Annotated Bibliography Example: A Perspective on Transition and Globalization in China

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Wu, B., & Sanders, R. (2016). Marginalization in China: Perspectives on Transition and Globalisation(Maxwell & McFarlane, 2016). Routledge.Richard Sanders is a leader in political economics at the university of Northampton, and director of the China Center at the University. He holds an MA and PhD degrees in London which he gained in London and is a graduate of university of Cambridge. He writes thesis on the political economy of Chinese Ecological Agriculture. He became a lecturer for two years in the early 1990s at Beijing Foreign Studies, China. His publication work is widely in the areas of Chinese political economy, rural development, and environmental protection and property rights. Bin Wu has a PhD from the University of Hull and currently works as a researcher at Cardiff University, UK. His research work currently focuses on the impacts of globalization on Chinese labor mobility at national and international level.

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Based on the writers occupation, the book is written on a general survey basis and combines empirical research and conceptual analysis. The work is focused on past globalization in China for the last 28 years which saw Chinas achievements and sustained economic growth.

The book describes how Chinas economic transition has witnessed centralization of resources from the margin to the core in the economic, social and political senses. It employs a marginalization lens to reveal the patterns, processes trends dynamics and multiple dimensions for development and wellbeing in the country

The work gives insight overviews of Chinas recent development which will enable me establish a clear perspective on the notable current development and make comparisons. Its citations can be useful in providing primary and secondary resources which can help during research on an essay.

Chinas social policy

This bibliography is about transformation and challenges in China. It deals with policy development and policy making in China, key policy areas and special policy issues.

Ngok, K., & Chan, C. K. (2015) Nottingham Trent University, UK. Sun yat-sen University China.

Kinglun Ngok is a professor in Social policy at the center of Chinese Public Administration Research and school of government. He mainly focuses on social security, labor policy and social services as it is his interest. His recent books are Welfare Reforms in East Asia, and Industrial democracy in China.

Chak Kwan Chan is a reader in Social Policy at Nottingham Trent University, UK. He researches on social security, social policy in China and Hong Kong, comparative welfare policy and non-governmental organizations. Social Policy in China and Human Dignity and Welfare Systems

The work is based on a general survey of social changes that have occurred in China since 1978. Although Chinese leaders claim that is a socialist country, Chinas mixed economy and its emphasis on competition, efficiency, success, working with capitalist economy has actually announced the end of its Maoist socialism.

The book describes the development of Chinas welfare policies since its conception of an open door policy in 1978.Chinas economic successes has been the focus of most international communities. In response to the creeping social pressures due to insufficient social protection, the Chinese government has taken a more active role in developing welfare policies since the early 2000s. The book explores in detail the five key policy areas of employment, social security, health, education and housing.

This book provides readers with comprehensive and critical information on Chinas welfare reforms. This may provide enough information during a research on an essay. The book contains citations which may provide the researcher with different resources to refer to. There are very few books in English on social policy in China and this book can be welcomed both by academics and students of China and East Asian studies and comparative social policy and by those who want to know more about Chinas social development.

Taxation in modern China

The bibliography is a compendium of research commissioned by the Applied Economics Institutes Research Linkages Program (AERIL), a Program of the Canadian International development Agency. The research partnership focused on the theory and development of tax policy in China consistent with economic liberalization and the transition to a market economy.

Brean, D. J. S. (2013). Taxation in Modern China. Routledge.Donald Brean, professor of finance and economics at the University of Toronto and the co-director of the G20 Research Group, said that the high ratings of seemingly dysfunctional economies is to be expected, and lends valuable insight into the G20 as an international organization.

As a professor his work has been based on research and an extensive survey into tax reforms in the economic and social transition of China.

The book describes the fiscal reforms in modern China. It describes how the incentives was substantial but not effective. That the state owned enterprises failed to take advantage of the reduction in the average marginal effective tax rate to increase their overall rate of investment. Donald Brean has gathered the leading authorities on intergovernmental fiscal relationships and banking on Chinese taxation.

The book contains description of the fiscal reforms in China and can be a good source of information for a research essay. It also contains citations that can be used as reference material where necessary.

Entrepreneurship in China

The bibliography contains the rules, institutional holes and double entrepreneurship, institutional changes and entrepreneurial strategies, process of entrepreneurship the puzzle of entrepreneurship, the limits on playing Institutional holes, Entrepreneurial Authority and Institutional Autonomy.

