Nationalism, Liberalism, and Marxism Essay Example

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1117 Words
Date:  2022-06-27

How Did Nationalism Change The World?

The occurrence of nationalism in the nineteenth century created certain effects that lead to major changes towards the social and political order in the world. Nationalism can be traced to different languages, different races, skin color and the way this components work and live together. Nationalism is referred to as the social, political and economic system characterized by upholding the interests of a specific nation, mainly with the intention of maintaining and gaining self-governance over the country or homeland.

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Nationalism changed the world in various ways that include, first. Nationalism leads to the creation of the arms race of the nineteenth century. For example the formation of the arms race between Germany and Britain that was formed before the World War 1. The naval arms races were later intensified in the year 1906 when HMS Dreadnought was introduced (Smith & Anthony 101) HMS Dreadnought was a revolutionary battleship that made all the other previous warships obsolete. This lead to Britain is always leading Germany in every category of a battleship. Secondly, nationalism led to the elimination of feudalism and the development or creation of nation states. This occurred mainly in the Europe region, the outcome of this creation lead to the start of various rebellions that existed in most areas of Europe mainly after 1815. Thirdly, nationalism also mainly contributed to the occurrence of the World War 1 and other 20th century wars (Smith & Anthony 30). World War I acted as a blow to the monarchies and also as the final victory of nationality. The war helped to draw boundaries among ethical groups that later became minorities. For example the Austro Hungarian empire. Thus the nationalisms records made it a deadly brief in history

Explain the differences between, nationalism, liberalism, and Marxism


Liberalism, this is a political doctrine that assumes that protecting and enhancing the freedom of a person is the main problem in politics. The liberals believe that the government is essential in protecting the people from harm from fellow colleges, but on the other hand, they acknowledge that the government itself can act as a threat to liberty. In the modern liberalism, the main government's purpose is to eliminate the challenges that hinder people from clearly identifying their full effort. Examples of the challenges include diseases, poverty, and discrimination (Skinner & Quentin 96). Liberalism intended to replace the belief of the hereditary privileges, absolute monarchy, state religion and the traditional conservation with the right rule of law and representative democracy. According to john lockable who is considered to be the founding father of liberalism, every person has a right to liberty, life, and property. He indicated that the individual rights should not be violated based on the social contract, but rather they should be upheld and safeguarded.


Nationalism is referred to as the social, political and economic system characterized by upholding the interests of a specific nation, mainly with the intention of maintaining and gaining self-governance over the country or homeland. The political perception of nationalism is that a nation should govern itself without any outside interference. This is considered as the concept of self-determination. Nationalism may be referred to as a modern or current movement considering that, throughout the entire history people have been attached to their parent's traditions, the native soils and have created territorial authorities. Nationalism is often considered to be old and is mistakenly connected to as permanent characteristic in the political behavior.


Marxism Refers to the socio-economic analysis, which views social conflict relation and class relation through the use of a materialistic interpretation of the historical growth and also takes a deflective study concerning social transformation. Marxism uses the historical materialism method to critique and analyze the growth of capitalism and the function of the class struggle in the developing economic change (Korsch $ Karl 57). The Marxian theory indicates that conflicts start in the capitalist societies as a result of the contradiction of material interest of oppressed proletariats.

What made each of them so influential?


Nationalism was considered influential due to various reasons that include. First, it intended to maintain the nation's culture through the way of pride for the national success. On the other hand, it is linked to patriotism. For example, having the norm or belief that the nation should be in charge of the country's government and the various means of production (Greenfeld 23). Secondly, nationalism is focused towards maintaining and developing the national identity depending on the shares and social features for example, language, politics and religion.


Liberalism is considered influential in various ways that include, first, liberalism is supposed to be highly sensitive to circumstances and time. Every country's freedom is seen to change with generations. The historical development of liberalism over current years has been noted to be a movement of mistrust of the countries power on the belief that it is usually misused. Secondly, liberalism is concerned with the number of government activities, liberals tend to worry about democracy, and this is due to the fear that democracy might create a tranny by the majority (Skinner & Quentin 96). One may say that democracy looks after the majorities and liberalism looks after the unpopular minorities.


Marxism tends to analyze the economic activities and material conditions needed to achieve the human material need to elaborate on the social phenomenon within a specific society. Marxism marks the assumption that the method of production has a significant influence on all the other phenomena's, for example, the cultural system and legal systems.

How two of them affected the world cultures

Both liberalism and nationalism hag great effect on the world cultures in various ways. The liberalism transformed the world culture through the creation of economic inequalities and oppression in the workplace. Whereby people were denied their employment rights and were subjected to hard labor? Liberalism also led to the discrimination mainly in the minority groups. For example the African American. Liberalism. Also did not ensure equal rights for the entire population, that is the disabled, minority groups and among genders.

Nationalism also had a great effect on the world cultures since it brought bought the political and religious differences in the society, this led to the clashing of ambitions between the new Asians and the African nations. Their differences led to the arising of World War 1. The war was due to the substantial political differences among them which also lead to the formation of new nations. The war led to communities dividing and relocating to the different area.

Works cited

Greenfeld, Liah. "Nationalism." The WileyBlackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization (2012).

Korsch, Karl. Marxism and philosophy. NYU Press, 2009.

Skinner, Quentin. Liberty before liberalism. Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Smith, Anthony D. Nationalism: Theory, ideology, history. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.

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