Essay Sample on Tax Evasion versus Tax Avoidance

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  5
Wordcount:  1231 Words
Date:  2022-04-04


McGee defines tax evasion as the habit by which, associations, enterprises or individuals abstain from paying their tax deliberately. The practice is viewed as unlawful and in this way subject to considerable punishments and criminal accusations. Tax evasion applies to both circumstances whereby a taxpayer deliberately gets associated with unlawful underpayment and additionally unlawful default of separate tax obligation. However, to be viewed as liable of tax evasion, it must be demonstrated that an individual's or an association's inability to pay tax was deliberate (AICPA, 2017).

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On the other hand, tax avoidance refers to the adjustment of the financial status of an individual or an association to lessen or decrease the income sum owed through the application or utilization of legitimate techniques (AICPA, 2017). One method for honing tax avoidance is by the utilization of admissible conclusions and credit claims. The huge contrast between tax evasion and tax avoidance is that as opposed to tax avoidance that , tax evasion applies the use of unlawful strategies, for example, underreporting of income with an aim of maintaining a strategic distance from or decrease their tax obligation.

Although the terms "Tax avoidance and Tax evasion" were well developed in the US by the early 19th century (Sears, 1922), in UK there was still no qualification between Tax evasion and tax avoidance by as late as 1950. All that while, the term evasion was routinely utilized as a part of the feeling of avoidance. The official phrasing and refinement between evasion and avoidance was set up for a situation between Craven versus White in 1970. Presently tax avoidance was redefined as a procedure which intends to overcome the goal of the parliament (Sikka 2010).

Ethics of Tax Practices

As indicated by Visser (2015), a research study done by Ipsos MORI in 2012 on business ethics determined that tax avoidance was the second best issue that Britons wanted to be solved by most business. Visser adds that Britons perceived both tax avoidance and evasion as proof of greed. There are moral issues that encompass the issues of tax avoidance and tax evasion. Tax avoidance has the most critical effect on an authoritative picture. As per Visser (2015), organizations should be straightforward in their tax hones as inability to consent to the tax prerequisites has the impact of hurting an organization's general accomplishment by discoloring the organization's public image. Visser additionally places that straightforwardness in tax hones helps in reclamation of public trust also promising more sureness to business planning.

The intriguing piece about tax avoidance is that it does not add up to tax evasion. For example, in 2011, Google UK had accumulated a whopping 395 million pound turnover. In any case, things being what they are, the United Kingdom treasury just got 6 million pounds; an astoundingly modest division of the benefits. Also, Amazon had offers of 3.35 billion around the same time however contributed an insignificant 1.8 million pounds to the British Treasury. As ridiculous as these two arbitrarily picked frequencies sound, what these organizations did was lawful. Basically, no laws were broken in spite of the ethical ludicrousness of such self-evident, draconian and possibly 'tax evasion' activities.

Tax avoidance potentially is equal to financial impunity. According to Samuel (2005), consolidated tax laws with expanding gaps and clear loopholes are the greatest guides of tax avoiding multinationals. Fundamentally, firms are liable to business charges though individual salary workers are liable to individual taxes. For firms to hone tax avoidance in business charges, they as a rule migrate their branches to offshore duty safe houses accordingly enlisting as outsider business elements offshore. This influences firms to abstain from creating wage onshore more with each outsider business backup that they enroll offshore.

Hence, American based Google and Amazon abstain from paying charges in the UK by being characterized and enrolled as non-inhabitant business substances. This qualifies them for abstain from being burdened as inhabitant organizations, as well as occupant outsider organizations. This is regardless of the way that they appreciate all UK government rights and administrations like occupant organizations in the host offshore asylums. This thusly influences them to pay less duty to the American tax gatherer, otherwise called the IRS.

Banks and FTSE 100 firms situated in the UK are additionally potential suspects in this practice, with 38% of their auxiliaries situated in duty asylums. According to (Feust & Riedel 2010), High end banks, for example, Barclays bank, The HSBC, IBS and Lloyds have a joint aggregate of 1649 organizations. A consistent FTSE organization is guaranteed to have exchanged evaluating installments in order to empower an incredible 100 million pound move from auxiliaries situated in developing nations into duty shelters where a ludicrously reduced tax rate is acquired. An absence of stringent controls on exchange evaluating leaves loopholes for tax avoidance as assessable benefits move to expense sanctuaries without infringing upon any law. Cayman Island, Luxemburg, Delaware State, Liechtenstein territory, and Nauru are the main offshore tax safe houses that are menacingly unregulated and house benefits that reach out to dealings in drugs and arms exchange.

In characterizing taxation, the prompt understanding dependably identifies with the level of tax avoidance and evasion. Tax evasion is viewed as unethical since it is unlawful, then again, avoidance is viewed as legitimate or adequate as it includes the utilization of lawful means in lessening tax obligation. The two definitions give an almost negligible difference between tax avoidance and evasion. In any case, a definitive impact is that the two practices prompt unavoidable income misfortune by the tax collection authority and the general public (Visser 2015). Since tax avoidance is legitimate, it is generally exploited since it creates loopholes and subsequently law enforcers and tax experts are mandated of the obligation of evacuating such loopholes. This will guarantee that the tax experts gather more income for societal improvements.

Thusly, from an ethical perspective, both tax avoidance and evasion are unscrupulous. Tax evasion goes without saying that it is dishonest since it is unlawful. On the other hand, tax avoidance is however liable for debate. Tax avoidance is unethical since paying a decent amount of duty is viewed as a social obligation of partnerships. Utilizing the supposed "lawful" intends to abstain from paying a decent amount of expense is not ethically perfectly fine as it would imply that organizations are maintaining a strategic distance from their social commitment.


In conclusion, the reason behind tax payment is that we owe an obligation to three elements; in particular to the National government, the society, and to wrap things up, God. Subsequently, in as much as tax avoidance is ethically unjustified and peculiar, it is unmistakably certain that governments globally should step up to tackle this practice. Even better, governments can exploit the circumstance and establish sound laws that make ethically worthy tax avoidance. That way, an evenhanded tax premise is upheld and the society is overall glad to share the weight of tax based in a non-undercover, convincingly just, and ethically adequate way.


AICPA. (2017). Tax Ethics & Professional Standards. Retrieved October 27, 2017, from Samuel Blankson Tax Avoidance a Practical Guide for UK Residents Lulu Press Incorporated, 2005.

Visser, W. (2015). The A to Z of corporate social responsibility. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley.

Fuest, C. and Riedel, N., 2010. Tax evasion and tax avoidance in developing countries: The role of international profit shifting.

Sikka, P., 2010, September. Smoke and mirrors: Corporate social responsibility and tax avoidance. In Accounting Forum (Vol. 34, No. 3-4, pp. 153-168). Elsevier.

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