Annotated Bibliography on American Federation of Labor

Paper Type:  Essay
Pages:  7
Wordcount:  1784 Words
Date:  2022-11-06

Waterman, P. (Ed.). (2016). Labour worldwide in the era of globalisation: Alternative union models in the new world order. Springer.

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The article by Waterman presents challenges of globalisation especially on the end of the twenty-first-century era. According to the author, workers and other organisations experience oppressions which cause a painful dilemma. The America Federal of labour and other labour movements have come in to seek justice and therefore, democratic directions in economic and political unionism.

Fine, J., & Gordon, J. (2010). We are strengthening labour standards enforcement through partnerships with workers' organisations. Politics & Society, 38(4), 552-585.

According to Fine and Gordon, labour movements are vindicated, and therefore, there is a need for law enforcement to seek for redress of the challenges faced. The authors denounce that, structures of employment should propose labour inspectorates to make the state labour and the federal system compliant with the rights of the commons.

Skocpol, T. (2013). Diminished democracy: From membership to management in American civic life (Vol. 8). University of Oklahoma Press.

The article reflects the American Civic Democracy and the challenges affecting workers in the labour sector. In the United States of America, it was difficult for one to acquire freedom even if they belonged to many associations that could get transformations into the everyday world. Cross voluntary federations fought for the rights of individuals in the institutions that represented the contemporary world.

Evans, P. (2010). Is it Labor's Turn to Globalize? Twenty-first Century Opportunities and Strategic Responses.

It is labour time to globalise review illuminates the theoretical imaginations of the Latin America generations. The article denounces that neoliberal globalisation is the cause and nemesis of labour. Neoliberal capitalism is the primary threat to labor, and this stigmatised the rights and freedom of workers.

Introduction, Definition, and Background Information

American Federation of Labor-Industrial Organizations Congress

American Federation of Labor (AFL) is an independent labour union that was founded in the late 18th century. It organised its workers by industries regarding craft unions to involve them in dispute solving and reduction of the autonomy which represented direct interests of its workers. The leadership of Samuel Gompers in 1886 made the AFL to be organised in such a way that it would bring the unity of the American Labor Movement into functionality (Waterman, 2016). The movement bargained for the rights of the commons in the economy. For instance, the primary goal of the union was to restore governance and ensure that there are freedom and care for all individuals in the US. It focused on wages, benefits and working conditions of the commons about the improvisation of democratic value.

Oppression of workers was the primary challenge that affected most individuals, especially of Latin America. Despite the period of economic prosperity, union movements experienced threats especially on when they embraced for the rights of others. The unions slowed their performance during the great depression which brought challenges that prevented employees and workers from enjoying their rights. However, the admission of new members to the AFL movement sowed progress for the fact that, some new opportunities diverted in to fight for the rights and freedom of the ordinary people. The new political climate resulted in the formation of new movements which despite the restrictive environment brought opportunities for labour.

Labour is an audacious component especially for the ordinary people for the fact that they use labour to get a living and sell their positions in society. AFL movement steered the formation of interceding globalised institutions that could give far-flung workers of common targets (Fine & Gordon, 2010). According to the article of liberalisation, the workers trooped and turned against capitalism giving labour voice and new powers to globalise internationally. The new movements, therefore, do not fight for the rights of Americans only, but the rights of workers globally. However, despite the vast progress and expansion of the movements, there is resistance from other followers who celebrate the oppression of the labourers. They are termed as labour creed, and they require great lamentations over the consequences to legitimise their intellectual stance which will help build global labour solidarity.

Neoliberal globalisation is the nemesis of the social economy and the only movement that will help in the restoration of the intensified oppression of labourers. For this case, an increase in the bargaining power of capital is the only strategy that can intensify competition among worker's paradigm hence exploring the meaning for equality and expression of freedom for the people. Capital persistence is the leading cause of oppression among workers and a global threat to the allocation of jobs. The solution to this is economic simplicity which will make the kind of abuse seen to disappear. A minority of the workers will feel like they have a voice to whipsaw and push themselves in the pool of equality and equality, especially for their rights. This is an example of good governance and democracy for all people particularly the workers.

