Kenya is such a fascinating country with rich cultural heritage and well-preserved traditions that consists various music genres depending on the different communities. The major cities in Kenya are Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu. Kenya was colonized by the British and gained independence in 1963, and they have preserved their culture up to date. This paper focuses on discussing traditional music in Kenya.
The Local Indigenous Tribes
The local indigenous tribes in Kenya belong to the groups of hunters and gatherers and the pastoralist. The pastoralists occupy 25% of the Kenyan population which is 38.6 million while hunters and gatherers are 79,000 in number. The tribes are the Ogiek, Yaaku, and Sengwer who were popular in hunting and gathering while the Maasai, Gabra, Samburu, and Somali are the pastoralist (Sena, 2015). These tribes are always at risk of facing the resources insecurity tenure and also poor political representation which is as a result of exclusion and discrimination. Their state seems to be deteriorating every year due to the increased competition in the areas of resources. The Maasai believe in God who they worship, and they call him, Enkai. Ogiek believes in God who made them and they call Him Mwenenyaga which means the owner of the earth.
Various traditional instruments are incorporated in the Kenyan favorite music genres, and they include the chordophones such as nyatiti and Idiophones such as Kayamba Nyatiti is a conventional Kenyan instrument comprised of eight strings. It is found in the Luo community located in western Kenya. Nyatiti is three feet long consisting of the bowl shape and a curved and usually covered with cow skin (Omenya, 2017). It is generally plucked using fingers to give the different rhythmic pattern. The performer sits on a chair called orindi while performing. Kayamba belongs to the idiophone class of instrument. When being played, it is usually held in between the player's palm in a horizontal position in the rafts face upwards and downwards (Akuno, 2018). This instrument gives complex rhythmic patterns as it is tapped using fingers moving it downwards and upward. The rhythms that are typically produced by Kayamba double the vocals of the songs being accompanied.
Kenya is one of the most popular among the Sub-Saharan African Countries rich in culture that is well preserved for instance the musical instruments. It has fascinating music history that is very interesting for all the communities, and it is very diverse.
Akuno, E. A. (2018). Digilogue Zone: Indigenous and Contemporary Media and Technology in Higher Music Education in Kenya. Action, Criticism & Theory for Music Education, 17(1).
Omenya, G. O. (2017). Changing trends of gender participation in Luo music. Journal of Gender, Information and Development in Africa (JGIDA), 6(1-2), 45-72.
Sena, K. (2015). Carbon credit schemes and indigenous peoples in Kenya: a commentary. Ariz. J. Int'l & Comp. L., 32, 257.
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