"On Balmer Island, where mopeds serve as a popular form of transportation, the population increases to 100,000 during the summer months. To reduce the number of accidents involving mopeds and pedestrians, the town council of Balmer Island should limit the number of mopeds rented by the island's moped rental companies from 50 per day to 25 per day during the summer season. By limiting the number of rentals, the town council will attain the 50 percent annual reduction in moped accidents that was achieved last year on the neighboring island of Seaville, when Seaville's town council enforced similar limits on moped rentals." Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.
Will people start to use another kind of transport, if the town council of Balmer Island limits the number of mopeds?
Do accidents happen because of the moped driver's error or pedestrian error?
Is Seaville similar to Balmer Island in terms of population, number of mopeds and others?
Mopeds can be rented by private owned and not only by rental companies. Will this fact change the statistics of accidents?
How many mopeds does Balmer have?
How many people do rent mopeds?
Do accidents happen because of the moped drivers error or pedestrian error?
How does feel the moped drivers himself during the trip?
Do moped drivers drink alcohol before trip?
How moped numbers from 50 to 25 per day reduce the accidents by 50%?
Does the policy to keep the order on the road?
How many tourists do visit Balmer in the summer and where they are more^ in Balmer or in Seaville?
So, It might be possible that not only moped rental companies are giving out moped to people and not by individuals or residents to others. This is not mentioned anywhere in the claim. So even if the moped rental companies reduce their giving outs, the accidents are not reduced as the number of mopeds more or less remain the same. The author needs to give this information that what percentage of mopeds on the road are from rental companies and how many from individuals residing there. As far as the figure goes, how the reduction in mopeds from 50 to 25 per day bring about exactly 50% reduction in the registered cases of accidents? There is no proof of this delineated in the claim. The proportional decrease in the number of mopeds brings proportional decrease in the number of accidents. This should have been supported with more numbers. The survey of Seaville town is from last year and may not be valid for Balmer for this year as population distribution might be different. Also in Balmer island, population increases only in summer and not in other times. So it might be that when population recedes, the number of accidents might go down on its own and there would not be any need to decrease the nouber of moped rentals. The author need to provide this data to support his claim.
Therefore, in its present form, the given argument is flawed and unconvincing due to lack of adequate evidence in support of its claim. And before implementing the laws to curb moped accidents, the island Council must take into account the various factors connecting economy and tourism, the local climate and the peoples agony and safety in the same chain. With careful consideration of each factor, it must set rules that will be mutually beneficial to each faction.
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