The need for the formation of labour Unions follows workers personal issues such as poor working conditions and wages. For example, the American Federation of Labor championed the restoration of the oppressed class which represents the workers globally. The working class has limited political and economic power. Therefore, when it comes to representation, there are no visions that can air their grievances so that they can be included in decision making and provide relief for the members. The emergence of unions played a role of radical contemplation which will bring change to the movement. The original programs led to the growth of the movements hence creating links to the government which completely directed to the realisation of the movement objections.

Structures of employment also contributed to diminished wage and hour inspectorate for workers in the United States of America. The unworkable conditions resulted in the formation of union movements to seek for worker's rights and also express their views in bodies of decision making. However, despite the efforts to counter the barriers that most law enforcement bodies faced, there was a mismatch between detection and enforcement arguing that the oppression emerged from the federal government and the labour state (Skocpol, 2013). They did not give the labour inspectorates a voice to fight for the general interests for the enforcement to take part hence going against the labourer's standards. The formation of the AFL enabled the workers to have a voice in the state and decision making hence their action to work partnered with the government.

During the civil war in the United States of America, service and membership of the voluntary associations diminished. Workers were left emblazoned without representation in the forums of governance. Their rights were vindicated as they had no member to fight back and represent them in decision making. US leaders union leaders organised their members in voluntary associations and mirrored the power of influence in the democratic republic which becomes part of them. With all the modest means, they became globalised and started fighting for their rights through mobilisation of the masses in a way that men and women were arranged in contemporary factors that fostered the representation of the millions of other Americans.

Despite that the voluntary groups were local and intimate, the scattered the creation of many movements which bounded communities together. The immediate neighbourhoods joined the moves to struggle and fight for the restoration of the social economy to create an enabling environment for workers. The corporate patronage wanted to ensure that the marginalised individuals are protected about embarking on local democracy which is an essential element in the ramification of spanning factors that favour democratic rights in the globe. Before the new union was formed, evidence depicts that traditional American civil associations were more Trans local in the fact that they were enclosed into particular places and self-bodies controlled the movement. To some extent, social programs could be included to foster the civic voluntarism activities, and largely activities covered were supported by the government.

Early American voluntarism activities happened in the northeastern part of the United States of America, and the entire reflection was done middle States that is the Latin Americans (Busemeyer & Trampusch, 2012). The central States experienced oppressions that emerged from the unfair treatment, and in this case, the probable reasons for this are racial discriminations. Similar undertakings happened as a result of trans local organisations which lacked a forum for representation in the federal government. The continually exposed to this kind of injustices resulted in the intimidation of peace and unity which is essential for states of governance and decision making. The establishment of the AFL declared peace in the Unions because it modestly treated all individuals hence gathering them towards a proficient sovereign grand.

In any state, the activities will run smoothly if the complaints of workers are adequately addressed. As prosed earlier, the wages and working hours are the most profound features that should be kept in place to ensure the protection of worker's rights and freedom. The affirmative answer that will assist in the logging of the system will ensure that launched activities meet the intended resources which are essential in addressing the conditions of all workers. Wage distribution in low wage geographic areas has been a challenge. More employers exploit the employees with the low wages despite the fight with the formation of labour unions to safeguard and protect the rights of workers. This led to the establishment of a memorandum of association to champion the establishment of worker's rights about time and wage member distribution. The division of labour standards administered the policy in 2009 and provided members with training skills and proficient resources through empowerment programs (Evans, 2010). The enlightenment designates workers to fight back hence avoiding labour violations as indomitably seen in the summit and memorandum of agreement.


In conclusion, a perfect economy can explicitly be perforated from a social economy when there is right governance. Consequently, unions that champion good democracy of the people require collocation so that they can develop a voice that equips small and marginalised groups to come out and speak for themselves. This means that the unions need autonomous juxtaposition before they become formerly independent as many parties oppose the movements despite the explanation of the ordinary people's rights. American Federation of Labor is an international union that fights for the industrial powers of workers in the United States of America and also solving social and political disputes hence fit for the social economy.


Busemeyer, M. R., & Trampusch, C. (Eds.). (2012). The political economy of collective skill formation. Oxford University Press.

Evans, P. (2010). Is it Labor's Turn to Globalize? Twenty-first Century Opportunities and Strategic Responses.

Fine, J., & Gordon, J. (2010). We are strengthening labour standards enforcement through partnerships with workers' organisations. Politics & Society, 38(4), 552-585.

Skocpol, T. (2013). Diminished democracy: From membership...

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