Paper Example on Brain Cells: Age-Related Changes and Mental Health

Paper Type: 
Pages:  7
Wordcount:  1688 Words
Date:  2023-05-30


The human brain undergoes various transitions as an individual grow physically and mentally, and a person's age determines the level of stress and strain on an individual's brain cells. Over time, and depending on the individual's lifestyles and physical activities, the human brain cells tire through natural biological cell processes. As such, a child's brain cell is different from an adult's, and the same is true for the mental illness disposition between adults and children. Most studies have been conducted by researchers to analyze the underlying interrelation between mental illness and aging, and the following discussion revolves around the literature review on the context of mental health problems and aging.

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Mental Illness

Amen (2020) discusses mental illness as psychological health problems and disorders that affect human thinking, individuals' moods, as well as behavior. The most prevalent depictions of mental health problems include depression, schizophrenia and addiction, disorders relating to anxiety and panic attacks, and eating disorders (Fernandez & Paul, 2017). Though the problems might be temporal and recurring, people should not discard concern for mental health should not be at any time as the human brain is crucial to human thinking and behavioral conduct. The two aspects control human living and interrelation within society, and any impairment to the logical and rational thinking process is a threat not only to the victims but those around (Hobfoll, 2011). Early professional intervention is necessary whenever the people witness the onset of psychological stress and mental dysfunction amongst members in the community.


Aging, on the other hand, is a natural growth development process that all human and living things undergo in their lifecycles. Segal, Qualls, and Smyer (2018) reported that the United States has over 20% of elderly persons who have mental dysfunction. Moreover, and most astonishing, is the fact that almost eighty percent of this population requires mental health counseling. It is the responsibility of society to take care of her elderly. Yet, as witnessed in most states and healthcare systems, the elderly comprise little expense and delegation of resources to give them comfortable and meaningful life at old age.

Most researchers have tried to unearth convenient means to take care of the elderly within society. Healthcare facilities are becoming overwhelmed with other health issues that it has little concern for the mental health of the elderly. This fact calls for active discussion on how to care for elderly persons outside the confines of a healthcare institution. An article by WHO (2020) records that a staggering 15 - 25 percent of the mentally impaired are living with families in towns, and 8 percent of them have a complex mental issue requiring specialized psychiatric care.

Mental Illness and Aging

There is neglect in the provision of home care services and precautionary care to the elderly. Organizations and social groups managing the elderly report that the general community, and state authorities, have lessened their levels of concern and support towards elderly members in society (Humphries et al., 2016). The reason for this occurrence is the recurrent unsatisfactory organization that still ensues even after organized programs such as preretirement advising or counsel to the older members of society. The outcome is the disintegration of accessible health resources, double healthcare services to the elderly, and shared obligations within the community (Field & Brown, 2019). These actions call for more significant concern to intervention measures to safeguard the elderly from stress and logical disorders as a result of aging.

Literature Review

Existing understanding about how people age is still limited in perspective. Increasing quality health services enable humans to live into ripe age, and this fact presents a communal problem to social health experts. The resultant effect of superior medical institutions and healthcare means that the society has many elderly persons (...). As a result, researchers should continuously conduct more research to analyze the clinical conditions that best address mental illness in old age.

Principally, psychological issues that affect old people are the most neglected. This neglect adds to the suffering experienced by majority of the elderly and mentally challenged. Treatment for this group of individuals could conducted and the members benefit from various intervention to improve mental well-being. Veale et al. (2017) stated that health care and social factor interventions greatly boost the mental health being of the elderly within society. The timely identification, comprehension, and diagnosis of mental health problems will alleviate old age suffering in most individuals. Early intervention also cuts costs of care to the elderly, and this element lessens the burden of concern to the family members and the society as a whole.

Literary Works

Research conducted by Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience scholars in their article "Aging and Mental Health" shows that there is an interrelation between aging and mental illness. The scholars offer different perspectives on the aging process and how mental disorders come about, other from genetic factors and some from life experiences and lifestyles. With over 17 papers under consideration, the authors focused on mental cognition factors of the neuron-cellular contrivances within the brain and relate these too mild cognitive impairments and delirium, as well as the effects caused by physical exercises and conditions within the healthcare setting.

Goldberg (2019) also piloted an fascinating review on the relationship concerning aging and cognitive prowess. The researchers looked into economic factors that affect the quality of life and their interrelation to social decision making. The researcher informs that over time, the social constructs within society have a toll on human thinking and decision making.

