. To be evidenced below, the romantic effect is achieved through carefully planning the artistic effect.
Descriptively, Mosaic Floor Tile Fragment has with time adopted the feelings of romance and attraction as a strategy to achieve distinctive romantic effects. In their designs, the designs contain angular composition that contains an eight-pointed linear star in the yellow circle and concentric black rings. Most of the designs are inscribed on the symmetry and are in harmony of design, some inaccuracies and irregularities that are observed and fitted together. The mosaic floor is clear traces through mosaic that results in damages that are repaired. The marble floor on the west is slightly longer than its eastern counterpart. Initial decorations of the mosaic floor began in early Roman triclinic in Alexandra. The triclinum mosaic from Villa Alpha can be distinguished through tesselatum and sectile.
The infrequent examples were already being adopted in Egyptian floors as well as other areas in Cyrenaica and North Africa, and most especially in medieval times in Northern Italy. Cities such as Thebes and Memphis, as well as Babylon and Nineveh were already implementing various designs. The fields were decorated using various orthogonal patterns of adjacent squares that are formed through various rectangles and the small square created and achieved through interlaced bands. Known to have their origin in Mesopotamia, mosaics are important art. They existed as early as the 3rd millennium. Their popularity was enhanced in Greece and Rome. The patterns and pictures of collections came to advance with time depending on where they were being used. A good example was the use of mosaic art to decorate the Byzantine Empire between the 6th and 15th centuries. They found their uses in many historical buildings, which were mostly religious and administrative. When the Catholic churches were mushrooming in Rome, mosaics were used to decorate the wall and ceilings. Picture of Jesus, Virgin Mary, and other Biblical characters was made using glass mosaic and some persisted to the present day.
Christian Basilicas, which were some of the largest buildings then, were decorated using tiles and this enhanced their popularity further. Other significant buildings and architecture that employed mosaics in their construction include Norman kingdom located in Sicily, Venice and Rus in the Ukraine. Islamic art was not left behind either. The first Islams masterpiece building known as the Dome of the Rock was decorated using Mosaic glass. In Damascus, the Umayyad Mosque also adapted mosaic art in their construction. It was not long after that Mosaic went out of style. Most of this can be attributed to the Renaissance period where people were embracing new practices, designs, and inventions.
Creation historical Evolution and Medium
The romantic aspect in mosaic has gradually evolved through the use of patterns, the material used and places used. In the 4th century, pebble mosaics were the trend; this came to be known as the Bronze Age. Such examples of Bronze Age mosaics can be traced at Tiryns and Macedonian palace. The materials used during these times had a deep nourishing effect of Mosaic art. Safe to say, the Greeks were the first people to adapt ornate use and were a great source of prestige to them. Their paintings were figural mosaics well put together to come up with beautiful art. The Romans then enthusiastically borrowed a leaf from the Greeks, however, unlike Greeks; the Romans used mosaic to decorate their floors. Italic dwelling and Hellenistic Villas are examples of such buildings where pebble mosaics were appreciated. In fact, the Ancient Church of Meggido was a perfect example of how the mosaic designers were more interested in creating a romantic feeling from the art. Greeks and Romans mosaic had one thing in common, they both used considerably smaller cubes of approximately 4 millimeters. These cubes would be produced in their workshops and transported to the construction site attached to temporary support due to their fragile nature. The mosaic art consisted of very fine detail that one would miss if not keen enough. They would then incorporate the aspect of illusionism into the mosaic art by way of painting. Although wall mosaics were discovered earlier, they remained unnoticed until the Christian era when they became a dominant form of expression of art. Most of the earliest Christian mosaics did not survive to the present day. However, the Basilicas of Santa Pudenziana and Santa Constanza can be used as classic examples, and they date back to the 4th Century. It is therefore clear that the need to engage the romantic and warm effect was evolutionary, hence there is a need to explore the three primarily designs that were adopted with time.
The romantic effect in production is felt through three primarily effects which include, direct method, indirect method and double indirect method.
