Conflicts are inevitable; however, the more we get to understand about human nature, the more positive the outcome of a conflict might be for both parties (Pope & Vasquez, 2016). It is evident that various individuals have divergent priorities and also deal with or address situations in different manners. Nonetheless, humanity is composed of the same characteristics regardless of the gender, racial and social-economic alienation. Ethical conflicts tend to happen when individuals are confronted with a collision between general belief systems about morality, ethics or justice and their situations. The issue concerning what is Right and wrong may never always be vivid, and thus some circumstances may involve a person to select between two wrongs in which the specific ethical decision can end up in personal or social default or a situation whereby an individual is likely to benefit from the unethical decision. Such conflicts can possibly occur at the individual, professional, or community level (Hon & Grunig, 1999).
In a circumstance that we do understand ourselves that we get emotionally attached and may be driven by emotional affairs with our client, it would be fair to reassign the task or hold on until the treatment is complete. In the situation of research psychologistA and participant M get involved in the emotional attachment which tends to lead into an intimate relationship. This is clear evidence of ethical conflict; and is in abridging of the code of ethics as per APA guidelines.
Engaging in an inmate relationship with a participant is described as having more than a therapeutic relationship with a client or trainee. Such form of relationship can compromise the outcome of the comprehensive treatment or the research findings. The boundary of relationship has always been violated as a result of the technology, for instance, the psychologist would keep contacting the participant or client via social media platform and perhaps starts talking various issues that are irrelevant as the research or therapy requirements.
The Alternatives for Reconciling the Ethical Conflict
Dealing with moral conflict may need balancing the interests of the parties involved. In this case of research psychologist A and participant M .the psychologist has to apply a standardized procedure to settle the moral conflict by an ethical aspect to the ultimate conclusion. The researcher, however, has to consider asking the following questions: Which one is likely to be regarded as a competent leader by the work team of other participants? Which one is more respected by the research team and is more likely to be obeyed? The most effective strategy to settle moral conflict during the research is to avoid it from occurring. This means to have a standardized core set of values; ethical standards; active adherence function; and moral leadership (Pope & KeithSpiegel, 2008). In the case of the occurrence of ethical conflicts, the process assists in resolving it effectively. I cite my views on how best to resolve ethical conflicts in case mentioned between the researcher and the participant:
The interpersonal conflict happens in a situation whereby the real or perceived goals and values that are incompatible are colliding. Interpersonal conflict tends to go beyond communication. The interpersonal relations may also be a significant factor that causes of ethical conflict among individuals. According to the set standards by the APA, every therapist needs to follow and comply with the set code of ethics. In the situation of the research psychologist A and the participant M, and there are various available alternatives for resolving moral conflict of the unaccepted relationship between them.
It should be noted that the ability to manage conflict is likely to make individual to have a better life than making the situation worse or escalating it. To effectively comprehend the aspect of resolving the ethical conflict, we will use every option to the following scenario of psychologist A and participant M who are involved in intimate relations. While the ethical conflicts concerning intimate relationship and research in the field seem to be a regular trend, we will emphasize on the various approaches that could be applied address the issue as stated in the scenario.
The circumvent option of conflict resolution typically shows a lesser interest for self and others, and mostly no direct communication regarding the conflict tends to happen. Generally, avoiding does not indicate that there is no communication concerning the conflict (Gottlieb, 1993). Communication at some points tends to be inevitable even though Even if we try to assume conflict, one may intentionally or unintentionally give his or her feelings away through verbal and nonverbal communication. The avoiding style is either passive or indirect. When an individual feels that the dispute is of lesser importance, it is recommendable to avoid the conflict. If the individual you're involved within a conflict is to work with you temporarily, it may be easy to assume or avoid that the specific conflict would not last for long and probably solve itself. Avoidance is sometimes a very challenging option of resolving an ethical conflict since occasionally the individual we tend to have the conflict with may not be temporary in our workplace (Gottlieb, 1993). Even though it may be easier to tolerate a situation when we regard it as temporary, avoidance may sometimes be more productive. For instance, avoidance may initially show as altering the topic on the issue at hand, and then escalate to even avoiding the individual as well, to putting an end to the intimate relationship.
