The main reason as to why people occupy certain areas is due to the need for survival. However, various factors may attract peoples attention in a particular field. For instance, an agricultural-oriented community needs a place with a favorable climate. Meanwhile, coastal development is an issue that has captured the attention of most authors as well as researchers. According to Gunther (2016: 1), most people have shown interest in the area in the recent years. Gunther says that the area has endless streams of income, and hence it motivates the growth of the economy. Contrary, Hanak (2011: 45-73) argues that coastal development has been facing various challenges irrespective of it generating income. One of the challenges involves a severe climatic change that mostly affects agriculture and settlement. Hanak primary objective is to reveal the secret behind coastal areas achievements and opportunities. Though it is the most productive place in the country, there is a need to understand the other side of the coin. Wescott (2016: 2) continues to support Gunther point by addressing Victorian beach as being the center of tourist attraction in the area.
Additionally, the government believes that by developing the coastal regions there will be tremendous growth of the economy. On the contrary, the rise of sea level has slowly become inevitable, Hanak (46). The development of the coast targets to improve the lives of people around, but it seems the intentions are turning upside down. For instance, Hanak (2011) says that building armor to prevent sea rise will protect people but on the other hand, challenge their living styles. Hanak continues to say that armor will not only destroy the environment but also it will destroy the habitats belonging to sea animals. Also, the armor will destroy the beauty of the land since there will be an elimination of all beaches. Hanak (2011) argument compliments with Wescott (2016) who thinks that Coastal region should remain as it is due to the need to guard the wealth that comes from the beaches. His argument makes sense since Coastal Development (2016) says that coastal development risks almost 25% of the globes coral reefs. According to Coastal Development (2016), the coastal areas can be protected as well as managed in other different ways. People believe in the situation of the coastal management system, and it has the capability of developing the area without necessary risking the life of any creature.
However, there are two factors associated with poor coastal conditions. According to Hanak (60), most people have settled in the area until the last few years. The region experiences crowd of people from all spheres of the world. Due to the need to survive, people have started to occupy places while other exploits every resource they find. To Gunther (10), the more people migrate to the coastal areas the more productive it is continuing to be. His argument contradicts with that of Hanak (63) since an increase in the number of people decreases the available resources and hence living the land empty. It is important to note that coastal areas have settlers with varying intentions. Not all individuals who settle there want it to grow but rather they want to enrich themselves and the leave it bare.
Moreover, sea level rise remains the primary challenge to the people of the area. On the contrary, all the methods that the coastal management has at hand yields almost the same problems, Coastal Development (14). For instance, developing the area would expose the people of the city to various problems like that of sewage linkages and killing of sea animals. According to Wescott (2016), coastal beaches allow tourists to enjoy warm water as well as playing with the water creatures. Therefore, Wescott point of argument supports Coastal Development in the idea of looking for other alternatives for development.
The loss always accounts as negative irrespective of the situation. Whether the coastal areas lose sea creatures due to massive destruction, there will always be a drawback in the economy. It is due to the same reason as to why Hanak (2011) says that the overcrowding that has currently stricken the coastal areas is risking the economy. Most people have seemed blind by the resources around the area, and hence, they do not have the time to look at the demerits or even the risks. According to Wescott (15), the government blames the Victorian management system for all the misery. However, the management itself has been successful since it formation. It has shown lots of competence in its ways of solving problems as well as designing new ways of implementing change. Hanak (2011) makes it clear that all the problems that coastal areas have suffered are due to the high number of settlers who are hard to control or even monitor. Therefore, there is no enough evidence to support the argument of the management being the source of the problems.
Although there is a need for change as well as the development of the coastal areas, the practices are risky to human beings, coral reefs, and also to water species. Coastal Development (2016) calls it a risk not worth taking. It is hard to foretell the outcomes of the of the development practices that the management intends to use. If the program goes wrong, then millions of species not to count people will have perished. However, Hanak (70) has analyzed two points that lead him to make a conclusion. First, he holds to the fact that armor can precisely be used to prevent sea level rise, but the consequences of its completion will leave everything in pieces. Hanak says that armor will destroy the lands and especially the beaches that bring millions of profit to the economy. According to Wescott (2016) the closure of Victorian beach could probably result in a great loss to the Australian economy. One can readily understand that coastal areas are of great importance to the economies of most countries. Gunther (2016) himself has proved that when he says that the coastal regions attract around 80% of all tourism activities. On the contrary, Gunther supports his argument by observing the other part of the inhabitants. He says that though tourism improves the state of the economy, on the other hand, it leads to the destruction of local's cultures. Also, he adds that most tourists participate in the pollution of the land and hence forcing the locals to put a restriction in the area. Gunther continues to say that the local people in the coastal regions plans to protect their land and thus they have the right to implement any policy given that it will rescue the nation from its misery.
Hanak, Ellen. California coastal management with a changing climate. http://link.springer.com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/article/10.1007/s10584-011-0295-2. 25 October 2011. March 2012, Volume 111, Issue 1, pp 45-73.
Coastal Development.Reef Resilience. 4 July 2015. http://www.reefresilience.org/coral-reefs/stressors/local-stressors/coastal-development/. 31 January 2016.
Gunther, Michel. Tourism and coastal development.WWF, 31 January 2016.
Wescott, Geoff. Unheralded and optional plans put coastal care at risk.The Age.http://www.theage.com.au/it-pro/unheralded-and-unnecessary-plans-put-coastal-care-at-risk-20100131-n6ee.html. 20 January 2016.
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