As individuals grow older, these social models become automatic reactions, and the brainpower to decide on constructive social actions become autonomous (Miller, 2020). As a result, the authors conclude that as people grow old, they also tend to be more prone to mental health problems. This fact, however, does not negate other reality that mental health concerns are for everyone within the society, and they all can be affected at any given point in life.

Liben et al. (2018) also conducted a descriptive research study to inform on how aging affects cognitive prowess. The authors have delivered an extensive survey that presumes to recognize that aging impacts on the brain with the assistance of semantic investigation than with other intellectual assessments, which would have applicable clinical ramifications. These scholars present an intriguing delivery that, on certain occasions, it is best to conduct biological analyses to measure mental cognition abilities rather than use psychological and psychiatric evaluations.

Jutel (2019) stated that physiological measures have a better chance of detecting mental health problems. The researchers propose physiological interventions at an early stage than psychological interventions that, in most cases, detect mental health illness already when the disorder is at advanced stages of development and resultant dire impact to the patients. The paper by Meng et al. (2006) as cited by Aldin et al. (2017) inspects the effect of maturing on the cerebrum's powerlessness to perceive pictures of fluctuating emotional senses fully.

Stimulus triggers sensations to human brain cells depending on the intensity of the emotional level depicted via visual perception and hearing sensations. In the study, however, Meng and his group of researchers evaluated the impact of emotional intensities to psychological thought processes. The results propose that more seasoned grown-ups are increasingly impervious to the effect of harmful improvements, while they are furnished with an upgraded attentional predisposition for positive boosts.

MacLullich and Shenkin's (2019) research introduce two investigations about psychotic cases in the clinical interpretation of delirium and dysfunction in the cognitive powers for the elderly. The researcher recognizes that the pathogenesis of these postoperative intellectual impedances is multifactorial. They underscore the use of incorporated frameworks of science to reproduce the fundamental system of psychological thought processes. This research believes that there is recognizable proof of prognostic and symptomatic biomarkers.

The subsequent one, delivered by Hillyer (2019), finds a decent unwavering quality of MDAS and the cutoff point for the analysis of incoherence. Their study evaluated the determinants of aging, and the additional value in assessing medical interventions aimed at alleviating end of life suffering to the elderly, particular related to mental health problems. Psychological, social, and physical paradigms are the outstanding variables that informed their judgments. From their exposition, the authors intone that psychological, social, and physical components of human living have a bearing on the mental well-being of individuals.

As per the WHO (2013) "Psychological wellness Action Plan 2013-2020", positive mental cognition abilities are an indispensable piece of well-being and prosperity. Mental wellness incorporates single attributes of the individuals as well as social, financial, political, and natural elements. The report perceives that relying upon the setting specific gatherings, for example, more established individuals, are at a greater danger of having psychological well-being issues and like this having higher paces of incapacity and mortality.

The primary issues concerning maturing and psychological wellness are anticipations, early finding, and acknowledgment of significant illnesses, treatment, and personal satisfaction mediations, at both individual and network level. Accessible information about the maturing procedure and emotional wellness are as yet inadequate. Moreover, the difficulties of maturing populaces guarantee more research activities into clinical conditions, more seasoned individuals' needs, and pathways of care.

With the expansion in a healthy future, constant conditions inborn to maturing, for example, dementia, are unavoidably developing alongside related conduct and mental issue, which features the requirement for explicit intercessions in old psychological health issues. Close to dementia and gentle psychological hindrance, different items like feebleness, insanity, and the hazard for emotional well-being issues or the neglected needs of more established individuals, require significantly more consideration from experts and strategy operators.

The weight of psychological well-being issues is much of the time considered as an unavoidable piece of the way toward maturing, exacerbating the effectively negative generalization about being old. Emotional well-being issues, especially those influencing mature age, are as often as possible belittled. This addition contribute to the enduring of numerous individuals that could be dealt with, as well as advantaged from different societal aspects and medicinal services intercessions to upgrade prosperity for the elderly.

Theoretical Foundation

Psychological well-being and the mental issue relates to two unique zones of the hypothesis that mirror our natural propensity to dichotomize sound minds and insane individuals. As cited by Fletcher (2018), David Mechanic (2006) contends that the expression "emotional wellness" has no unmistakab...

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