However, some Indirect approaches such as making a joke or hinting may also work as a circumventing method since they make the situation relatively bearable especially in a condition whereby emotional or intimacy is involved. For instance, we may hint to give a clue that we hope our partner will possibly see sense and identify the problem and probably change thus solving the ethical conflict such as getting in an intimate relationship with participants or the clients. Nonetheless, we should not overestimate our partner's ability to take in-jokes or connect the intended hint about the conflict situation. And again, relatively, more frustration may develop resulting in passive or hostile behavior.
Passive-aggressive conduct is a manner of addressing a dispute in that, an individual indirectly conveys his or her pessimistic feelings via gestural conduct, for example, not willing to finish on a task. In the case study, participant M may not be willing to get involved in the research until its completion, and this may definitely compromise the target of the research psychologist A. Such characters may further develop additional ethical conflicts; and therefore, making the other partner also to starts to show such conduct too and not dealing with the root cause of the problem. Nonetheless, avoidance may be the most effective approach in specific situations such as when the conflict is temporary and little personal investment.
This is more of an embracing kind of approach that indicates a relatively mild care for self and low investment in the conflict and the relationship. Compromising may never be necessarily a win situation since a partner may later feel that they probably gave too much thus resulting in a future conflict. For example, participant M may think that she had contributed and assisted the research psychologist in a more significant way not just to let it go. Compromising is always an effective approach when there is a limitation of time, and there is a feeling that prolonging the ethical conflict can only result in the deterioration of the relationship. The compromising option is relatively a more appropriate option when both parties find the solution agreeable. The research psychologist and the participant M may settle on a plan to end their personal bond until the project is complicated and they get back later.
The collaborating option of ethical conflict resolution engages a greater level of worry for self and others and shows a speculation in the conflict state and the bond typically. Cooperation seems to take time is more efficient since its outcome is usually a win and strengthens the overall relationship in the long run. For example, both the individuals in the case scenario may come into a conclusion that they put on hold their intimate relationship to focus on the task and later get together after its completion. In this situation, they did not consider the ethical conflict personal but instead focused on the condition and ended up with a conclusion that may end up saving both their relationship and the task they are undertaking.
The collaborating option tends to be the most effective strategy to apply in settling the current moral conflict. This is because this particular approach is engaging relatively high concern for self and the other and also shows the investment in the conflict. For instance, in the condition, both the psychologist and the participant are emotionally attached and are currently having an intimate relationship which is basically an investment in the conflict; and therefore, it would be convenient for them to compromise and reach an agreement that they both seem fit for their relationship now and in future and at the same time focus on the task. With such reasons both the parties would have a sense of motivation.
Steps Recommended helping void a Similar Situation In The Future
Comprehend what multiple relationships are composed of
It is described as having more than a therapeutic relationship with a client or trainee. This often it's an area that a psychologist has to be cautious and get to know that that he or she may be prone to complain if he or she gets involved in such relationships.
Set clear guidelines up front
It is essential to first identify distinct boundaries as to what services one will offer, and that you won't. On the other hand, clearly, state for the participant or the client their roles too throughout the entire session.
As a psychologist, the research psychologist A should stay focused and not be easily distracted by the various stressors. When the level of the stressors gets too much, it might compromise the judgment ability of the psychologist.
The psychologist needs always to stay connected by Belonging to professional groups like the APA's Practice Organization. Being a member would assist psychologist A from making some of the mistakes such as the getting into a personal bond with the participant; this is because the organization will always keep him updated of the existing code of ethics the practice and allow constantly consult with other members in the field of psychology.
Identify the ethical issue and clearly define the problem
Ethical issues happen when there is interest conflict and do not conform to the ethical standards in the field of psychology. Determine and assess alternative courses of action. Apply moral reasoning to settle the conflict. Assess the rights of every party and your commitment as the research psychologist to protect such rights. Treat each party fairly in resolving the conflict, and for instance, psychologist A should not put all the blame on the participant M.
APA guides its member's ants always train them of the requirement of the practice. This actually helps the member to be the best practitioners in the field (McLeod, 2011). The essay paper focuses on the various issues concerning the code of ethics within the practice of psychology. The paper further emphasizes on the moral conflict scenario in the case of research psych...
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