Under this method, the romantic effects are felt easily through the surface. Given that most of these artistic design adopts effects that are both graphical and textural, it is clear that the romantic effect is easily noted through the surface. In early civilization, the surface that was meant to be supporting the design was made in a rough way, such that it could be felt through the feet. Most of the designs adopted a 3D feature, which was easier to accomplish through the designs. This method was useful in coming up with art such as vases. The period when this method was the main one used in the production of mosaic was during the construction of the European wall where the ceiling was conveniently fitted with mosaic. Beneath this historic wall were outlines of under drawings that are evident every now and then when the mosaic that is covering them comes off.
Even so, for small the direct effect was did not take the 3D effect, although the romantic aspect was to be felt in every stage of the design. This method of production also has the upper hand over the others in that it reveals the underlying mosaic, thus, allowing room for tile color adjustment and/or placement. The fragment romantic effect was more so felt through the choices of coloring. It became important to ensure that the color kept crushing in romantic way, in a way that the design features could be felt in a much more convenient way.
The technical inherited some of the features of the direct method; however, its romantic effect was felt through patterns and wave like features. The technique was more convenient for large buildings. Indirect method involves projects punctuated with repetitive elements or patterns. It is also the method of preference for sites requiring very particular shapes and designs. The tesserae is applied on tiles facing down using a backing paper that has adhesive properties. The tiles are later transferred onto floors, walls and other desired surfaces but they must have a large surface area for best results. The primary advantage that this method has is that it allows the artist time to review and rework areas that he/she needs modified. In fact, Florence Nightngale appreciated the strong impact of Mosaic colors under the indirect method in creating tranquility and romance amongst her sick patient during the war. It also allows these tiles to be cemented to the panel that they are being backed on. Clearly, the 3D effect was not incorporated because the colors did most of the mosaic features. In this case, the artist adopted a composition of color, which would bring the most profound effect on the user.
Double Indirect Method
The technique is still the most widely used in modern architecture because it adopts coloring as well as 3D effects, using small pebbles or stones. Like its predecessors, the romantic effect is adopted through the perfect composition of color and 3D effect. To achieve the romantic feeling, the medium used for this method is usually an adhesive-backed paper, putty or even a sticky plastic. The significant concern of the medium used is that it should possess some adhesive properties for it to be effective, which are carefully created and uniquely blended so that a perfect rhyming of color can be felt. The direct method is felt through the coloring and the composition of 3D effect, which relates to the mosaic effect. The 3D effect combined with color introduced ambiance lighting in the building hence refracting light to the interior rooms of the buildings, a principle effect in creating romantic feelings. Upon the completion of the mosaic, another medium that is similar in nature is placed over it. For a deep romantic effect, the art is turned so that the original medium is now at the bottom. It is gently removed to avoid messing the art. It is the most complex of the three methods and it requires great skill and expertise. One false move can end up damaging the artwork and is avoided by many people due to its complexity. Perhaps, the biggest win of this method is the ability to view and control the result of the mosaic. Clearly, the double indirect method has emerged to have one of the most direct characteristic of romanticism, primarily adopted from the earlier opinions of Italian designers. The perfect combination of color and the 3D effects has encouraged the users of these arts to feel a deeper unique effect.
Clearly, romantic and tranquil feelings were the center most consideration of early mosaic floor designers. Evidently, through the direct, indirect, and later the double indirect design, it became possible to achieve these feelings in harmonist. The feelings were aggregately achieved given that it was possible to the control the natural effect of these designs while ensuring that the designs improved the thinking of a person. For instance, the romantic and tranquil feelings achieved through the mosaic were used to improve the healing process of Florence Nightingale patients. However, the field of the romance and tranquility in relation to mosaic designers is still not explored enough. A qualitative and quantitative research will help in shedding more light to these discoveries.
Adams, E. 2008. "The Ancient Church At Megiddo: The Discovery And An Assessment Of Its Significance 1". The Expository Times 120 (2): 62-69. doi:10.1177/0014524608097822.
Creative Homeowner Press. 2012. Ultimate guide: ceramic & stone tiling: ceramic, stone, glass, mosaic, porcelian. Upper Saddle River: Creative Homeowner.
Facchini, Giuliana m. 2011. The Roman mosaic glass of Nothern Italy: finds and distribution. Milano.
Hills, Paul. 1999. Venetian colour: marble, mosaic, painting and glas...
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