Yang, K. (2016). Entrepreneurship in China. RoutledgeYang is a highly ranked Lecturer majoring in Sociology in the faculty of social sciences. Additionally, he is a member of the Wolfson Research institute for health and wellbeing. On the other hand, he is the head of the department of Taught Postgraduate Research Methods Programs and he specialized in programs including reasoning, statistical exploration and research process and design.

His research falls into the economic and political sociology broadly and more specifically owners of private enterprises in the context of China's economic and political changes;

His work follows a chronological order describing every step of entrepreneurship in China right from the process of entrepreneurship to the strategies. It explains the disappearance of private businesses in the Peoples Republic of China between 1949-1956 and the new rules, new entrepreneurs. It describes the entrepreneurial opportunities and strategies. It shows the initial success of Huo Hongmin and Huaqi Group and the confrontations they faced as entrepreneurs.

It is a good book for essay research since it contains detailed information about entrepreneurship. The writers vivid description on entrepreneurs, the Bureaucrats and the journalist can be a very reliable source of information in an essay research work.

Chinese Economy in transition

It is about the economic reforms introduced under DengXiaoping. It attempts to answer the question: what was the economic system that the Chinese were trying to reform and what approach have they adopted to reform it?

Liew, L. H. (1997). The Chinese economy in transition: From plan to market. Cheltenham, UK: E. Elgar.

Professor Leong H. Liew is the tourism Confucius Institutes director. Leong has written other books including; Nationalism, National Integration in China and Democracy. The Economy of China in Transition: From Uncertain Future Plan to Market, The Making of Chinas Exchange Rate policy: from Plan to Wto Entry

His work is not theoretical since it is based on an analysis of reforms introduced under Deng Xiaoping.

The book focuses mainly on economic issues and also explores the political and social environment. It concentrates on three broad areas of the Chinese economy: agriculture, industry and macroeconomic management.

Its in-depth explanation of the reforms can become the best source of information for an essay research. It is written in a well-organized format hence has the ease of access to specific information.

The reasoning and restrictions of the Chinese Socialist Development

This research reports on the themes of peace and war, disparity, revolution, historical memory, regional development, and world social change.

Selden, M. (January 01, 1983). The logic - and limits - of Chinese socialist development.World Development, 11, 8, 631-637.Mark Selden is a Research Associate at Cornell University under the Asian program, additionally he works as an editor at the Asia-Pacific Journal specifically focusing in Japan, and is a retired Professor of Sociology and History and retains an honorific title at the Binghamton University. He specializes in the modern geopolitics, the history of China, the East Pacific and Japan, political economy and themes addressed in his work include war and peace, inequality, world and regional social change and revolution.

This book is written based on information that occurred in the past Social development in China. Research and analysis has been done to arrive at the information. The book also focuses on the Chinese Socialism between the years 1949-1955 whereby minimum violence was used to achieve a progressive cooperation. However, the success in the Cultural Revolution and Great Leap was short lived when mistrust grew among the peasants. This was also caused by the few zigzags in economic ideologies which came with the Great Leap. In respect, the limitations of social development is set by the proportions of the agricultural additions which can be hauled out without aggravating the tensions and high rates of investments that industrialization requires.

Based on the contents of this book, the information provided which contains vivid examples from past Chinese social development it can provide enough material for a research on an essay. It also contains citations which may be necessary for a researcher.

The Era of Deng Xiaoping

The bibliography explains about an explanation into the destiny of Chinese socialism between1978-1994.

Meisner, M. J. (1996). The Deng Xiaoping era: An inquiry into the fate of Chinese socialism, 1978-1994. New York: Hill and Wang.

Maurice Meisner was an historian of the 20th century China and a professor at the University of Wisconsin. He had a strong interest in socialist ideology which led to his study of Chinese revolution and The Peoples Republic. He has authored a lot of books including Maos China and A History of the Peoples Republic.

In his revision he provides piercing insights and comprehensive coverage of Chinas fascinating and turbulent history. His writing is based more on what he thinks than on research basis. He drives his point to a particular meaning according to what he thinks as a Sinologist.

He focuses on traumatic underside of Chinas quasi-capitalist, Chinas huge quasi-capitalist achievement story-now the conventional wisdom. An increase in unemployment, crime, and the issue of no job security, economic inequality and also social benefits has seen a considerable increase in China. Since capitalism by the authors definition is exploitative, even substantial improvements in the living standards of Chinese workers would have been described as exploitation. He acknowledges that people working in both the city and country side now enjoy better material life conditions, greater incomes, but maintains that to say they are doing good does not reduce the extend of exploitation.

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